Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha defeats the Holy League of Charles V under the command of Andrea Doria at the Battle of Preveza (1538).

Hayreddin Barbarossa: Causing a Ruckus as the Notorious Pirate Redbeard

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‘The Battle of Preveza,’ by Theodor Christou. Oil painting of the historical naval battle between the Ottoman navy under Hayreddin Barbarossa Pasha and the Western Christian navy under Captain Andrea Doria.

‘The Battle of Preveza,’ by Theodor Christou. Oil painting of the historical naval battle between the Ottoman navy under Hayreddin Barbarossa Pasha and the Western Christian navy under Captain Andrea Doria. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Hayreddin’s Loyalty and Peaceful End

Hayreddin continued to serve the Ottoman Empire loyally. For instance, when Charles V attempted to bribe the pirate to switch sides, it is said that he refused the offer outright. Additionally, the raids of coastal cities continued. Some, such as the Genoese, eventually gave up trying to defeat Hayreddin, and chose to pay tribute in order to be spared from being attacked. At one point of time, the Ottomans entered into an alliance with the French, and Hayreddin found himself defending southern France from Spanish attack during this time.

In the Siege of Nice in 1543, Barbarossa's fleet combined with a French force to capture the city.

In the Siege of Nice in 1543, Barbarossa's fleet combined with a French force to capture the city. ( Public Domain )

A truce was finally reached between the Ottomans and the Spanish in 1544. In the following year, Hayreddin retired to a villa on the northern shore of the Bosporus. His son was appointed as the new ruler of Algiers, and he had his memoirs written. In 1546, Hayreddin died of natural causes, and was buried on the European side of the Bosporus Straits.

Tomb of Hayreddin Barbarossa in the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul

Tomb of Hayreddin Barbarossa in the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Featured image: Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha defeats the Holy League of Charles V under the command of Andrea Doria at the Battle of Preveza (1538). Photo source: Public Domain .

By Ḏḥwty

References

Ali, N., 2013. Admiral Barbarossa - Pirate or Empire Builder. [Online]
Available at: http://www.forgottenislamichistory.com/2013/11/admiral-barbarossa-pirate-or-empire_25.html

Cryer, A. B., 2016. Hayreddin Barbarossa Explained. [Online]
Available at: http://everything.explained.today/Hayreddin_Barbarossa/

Garcés, M. A., 2005. Cervantes in Algiers: A Captive's Tale. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.

Montefiore, S. S., 2012. Titans of History. London: Quercus.

Sansal, B., 2016. Barbarossa. [Online]
Available at: http://www.allaboutturkey.com/barbaros.htm

Szczepanski, K., 2016. Admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa. [Online]
Available at: http://asianhistory.about.com/od/turkeyhistoryculture/fl/Admiral-Hayreddin-Barbarossa.htm

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