Norse Mythological tree

The Norse Legend of the World Tree - Yggdrasil

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In 1643 a Bishop called Brynjolf Sveinsson was given forty- five pieces of vellum containing poetry and prose from the heart of ancient Northern European indigenous culture. This collection is called The King’s Book (the Codex Regius in Latin). It is thought to have been written around 1270. Between 1270 and 1643 the manuscript was hidden from public view, presumably to protect it from being destroyed by the new religion which arose from Rome. Who the family was that protected this manuscript for over three hundred years we don’t know, and nor do we know their tradition, but we can be sure that it would have been a treacherous secret to bear safely through the medieval centuries. The Bishop did not himself keep the manuscript; instead, he offered the collection as a gift to the King of Denmark. There it remained in Copenhagen until 1971, when it was returned to Iceland.

Codex Regius (The King's book) of Eddaic Poems and Flateyjarbok

Codex Regius (The King's book) of Eddaic Poems and Flateyjarbok ( Wikimedia Commons )

Warships had to transport the manuscript across the sea, as a plane journey was seen as too risky – such was the preciousness of the papers. It is not surprising: these vellum papers represent the few written remains of our indigenous past of Northern Europe.

When we open these old scripts we find at the heart of the Norse mythology contained within a symbol as archaic as campfire: the World Tree, Yggdrasil.

I know that an ash-tree stands called Yggdrasil,
a high tree, soaked with shining loam;
from there comes the dews which fall in the valley, ever green, it stands over the well of fate.
(Seeress’s Prophecy)

The most satisfactory translation of the name Yggdrasil is ‘Odin’s Horse’. Ygg is another name for Odin, and drasill means ‘horse’. However, drasill also means ‘walker’, or ‘pioneer’. Some scholars would argue that the name means ‘Odinwalker’. In some parts of the manuscript, Yggdrasil and Odin seem to be one and the same.

When Odin hung, speared, for nine days on the World Tree, he uttered the words that he had ‘sacrificed himself onto himself’. This stanza gives us a description of the unity existing between the Godhead and the Tree in the myths. To emphasise this connection, we find in old English the word treow, which means both tree and truth. Etymologically, then, truth and tree grow out of the same root. Subsequently, in the Norse creation myth, man and woman originated from trees. We are all the sons and daughters of the Ash and Elm tree: the first man was called Ask, born from the Ash, and the first woman Embla, born from the Elm. Their oxygen offers us the primordial conditions for life. Ask and Embla sprouted from Yggdrasil’s acorns, and so it is that every human being springs from the fruit of Yggdrasil, then to be collected by two storks ,who bring them to their longing mothers-to-be. In Scandinavian folklore, they say that children are born through the knot holes in the trunks of pine trees, which is another version of the same myth.

Odin creates Ask and Embla. Published in Gjellerup, Karl (1895).

Odin creates Ask and Embla. Published in Gjellerup, Karl (1895). ‘Den ældre Eddas Gudesange’. ( Wikimedia Commons )

Artur Lundkvist is one of Swedish literature’s greatest tree worshippers. Following a reflection on trees and forests, he writes:

‘… in every human there is a tree, and in every tree there is a human, I feel this, the tree wonders inside a human being, and the human being is caught in the tree … I serenade the forests, the forest sea is the second sea on earth, the sea in which man wanders. The forests work in silence, fulfilling nature’s mighty work; working with the winds, cleaning the air, mitigating the climate, forming soil, preserving all our essentials without wearing them out.’

The people represented Yggdrasil by planting what was called a ‘care-tree’, or ‘guardian tree’, in the centre of the homestead. It was a miniature version of Yggdrasil, and a stately landmark in the courtyard. The care-tree was a figurative expression of the interdependence of the world around us. It had a soul which followed the lives of those who grew up under its shadow and boughs. If the care-tree had witnessed many families growing up, the relationship between the tree and the family would have strengthened; this relationship was known to be private and confidential within the family line. Many such care-trees can still be seen in Scandinavia. I would argue that this is the origin of the Christmas tree. We unknowingly bring the World Tree into our home every winter solstice.

Comments

The Tree within the Human and the human within the tree is similar to the Kabbalah, or the jewish Tree of Life. The tree with in the human is symbolic of the nervous system, The brain are the branches, the spinal cord the trunk, the rest of the nervous system the roots that ground one into the physical dimensions. There are lots of trees within mythology from all over the world, it is fasicnating when we can read ancient literature and see the hidden secrets that exist within the story.  Yggdrasil is ‘Odin’s Horse’, symbolic of Odin’s power.Horse symbolizes power. This is a story about the spiritual power (possibly knowledge) Odin gained through his death, rebirth/ divine life spiritual challange as Odin searched for the Godhead or divine source buried deep within himself. 

On Jefferson Airplane's "Crown of Creation," Jack Casady is billed as playing "Yggdrasil bass." Indeed.

Just noticed that this painting, “The Yggdrasil from Prose Edda, 1847. Painted by Oluf Olufsen Bagge,” is representative of our, “Flat Earth with the Firmament Above.”

A fantastic and profound mystery is this tree and indeed the myths of the Norse.
Thank you for the article.

Cool article! I’m very interested in anything and everything associated with Norse legend(s), Ireland, Stone Henge, etc., as I believe this is area in which the Annunaki first visited and mingled with the Atlantians and Lemurians of long ago.

The question is always the same, “What happened to the Great Civilizations of the past?”

Obviously, “WE” are NOT able to comprehend and accept “OUR” place in this universe...yet.

One thing is for sure “Whomever” these peoples ARE (not, were), “they” are STILL around. “WE” have NOTHING in common with these beings as they are so much more advanced than us we are but trivial insects. What LOVE they must be capable of as to NOT interfere with our society except, to gently nudge us away from total annihilation?

 

 

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