Archaeological site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey

The Secret of Gobekli Tepe: Cosmic Equinox and Sacred Marriage - Part 1

(Read the article on one page)

Göbeklitepe is an ancient and significant site which has been pushing back the beginnings of civilization further than we previously assumed. As each temple at the Neolithic site is excavated, the story of human history is rewritten.

Göbeklitepe is situated in the city of Şanlıurfa (or Urfa) Turkey and it stands out as one of the most interesting prehistoric archaeological sites today. As a result of scientific research, Göbeklitepe temples have been dated to 9600 B.C., at the earliest - in archaeological language it’s regarded as Pre-pottery Neolithic A.

The Göbeklitepe excavation site in Turkey.

The Göbeklitepe excavation site in Turkey. Yepyep/ Flickr

During the construction of Göbeklitepe there was no civilization as we know it, as there was in Sumer or Egypt. The discovery of Göbeklitepe caused a paradigm shift of archaeology: religion was evident before the advent of agriculture and permanent settlement, not after, as it was thought.

German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, head of excavations at the ancient site, Göbeklitepe may have played an influential role in the subsequent civilizations, just as Sumer and Egypt had [8].

Could the origins of Sumerian and Egyptian gods and goddesses be found here, in Göbeklitepe?


Göbeklitepe hosts numerous circular and square shaped temples. Klaus Schmidt and other scientists claimed that these structures could be used to perform rituals and cultic beliefs, and it’s likely that Neolithic shamans headed the rituals held in these mysterious temples [8].

Six structures have been unearthed as a result of excavations since the beginning of the 1995 season. As of 2015, multiple structures are still being revealed. Temples were identified as A, B, C, D etc.

Common threads connecting the temples are two T-shaped pillars located in the center of the temples, with 10 or 12 pillars surrounding it. The heights of the pillars vary between 3 and 6 meters (10 and 20 feet). These T-shaped pillars can be found not only in Göbeklitepe, but also in other nearby Neolithic settlements like Nevali Çori, Hamzan Tepe, Sefer Tepe and Karahan Tepe.

Almost all pillars residing in Göbeklitepe have various animal reliefs on them, depicting the snake, fox, crane, boar and other assorted creatures. The reliefs show us a quite sophisticated sense of art. Besides the various animal sculptures, totem poles and signed tablets were also unearthed.

We see also ambiguous symbols on some pillars. In addition to “”H” and “I” symbols, several sun and moon symbols were found engraved on some pillars, revealed Schmidt. The sun and moon signs which were engraved on the Temple D center pillars are quite remarkable. The moon is depicted as crescent, and the sun is portrayed with a cavity in its center. Some of these symbols will undoubtedly be vital to solving the secrets of Göbeklitepe.

Many of the pillars at Göbeklitepe are engraved with symbols.

Many of the pillars at Göbeklitepe are engraved with symbols.

The astronomical meanings of these symbols is not controversial. With regard to their positions in the sky, the meaning of these symbols are likely to have cosmic or celestial significance. Perhaps Göbeklitepe temples were built as observatories for the purpose of observing celestial objects like planets and constellations.

Italian archaeoastronomer Giuglio Magli from Milano Polytechnical University propounds that Göbeklitepe temples may have been built for observing Sirius, the brightest star in night sky. According to Magli, the Göbeklitepe community might have celebrated the birth of this new bright star.

Likewise, another astronomer, B. G. Sidharth expresses that 12 pillars located around the center of Temple D could symbolize the 12 months of the year. Sidharth also thinks the “H” sign on one of the center pillars symbolizes the Orion constellation. He believes the sun and moon signs imply a solar eclipse [4]. According to Schmidt, however, the H-like sign characterizes the male and female relationship [8]. When examined closely, it does seem a kind of relationship between two individuals: both thrusting out their hands to one another.

Furthermore, Joe Plegge emphasizes that the holed stone in Temple D might have been designed for determining equinox and solstice days. He examines this theory in his book “ Turkish Stonehenge: Göbeklitepe ” [7].


The center pillars which depict the “H” and sun-moon signs stylize the human body, as it is generally accepted. Arms and hands can be seen precisely. Human faces are not clear. It might be that they are not humans, but gods or goddesses of the Neolithic. We see arms bestride both sides of the pillar, and the hands come together on omphalos, or navel. This standing position might be considered special and perhaps sacred. Sumerian goddess Inanna was characterized in a standing position just like center pillars of Göbeklitepe. Likewise, huge statues of Easter Islands were constructed in this kind of sacred standing position (hands on omphalos). According to some, this posture symbolizes “birth” or “rebirth”.


Reading the article I had to think of John Allegro's book:
He thought that almost all myth en religion of the Near East led back to an ancient Amanita Muscara mushroom cult in Sumer. Maybe he was right. Or allmost right and not Sumer but Gobekli Tepe was an even earlier sorce of this cult.
Maybe... Just maybe the T-shaped stones could be a symbol of the stem of the mushroom and the roof of the buildings/temples could be the cap of the mushroom.
Another interesting thing is that when you consume the Amanita Muscara you feel very much that you are part of the larger universe. I remember that at the end of an Amanita Muscara 'trip' I thought of the stars as 'my brothers' or even 'part of me'. Maybe after all the Amanita Muscara is at least partly the source of all this interest in the stars and the skies...
And the Amanita Muscara cult was part of a larger cult of the 'life force'. And that has a relation on the emphasis that is put on the 'Eastern Star' or 'Spring'-cult in Gobekli Tepe.
Just maybe......
(Excuse my crappy English.)

Ozgur's picture

Klaus Schmidt also refers shamanic rituals might be once prevalent in Gobekli Tepe. But this thesis should involve more proofs.





I find it fascinating how you believe a 9,000 bc megalithic structure is "proto-turks", but can't look north to homelands of ArmenianS for answers. These structures were built by Proto-Sumerians as Sumerians came from the north. All your answers lie with Armenians. Another revisionist article.

That's what I thought as well. It's a falsification of history to suggest that Gobekli Tepe has anything to do with Turks.
"... It is generally agreed that the first Turkic people lived in a region extending from Central Asia to Siberia with the majority of them living in China historically. Historically they were established after the 6th century BCE.[63] The earliest separate Turkic peoples appeared on the peripheries of the late Xiongnu confederation about 200 B.C ..."

The "double-axe" culture of Egypt were also Urartian...Armenians. True enough.

But don't be too harsh on this article as "revisionist": the proto-Armenians went by many names: "Mittani"..."Akkadian"...."Hurrian"...."Assyrian"......just be relieved they are not sticking to rote repetition of twisted history foisted in "mainstream" sources.

The proto-Armenians came up through Bharata/India to settle the mountains of Ararat. Goodness knows how long ago that occurred. But certainly, it predates the 9600 BC date of Gobekli tepe. A million years? Could very well be. Who can say??

DNA proves the Armenians are the Assyrians are the "Ashkenazi" are the Palestinians are the Syrians are the Druze are the Georgians are the Kurds....dispersed from the mountains of Ararat in the deep dark past of unknowable times.

Feel better now?

I never register on these types of boards to comment but i needed to tell you your comment had more merit as to the sacred marriage than this whole demonstration of pseudo scientific dribble posing as scholarship. Klaus Schmidt is dead and personally i like the trend that sets for main stream "archeologists," and their now completely untenable theory's about "hunter gatherers." But I digress when you trace the the proto-Armenians to the Akkadians on through to the Ashkanazi you make sense of the most enigmatic line in Rosarium philosophorum ("the sacred marriage"); "take a Corascene dog and an Armenian bitch" the ingredients needed to begin the Great Work. I will be elaborating on that to finish my own series Black Sun Rising on Veterans Today. I don't know what this author was trying to say he had the title right but that's about it, don't worry I will be doing much better. i already have look me up some time...

possibly those symbols are plasma dischares between the planets give symbols of an alien sky a look into

Kun’Ay phonetically is similar to the Tibetan snake-eating Khyung, which is a creature made from a bull and a bird, which is a representation of the North Pole stars, and the precession Circle. Historically these two regions are linked with the three way war in`Tibet between a Turkic group, India and China

I believe there are numerous linear patterns drawn on the pillars. I would like to see if they align to the same astronomical value desribed in my book….




Enigmatic Lines

The site was NOT built by "Proto-Turks." The Turkish invaders did not conquer Anatolia until the Middle Ages. They are Central Asian invaders who came very LATE to this region. Before them, Anatolia was inhabited by Lydians, Hittites, Armenians, and other people.

The sun and moon on the Turkish flag are Islamic symbols as any fool knows. This article is offensive, revisionist, racist trash and propaganda.

I see that this article has TRIGGERED you.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

Posthumous portrait of Queen Isabella I of Castile.
Isabella I was a Queen of Castile and León who lived between the middle of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th centuries. Her reign is notable for a number of important events, including the completion of the Reconquista, the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition, and Christopher Columbus’ 1492 voyage, which the monarch supported and financed.


Left side view of the Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan.
Teotihuacan’s Lost Kings, a television special, took an hour long look at the great city, its inhabitants, and the excavation of the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, (also known as the Feathered Serpent Pyramid.) The program revealed evidence of advanced engineering built into a tunnel system, and placed directly underneath the Pyramid.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article