The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon

King Solomon’s Mines Discovered: Kings and Pharaohs - Part I

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Have King Solomon's Mines really been discovered? Yes, indeed. In fact, they have been known about for centuries, and modern archaeological work on them started way back in the early 19th century. But the site’s true significance has never been realized before, and so their role in biblical and popular history has never been fully understood. And that lacuna in our understanding has stemmed from one fundamental problem—we still do not know who King David and King Solomon really were, nor where their capital city was. And so before we can find the legendary gold mines of these famous monarchs, we need to find their true identity.

Mystery Men: King David and King Solomon

How can this be, readers may well ask—how can the identities of King David and King Solomon be 'unknown'?

Well, one of the primary problems for Judaeo-Christian theologians is the disturbing reality that the most celebrated kings of Judaic history, cannot be found in the historical record. While that may sound unlikely, recent archaeology in this region by professors Israel Finkelstein and Neil Silberman has demonstrated that Judaea was very sparsely populated during the United Monarchy era, while Jerusalem itself was ‘little more than a village’.

So the central problem that bedevils all historical research into the United Monarchy is obvious: the Tanakh (the Old Testament) describes an influential nation and a wealthy society that simply could not have existed in this early era. Kings David and Solomon were supposed to have been the most influential and wealthiest monarchs in the entire region, who had subordinate monarchs paying them tribute in gold and spices, and yet the archaeology says this is impossible. So how did the Jewish people manage to 'mislay' the region's most famous monarchs? The only conclusion that archaeologists can logically come to, is that the Tanakh is a complete fiction and kings David and Solomon did not exist.

Painting illustrating David, King of Israel.

Painting illustrating David, King of Israel. ( Public Domain )

Controversial Problem

The cultural and religious solution to this controversial problem is to tiptoe around these troublesome archaeological findings, and pretend that they do not exist. However, a logical alternative is that we are either looking in the wrong era or the wrong location for the United Monarchy, and so the solution to this perennial problem actually lies in Egypt. And while this may sound like a bizarre suggestion, it does actually make a great deal of sense.

Josephus Flavius, the first century Jewish historian, said that the ancient Israelites were the Hyksos pharaohs of Egypt, a story that I cover in some detail in my book Tempest & Exodus . So, originally the Israelites were an almost fully Egyptianized people, which is why they were joined on the Exodus by Apis-bull worshippers.

But what if some of these Hyksos-Israelite refugees did not go all the way to Jerusalem, or came back to Egypt in later generations? They would then be almost indistinguishable from the Egyptian 21st dynasty, which was likewise founded by immigrants.

The Third Intermediate Period of the 21st and 22nd dynasties is said to have been ruled by Meshwesh immigrants from Libya. And yet these immigrant Meshwesh were remarkably Egyptianized in both culture and religion, almost as if they had previously been exiled from Egypt. And so the possibility exists that there has been a slight confusion here. The Meshwesh and the Israelites are the same people—previous exiles from Egypt—and they did not establish their primary capital city at Zion (Jerusalem), but instead they built it at Zoan (Tanis) in the Nile Delta.

Fig 1. One of the temples at Tanis, in the Nile Delta. Was this the original Temple of Solomon?

Fig 1. One of the temples at Tanis, in the Nile Delta. Was this the original Temple of Solomon? (Photo R Ellis.)

Biblical Kings and Historical Pharaohs

But if the Israelites were the Meshwesh, then the biblical history of the United Monarchy should be directly comparable to the equivalent history of the 21st and 22nd dynasties of Egypt, whose pharaohs ruled at the same time as the biblical kings. This has been deemed impossible and unthinkable, which is why it has been dismissed out of hand and never investigated. However, since I don't mind going out on a limb, I compared these 'two' royal dynasties, and was surprised to find a great number of similarities between them. For instance, the following table compares the pharaohs of the twenty-first dynasty with the equivalent ancestors of King David:                             


Hi, love you site. Keep going with the good work.
Best regards,

interesting article. could the second part of his eventually egypt name (seba) has something to do with his wife Bathseba? also written as bat scheva, scheva means wealth or vow in hebrew as far as wikipedia knows. what was the exact meaning of seba in egypt?

Hello Lilly,

The ancient Egyptian word seba (acutally sba, since they did not write vowels) means 'star,' as in a star up in the sky. The hieroglyph for sba is reproduced in the article above as the five pointed star. There are no alternative meanings for sba that would allow it to mean 'wealth' or 'vow.'

Yours, in service,


how could you leave us hanging like that ..what proof ? if any this is written and where ? ...i have a few people i need to discuss this with this sounds so logical /some what / what about the story of Moses than we know he was in a basket sent to the Egyptian pharaohs
Moses, first appear at the beginning of the Hellenistic period, from 323 BCE to about 146 BCE
son of Amram grand father Kohath great grand father Levis.. and great great grandson of Jacob and Leah ..great.great great grandson son of Abraham and Sarah ...for king solomon to be a pharo these names would also be in play ....moses and david share brother ancestors with levis and Judah....oo and the big one for me would be abraham that would need to show some where .....but i don't think so!!!

Moses was a pharoh. Many books have been written on it, including a work by sigmun freud. This is why the most powerful currency in the world has a pyramid on it. The Jewish bankers who own the Federal Reserve banks are the same descendants of the same "money changers" whom Jesus overturned their tables. It is the reason Egypts head of antiquities refused to release the dna info he got from the pharoh. They did a whole giant special about decoding the dna, but after receiving the results, he changed his mind. That is the real reason Jews have been kicked from so many countries in history. Those at top know the truth. They keep the power by denying the truth to the masses. The people at the top call themselves Jews to conceal the truth. They are the ones in the bible who "claim to be my people, but are not , and instead worship in the synagogue of satan".

Sure would be interested in those “books” that you mentioned, could you please name a few?

Who is "he" and "they"? You are throwing around a lot of nondescript pronouns. It's very easy to remain vague and say anything you want - you don't have to reveal any real sources or truth.

[could the egyptian name (seba) has something to do with his wife Bathseba?]

Ha, yes, you have it in one.
David was called Sheba meaning Star. Bathsheba means Daughter of Sheba, and she was David's daughter, if you plough through the genealogy. And when she married David, she became the Malkha Sheba, or the Queen of Sheba.


[How could you leave us hanging like that ..what proof ?]

There is a book to go with the article - Solomon, Pharaoh of Egypt.


Actually 'Bathsheba' means 'House of Sheba'.

yeh ok we get it, you've wrote a book and you need to sell one.

Bathsheba was not Davids daughter. he noticed her while standing on the roof of the palace. She was the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah, whom he had killed. 2 samuel ch 11.
also read Chronicles ch 3. for Davids children names. And Davids blood line, lead to Jesus !

Solomon was never a pharaoh, or king of egypt. He was King of Israel !

Tsurugi's picture

Very interesting work, Ralph. Looking forward to part 2.

Incidentally, I have to wonder about the description of Jerusalem as a mere village. A little village surrounding the gigantic Moirah platform...?
Oh wait, I forgot...the Romans built that platform. So it wasn't there yet. Except for the part that once held Solomon's Temple....which is most of it. And neither Solomon nor David built that part; the texts indicate it was already there when they got there. So....
...yeah. A little village surrounding the huge platform.

Reading tis article makes me lament the tragedy of Velikovsky's suppression by the establishment. As early as 1953 Velikovsky explained why archaeologists could find no evidence for the great events and persons recorded in the Old Testament: They were looking in the wrong strata. So, the Exodus, for example, was recorded by the Egyptians, but their record of the event, the Papyus Ipuwer, was dated to the start of the Middle Bronze Age, whereas the Exodus is normally dated to the Late Bronze Age. In the same way, Solomon's luxurious Jerusalem was the opulent and mighty Middle Bronze Age city - the city conquered and ruined by Thutmose III, not the miserable Iron Age village normally associated with Solomon.

In his "Ages in Chaos" Velkovsky explained in great detail howHatshepsut, who went on a great expedition to the "Divine Land", was the Queen of Sheba, who visited Solomon in the "Holy Land". Hatshepsut's successor, Thutmose III, was the "pharaoh Shishak", who plundered the temple in Jerualem (Al Kuds, the "Holy Place"). Thutmose conquered the land of Palestine in his first year and records the plunder he took from the great temple of the King of Kadesh (Kadesh and Kuds both being names for Jerusalem.

As long asVelikovsky is rejected by the establishment, no one will ever make sense of the archaeology.

The problem with relying on the Ipuwer papyrus is that almost the entirety of it is contradictory to the account. Christians desperate for verification of the Old Testament stories have cherry picked the Ipuwer papyrus. One example of ignoring the entirety of the document is that it says that 'Asiatics' are arriving, not leaving Egypt.

[A little village surrounding the gigantic Moirah platform...?]

Yes - well you an I know that the platform was there long before the Romans. However, the big platform surrounded by a small city does have a precedent, because the great platform at Baalbek is exactly the same.


Tsurugi's picture


It does indeed have precedent. I worked that out in the course of writing my previous comment, heh.

So my question now is slightly different. Is it not accepted that Solomon's temple(versions 1 and 2) once stood atop the Moirah platform?

[They were looking in the wrong strata.]

Even Josephus Flavius said this, 2,000 years ago. Josephus said the Israelites were the Hyksos, and so the Israelite Exodus was the Hyksos Exodus, in 1570 BC.

But Velikovsky was wrong about Tuthmoses III. There is not correlation between those monarchs. But if you compare Pharaoh Psusennes and King David, the two dynasties are identical. And the date of these two monarchs is exactly the same.


Who ever wrote this article, please read holy scripture. David and Solomon Did exist. God's word is accurate ! King David wrote Psalms. Solomon wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and song of songs. Only he, empowered with the wisdom he asked God for, could write such accounts of deep love and, sincere fates.

David Figueroa's picture

There's no place for religious fanatics here, please.

Whoever wrote this comment, please the article. He says they did exist... just not where suggested in the Old Testament.

King David and Solomon were not egyptian. Solomon was not a pharaoh.
No egyptian believed in, Jehovah God.
OT is not suggestive, it is Gods word, so is NT. When writing about history, the bible being Gods word, will always be sincerely more accurate than any artifact found can give. By those trying to figure out what exactly happened to his mines, or his burial place or his face, for that matter. And the Christian belief is not about wishes, those are human thoughts, of those who don't believe, simply refusing the truth.

Its humorous to see you people supporting lies to prop up your pre-conceived wishes

Hiram Abiff is not in the Bible, its something found in Freemasonry. This doesnt mean Freemasonry got it from somewhere else. But its not in the bible. You need to mention this in the article rather than ignore it. Since we are probably lacking in documentation as to whether Hiram Abiff is entirely an invention of freemasonry, or came from someplace else, we have a hypothesis, it is not bad to have a hypothesis and try to connect missing pieces but we need to be aware thats what we are doing

If these people did exist they were probably Anunnaki. We know what the gold was about and there is most likely none left laying around. In a while most of the humans on Earth will understand their real creators and their real purpose. We are well past the time for a new and more real religion.

Again: there was no "Israel." The grossly misinterpreted Merneptah stele proves it. Merneptah has a royal title of "Jaashefit." The "king of Israel" when Merneptah allegedly "laid waste to Israel and it's seed is no more" was Jehosephat. The "king of Israel" that laid to Jezreel (Yezreel) the "city of seeds." Case closed. "Moses" was a title: "mes" meaning Smithie...and the biblical "Moses" story is comprised of all 22 kings of Egypt so titled. However...the one most closely associated to "Moses" in modern times is Tushratta...Seti I. The younger brother of the man he called "Nebukhudurriya" which is Akhenaton as Nebuchadrezzer...there was only one. Seti I was aka A-sty-ages..."biting serpent." "The indictment of Madduwatta" proves who "David" really was. And "the queen of Sheba" is the statue of Ista-Devi that Tushratta sent to Amenhotep III with 300 priestess of Istar....she is the queen of "TaeSub"...king Sheba: Shiva. Case closed.

With a "star" as her symbol...seems there is good reason nk trace of "Solomon or David" are found: "Solomon" is Shalmanu...Amenhotep III...the guy with a royal title of "Garude."

Ista-Devi Istar...the goddess that played her harp for a blinded giant to soothe him...sound familiar?

There was an Israel where now at the turkish Van legue the City Van is 8000 years ago. The Exodus of Israel went into outer Space and that´s why there stil can be Lithium6 Found at Northern Syria Raqqa and on and around Ararat because of two Polonium Hydrogen explosions to stall the coming armies of farao Imhotep and to wipe out any evidence of hightech presence at Ararat where by the top went from 6,5 kilometer high to present hight.

The Arc was a pendle at level of the culture of that time to prevent shock that pendled between Israel and the Spaceship called Throne of God Morninglight City in the Sky and Sea of Glass in the several religieus works of Mankind and harbored high at Ararat as Beacon for the Refugees A Tetrahydron Battleship with sides of 1000 meters existing completely out of Diamond and brought the Kaukasian White NONE jew Israeli to a Destination far beyond Orion and Betelgeuse to Have a New Life. It stil is in Orbit around the Sun .. Waiting .. what Destiny Mankind shall Choose.

There Never was a moses and an exodus by him. the Story was simply stolen to infiltrate Europe and steal Noah´s Identity. As they also stole Mohammed´s and Christ´s Identities and works for evil and submission into slavery.

The Ship is also called Shining Beauty and Kabaa in the islam religion and is origine of the triangolo symbols and hats of the jews and the illuminati and the All Seeing Eye and it was reason the Piramids of Gizeh were built and pointed toward Orion.

"WOULD BECOME Some like this:

12 Then I saw Him open the sixth seal.(handling a controlpanel of course) A violent earthquake occurred; 14 the sky separated like a scroll being rolled up; and every mountain and island was moved from its place. 13 the stars of heaven fell to the earth as a fig tree drops its unripe figs when shaken by a high wind; 12 the entire moon became like blood; the sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair;

This Makes More Sense in order of Consequense of the start of a FTL Ship until lightspeed as fenomena of a launch and extreme accelerating speed and reaching Lightspeed. Even Motor Cyclists already have the experience of hypnotic scrolling Sky when they are speeding

NOV 8, 2014, 5:37 AM

Tsurugi's picture


There was no Israel, huh? That's weird...then why is there an obelisk in the British museum that was excavated from what was once Assyria by Sir Austen Henry Layard, bearing inscriptions recording the military conquests of Shalmaneser II and listing the kings of other lands that were made to pay tribute, one of which is listed as "Jehu, son of Omri, king of Israel"...?

Tushratta was the last "king of Mitanni" to use the "mes" title in his royal titulary. However his son, Ramses II did. Tushratta is Dushartha...the father of "Lord Rama." "Mitanni" is an Arabic bedouin word: "Two hundred sons." These are the offspring of "YWH" called the "Shasu of YWH" that terrorized the Levant. The "Shasu" are the Chasu...children. YWH's offspring. Yuya...Yu'aa...his capital was at the 2006 archaeological find of Jawa, Jordan. Go look it up...Jawa is YWH. The bedouin king called Daesh was his son Seti I/Tushratta. The Chinese king called "Yu the Great" was Yuya...Yu-Iah. Aka the vizier of the Persian dynasty of Egypt called "Bagoas."...the 18th dynasty of Egypt was actually in the 700s-600s B.C....if not later. And I have the proof...tons of it.

"But what if some of these Hyksos-Israelite refugees did not go all the way to Jerusalem, or came back to Egypt in later generations?"

Hyksos yakhuber clan jacob clan sent to conquer and rule West coming from Palestina as outpost as base for the chinese empire who sent them as commonwealth rulers.

These are now our rulers officials politicians industrials etc like reuben is moskowicz and asshers are a wealthy diamond mining and political family now and gad might be the family of bill gates and many more members.

And Dan of the yakhuber clan the Jacob clan became Denmark Mark of Dan

Linking the two monarchies is interesting, but I saw no reference to David's predessor King Saul or to Israel's all-powerful prophet, Samuel the kingmaker.

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