Deriv; Statue from Gobeklitepe at Urfa Museum (CC BY 2.0), Orion Nebula (CC BY 4.0), and Gobekli Tepe

Cosmic Power of the Shaman and Symbols at Göbekli Tepe - Part II

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Read Part 1 here.

Göbekli Tepe is an ancient and significant site which has been pushing back the beginnings of civilization further than we previously assumed. As each temple, pillar, and engraving at the Neolithic site is excavated, the story of human history is rewritten, and the symbols and messages of prehistoric cultures are revealed.

Archaeological site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey.

Archaeological site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey. Wikimedia  Commons

The Three Baskets

The “Three baskets” symbol on the pillar

Three baskets can be seen carved along the top of the pillar.

The “Three baskets” symbol on the pillar of Enclosure D is also intriguing. At first glance, we may define this symbol as three ordinary baskets. In spiritual cosmology the basket is also symbolic of seasons and the offerings of the first fruit, fertility and sanctity. In the Pentateuch (Torah), three baskets are defined as “three days”. Maybe it symbolizes three specific days of the year. The three baskets could relate to the gates across the horizon at “two solstices and the equinox point” due east/west.

Positions of the equinox and solstices.

The pillar which this symbol is on looks up to the east direction. The motifs on this pillar – from bottom to top - may represent the travel of shaman's spirit after death, before rebirth. Experiencing death and rebirth is the most important stipulation for obtaining the shamanic power. Maybe it is the origin of Etena's heavenly ascent in Sumerian mythology. Etena's adventure to the sky or heavens on the back of the eagle represents shaman's flight to the upper world. In Turkish shamanism, the spirit of shamans resuscitates three times. Three times are on the days of June 21st, March 21st /September 23rd, and December 21st. Shamans benefit from the believed energies of these days.

On this pillar the sun is engraved also.

Cosmic Power of the Shaman

Pillar-18, which is identified as an anthromorphic statue, has a leopard skin hanged on its belly. It does not only symbolize a hunter man. There is much more to it than that. In my opinion, the leopard skin emblematizes the Cosmic Puissance or cosmic power of the shaman. In Egyptian myths, the goddess of astronomy Seshat is always wearing a leopard skin representing the stars of heaven. I can clearly point out that shamans of the Paleolithic, and later Neolithic, had morphed into the gods of Egyptian and Sumerian mythology.

The H Symbol

The pillars at Göbeklitepe depict the “H” sign

The pillars at Göbeklitepe depict the “H” sign

One of the highly disputed symbols is the H-like symbol (and also “( H )” symbol) which is seen carved on  Enclosure D pillars. Some say this symbol emblematizes the Orion constellation. I think this is not true. Because, besides the “H “symbol, there is an “I-like” symbol, which can define as slanted “H”. Both of them are not related to Orion. To provide some intriguing and factual meanings based on cultural and archaeological datas:

“H” symbol is not only a monolith symbol itself. It consists of two parts, which we can define as Tau. We encounter the same “H” symbol in Utah petroglyphs which are made by Anasazis. Indeed, we see the complete “( H )” symbol. Here the “H” symbol is not alone. On both sides there are other symbols.

Utah petroglyphs

Utah petroglyphs

Ray Urbaniak interprets the “H” symbol to mean double T shapes. Two T shapes butted together form a double T. He also says that Tau represents half of which is in the spiritual world. So, we can imagine that the “H” symbol consists of two Tau symbols. In my opinion, both of the side symbols next to “H” symbol represent the rising and setting sun. This tripartite character matches a verbal expression of mythological ideas about the three states of sun throughout the day (or moon throughout the night). The Ancient Egyptian god says: I am Khepra in the morning, I am Ra at noon, I am Atum in the evening—the names of deities that represent the sun in its various states.

The I Symbol

The “I” symbol of ancient Mexican mythology not only exhibits a single Tau of two forms, but in different positions, as well as two double-headed figures joined in one, which illustrates the duality, above and below, or heaven and earth.

Turkish rug motifs also contain “H” and “I” symbols. The meanings of these symbols are “marriage”, “unity of family” and “faithfulness of lovers”. Sometimes it represents “motherhood”, “fecundity” and “birth”. Among these rug motifs an important one, the so-called “Eli Belinde (Hand on belly)”, seems quite like Göbekli Tepe’s central pillars, upon which we see both hands on omphalos.


Many Turks think the universe revolves around the Turks.

Dear Özgür Etli,
Göbekli Tepe (nor the Anau civilization which clearly was NOT the origin of Sumer) has NOTHING to do with the Turks. And Turkey and the Turks are NOT the center of the Universe...
Please leave history to serious historians.

I'm very interested in this topic, but would it be asking too much to have some editing on these articles? The writing is wretched, not in the ball park of anything ready for public viewing. And in general, as the number of articles has increased on this site, the writing has gotten worse. This is a highly valuable site, but it would be far more so with a little professionalism applied to the prose

Same type of H as the H blocks from Puma Punku and there are more “coincidences”...


This tells the story of the Tree of Life being moved 3 times, the Fandor passenger bird and the location of the Garden of Eden.
Urantia revelation

Bard A Madsen's picture

I'm interested how H and Tau are connected in the article... I think the whole concept is wrong, personally. The seven birds represent the Pleiades, not the Big Dipper or the Sun, Moon, and 5 planets. The Gobekli Tepe site shows 12 constellations and the Bull and the Sun (the central monoliths) as in Gilgamesh and all this is confirmed by 2P/Encke. The Egyptians and the rest of the world's mythologies also confirm it. It is all about being hit from space. The Sun fighting the clouds that block it caused by the interaction of the Earth with Spacefalls.

“Heaven (Sky) – Earth connection” - Yes

“shaman may have also served as a ritual bridge between earth and sky” – NO

Give Shamans’ a break for being the foundation for most of archeology’s questionable interpretations. That’s the easy way out of doing your homework - blame it on the Shaman again.

The Turkish carpet “H” motif closely resembles characteristics found in high energy plasma characteristics. I suggest the researchers look here for their new homework assignment.

Many other motifs found in traditional eastern carpets can be seen replicating these high energy “cosmic” events. I have a carpet displaying many of these characteristics.

I find it interesting that the Turkish “I” symbol represents “cosmos”. They got that part correct.

Without scientific data, conclusions remain conjecture.

The “Three baskets” symbol on the pillar of Enclosure D is also intriguing to me as this is so close to my own cultures symbolism...being that the 3 baskets represent the 3 aspects of knowledge..

1 being the knowledge beneficial for mankind

2 being the knowledge detrimental to mankind and

3 being the knowledge forbidden to mankind.

The stone also shows the Birdman motif, a central character in our myths but we dont have scorpions....

The “Three baskets” symbol on the pillar of Enclosure D is also intriguing to me as this is so close to my own cultures symbolism...being that the 3 baskets represent the 3 aspects of knowledge..

1 being the knowledge beneficial for mankind

2 being the knowledge detrimental to mankind and

3 being the knowledge forbidden to mankind.

The stone also shows the Birdman motif, a central character in our myths but we dont have scorpions....

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