Artist’s representation of underwater ruins.

The Exceptional Underwater City of Cuba: A New Theory on its Origins – Part I

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(Read Part II here )

In his Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization , Graham Hancock examines the numerous structures that have been discovered underwater around the world. Most of the sites that Hancock discusses lie less than 120 meters (395 feet) below sea level, which comes as no surprise since the sea level never fell below this mark during the time Homo sapiens walked the earth. Submerged over 700 meters (2300 feet) underwater, the Cuban city discovered by Paulina Zelitsky and Paul Weinzweig during a joint Cuban-Canadian expedition is the singular exception.

Overturning Old Theories

How can the existence of this underwater city at this great depth be reconciled with the well-established consensus that the sea level never dropped so low? In Hancock’s own words: “What one would not expect to find in water anywhere near as deep as 700 meters would be a sunken city - unless it had been submerged by some colossal tectonic event rather than by rising sea levels.”

Reconstructed Image from the sonar scan of the sea floor off the coast of Cuba.

Reconstructed Image from the sonar scan of the sea floor off the coast of Cuba.

However, the hypothesis that the city was originally built at a higher altitude and subsequently sunk to its present depth through tectonic activity has not stood up to the scrutiny of the experts. Grenville Draper of Florida International University considers it highly unlikely that such an event could have occurred: “Nothing of this magnitude has been reported, even from the Mediterranean…”

Supposing Draper’s remarks rejecting the likelihood of the city having submerged are reliable, we are compelled to accept that the city was built at more or less the same depth that the city is located now. In other words, we are faced with the patently absurd conclusion that the structures were built underwater! Though proponents of the aquatic ape theory may beg to differ, it is clear that we have reached an impasse. Could there be an alternative theory that satisfactorily accounts for these structures at such depths?

Great Seas and Vast Depths

On the opposite site of the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea is the Mediterranean Sea. Dividing Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea is an enormous sea - over 2,500,000 km2 (965,255 square miles) that has, at least within the timeline of anatomically modern man, always existed. For millennia, ships of successive great nations and empires sailed the Mediterranean; the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Romans among them. In 146 BC, owing to its victories in the Punic Wars against Carthage, Rome achieved what no known civilization had hitherto achieved; namely, the control of the entire Mediterranean Sea by a single power.

Map of the Mediterranean Sea with subdivisions, straits, islands and countries

Map of the Mediterranean Sea with subdivisions, straits, islands and countries ( CC BY-SA 4.0 )

The Romans, rightly so, called the sea that they ruled over  mare nostrum –  “our sea”. Could the Romans have ever imagined that “their” sea, long before the dawn of man, was once a dry and landlocked basin? Indeed, they may very well have. In Natural History, Pliny mentions in passing a tradition of the inhabitants near the Straits of Gibraltar: “they also believe that [The Straits of Gibraltar] were dug through by him; upon which the sea, which was before excluded, gained admission, and so changed the face of nature.”

Historic map of the Strait of Gibraltar by Piri Reis.

Historic map of the Strait of Gibraltar by Piri Reis. ( Public Domain )

Could it be that the Caribbean Sea has a similar geological history as the Mediterranean Sea? That is, could the Caribbean Sea have been a dry basin, and could it have been so during the existence of anatomically modern man? Having performed an exhaustive search on the topic, I couldn't find a single source within the alternative literature let alone a peer-reviewed scientific paper that put forth such a hypothesis. However implausible this hypothesis may be, if true, it would provide a simple and elegant solution to the problem discussed, namely that of how a city could have been built close to 700 meters (2300 feet) below sea level today, or 580 meters (1900 feet) below sea level even during the maximum drawdown of the world's oceans. If the Caribbean Sea simply did not exist for an extended period of time in the human past, a reasonably advanced civilization inhabiting the area could have built cities on dry land thousands of feet below sea level, even over ten thousand feet below sea level.

Map of the Caribbean Sea and Basin

Map of the Caribbean Sea and Basin ( Public Domain )

Comments

Barry Sears's picture

Jack here is your quote and what you have done by changing these words is exactly what the quote is about. I am not sure if you have grasped the basic cosmological understanding of the bible. You have referred to God as "His" in your quote but God does not have a gender. Are you referring to the Father who art in Heaven. 
Jack's quote changed and personalised.
God warned us in Revelation 22:19 that any who add or take anthing from His Word will spend eternity in Hell. So Islam, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Mormon all ignore that warning at their own peril. All those cults were started hundreds of years and more after God’s Book had been completed. 

19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll.

And if anyone removes any of the words from this book of prophecy, God will remove that person's share in the tree of life and in the holy city that are described in this book.

and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book.

May every one who hears or reads these words, desire at once to accept the gracious invitation. All are condemned who should dare to corrupt or change the word of God, either by adding to it, or taking from it.
 

Barry Sears's picture

Jack do you think Mr Christ knew what he was talking about when he refers to his spiritual Mother and Father. Do you think you know exactly what he understood.

Quotes

Amongst the Eastern Church communities there is none more clear about the feminine aspect of the Holy Spirit as the corpus of the Coptic-Gnostic's. One such document records that Jesus says, "Even so did my mother, the Holy Spirit, take me by one of my hairs and carry me away to the great mountain Tabor [in Galilee]."

The 3rd century scroll of mystical Coptic Christianity, The Acts of Thomas, gives a graphic account of the Apostle Thomas' travels to India, and contains prayers invoking the Holy Spirit as "the Mother of all creation" and "compassionate mother," among other titles.  The most profound Coptic Christian writings definitely link the "spirit of Spirit" manifested by Christ to all believers as the "Spirit of the Divine Mother." Most significant are the new manuscript discoveries of recent decades which have demonstrated that more early Christians than previously thought regarded the Holy Spirit as the Mother of Jesus.

One text is the Gospel of Thomas which is part of the newly discovered Nag Hammadi texts (discovered 1945-1947).  Most are composed about the same time as the Biblical gospels in the 1st and 2nd century AD.  In this gospel, Jesus declares that his disciples must hate their earthly parents (as in Luke 14:26) but love the Father and Mother as he does, "for my mother (gave me falsehood), but (my) true Mother gave me life."  In another Nag Hammadi discovery, The Secret Book of James, Jesus refers to himself as "the son of the Holy Spirit."  These two sayings do not identify the Holy Spirit as the mothering vehicle of Jesus, but more than one scholar has interpreted them to mean that the maternal Holy Spirit is intended.

 

Barry Sears's picture

There is a trend through most cultures that projects the human structure and the parental element of life onto our larger surrounding structures of life. Evolution considers the changing process of life on Earth. Religious cosmology considers the relationship between the larger energy systems influencing the smaller like parental guidance. Astrology studies the relationship between the Celestial body and our bodies. Astronomy studies celestial bodies. Galactic evolution studies the stages of the life of galaxies. Creation looks at the structures to life as a repetitive pattern of the body. Science studies the evolution of life on Earth but also the evolution of solar systems and the evolution of galaxies. Religion looks at these structures as repetitive structures of life forms, progressing in size like larger bodies. Religions believe that life has evolved to an extent that the larger structures guide the smaller structures. No culture is so simple that it is just us and God. All cultures look at a progressive structure to life that maximises as the title God as an overall body known scientifically as the universe. If your thoughts are multiverses then these are bound by one structures, if your thoughts again are multi then these are also bound by one. This applies microscopically exactly the same of which if you were to look inside me (one) then you will find parts, of which breakdown into parts. 
All we are doing is looking at different parts in different ways try to comprehend from our point of view.
I am currently watching the study of a culture or belief that divided the Celestial body into parts. This connected to the World body also divided into parts. Parts of the anatomy. From a religious view this is considered the structure of God, who's creative energy system passes down through the formation of multiple Galaxies. The structure to life that forges multiply solar systems within multiple Galaxies. A repetitive pattern to life that produces terrestrial life forms. An energy system that creates the evolution of species that adapt and change to changing environmental conditions and time. 
I am currently watching the parts of the World body and how life is expressed on each of these parts. This includes ancient structures built by ancient civilisations to a global pattern as a template of our surrounding Celestial creative energy system. This story although off on a religious vs creation tangent captures a part of this World structure. The World zodiac is recorded in every zone of the World and I find most fascinating that this design is recorded on this article "Underwater ruins, representational image" The zone of Taurus, the neck of the World. This connects to the zone where the unique characteristic of the buffalo with it's massive neck belongs. 
The same pattern that repetitively passes through different structures in life, simply separated by time and space.
PS If the word is God then all of the words are God's, this includes all books that have been and includes all books that will be.  
 

Bronzesnake's picture

No. First of all with all due respect, that was a train wreck! Extremely convoluted, and making incredible statements, with absolutely zero corroboration.  

Are you referring to fractals? The Mandelbrot set of numbers?

Here’s an excellent presentation by Dr. Jason Lisles on the subject.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nkwCl0ymTfgQuote - "The same pattern that repetitively passes through different structures in life, simply separated by time and space.
PS If the word is God then all of the words are God's, this includes all books that have been and includes all books that will be."
All roads lead to Rome? 
No they don't. If I accept such a proposition, then I have to say God is a liar, because "all words are God's" even lies. 
You're confusing John 1:1 -  "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."
The Bible says there is one way only to get to Heaven, and that is through Jesus Christ.
I don't know what religion you're referring to but it's not Christianity.
Take care.
Jack
www.theliteralbible.com

Barry Sears's picture

King James Bible
Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Jack you have added, cut, changed the words here again, for what you personally have been taught or believe. 

Jack's words though are- 

"The Bible says there is one way only to get to Heaven, and that is through Jesus Christ." 

Firstly there is a major difference between the words; Heaven and the Father, these are two different words and have two completely different meanings. The word through is also seriously incorrectly used. 

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Myths & Legends

A vase-scene from about 410 BC. Nimrod/Herakles, wearing his fearsome lion skin headdress, spins Noah/Nereus around and looks him straight in the eye. Noah gets the message and grimaces, grasping his scepter, a symbol of his rule - soon to be displaced in the post-Flood world by Nimrod/Herakles, whose visage reveals a stern smirk.
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