Hirbat Midras, in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel, part of what geologist Dr. Alexander Koltypin hypothesizes to be a massive complex of prehistoric underground structures stretching across the Mediterranean.

Is This a Huge Million-Year-Old, Man-Made Underground Complex?

(Read the article on one page)

By Tara MacIsaac , Epoch Times

Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Yet many researchers have drawn attention to artifacts and various other evidence of advanced civilizations long before this, even millions of years earlier.

Among them is Dr. Alexander Koltypin, a geologist and director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology.

Koltypin has analyzed ancient underground structures across the Mediterranean and identified similarities that lead him to believe the sites were once connected. Furthermore, the weathering of the structures, their material composition, and the geological features and historic changes in the region, lead him to believe they were built by an advanced civilization hundreds of thousands or millions of years ago.

Archaeologists working in the region usually date the sites by looking at the settlements located on them or nearby. But these settlements were simply built upon existing prehistoric structures, Koltypin said.

“When we examined the constructions … none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine, and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around,” he wrote on his website.

He climbed a hill about 1,300 feet high near the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, central Israel. As he looked over the site, he recalled a similar feeling from when he had climbed to the top of the rock city Cavusin in Turkey.

 “I was personally convinced once again … that all these rectangular indentations, man-made underground structures, and scattered debris of megaliths were one underground-terrestrial megalithic complex which was opened by erosion to a depth of several hundred meters.”

Erosion and Mountain-Formation

Not all parts of the purported complex are still underground. Some have come far above ground with geological shifts throughout history—the ancient rocky towns of Cappadocia in Turkey, for example, which Koltypin includes in the complex.

Some parts may also be found under the Mediterranean Sea, as is indicated by structures along the coast.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

In central and northern Israel and central Turkey, Koltypin estimates the sites were exposed after an erosive cut into the Earth of several hundred meters (more than 1,000 feet).

“According to my estimates, such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years,” he wrote.

He hypothesizes that part of the complex was brought to the surface as a result of alpine orogeny (mountain-formation).

The composition of building materials at a site in Antalya, Turkey, which Koltypin calls the “Jernokleev site,” are also some 500,000 to 1 million years old by his estimate.

Archaeologists usually date the man-made structures at Jernokleev to the Middle Ages. But, Koltypin says the materials indicate a much older age.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years. — Dr. Alexander Koltypin, International Independent University of Ecology and Politology”

What he identifies as a pink “cement” includes in it man-made ceramic fragments and basalts of volcanic origin among other materials. The last time an active volcano would have been present in the region to provide the basalts would have been some 500,000 to 1 million years ago.


As a result of the Earth’s crust moving over distant ages, parts of the underground complex have been plunged under sea level, Koltypin said.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey, sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor,” he wrote. The nature of the deposits suggest the complex was underwater for a long time.

Similar Megaliths and Underground Entrances

The similar megalithic ruins at the various sites are part of what led Koltypin to surmise a connection between the sites, united in a giant prehistoric complex.

Megalithic blocks weighing tens of tons seem to have at some point likely been attached directly to the underground constructions, he said. “This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.”


There's an ideological war going on the most people know nothing about.

For the story of the archaeological orthodoxy's 10-year attempt, and failure, to stop the Bosnian Pyramids Project, please feel free to visit:

"The Mysterious Anti-Scientific Agenda of Robert Schoch: Part 1 - The Bosnian Pyramid Complex"

For daily updates on discoveries in the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, please feel free to visit:

Semir Osmanagić

For recent interviews and mini-documentaries on the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, please feel free to visit:

Archaeological Park (videos 2014-2016)

For recent short (2.5-minute) scientific videos on various aspects of the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, including prehistoric Ravne Tunnel Labyrinth, please feel free to visit the playlist titled "Scientific Videos 2014-2015" on the (second) official Youtube channel of the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation:

BosnianPyramids Youtube Channel

For more on the anti-scientific work of Robert Schoch, please feel free to visit Part 2 of the expose on the archaeological orthodoxy's intrepid front-man, Robert Milton Schoch, who for 9 years has disparaged and/or shunned the Bosnian pyramids project and who has also, astonishingly, cast aspersions on the burgeoning science on the Yonaguni Monument:

"The Mysterious Anti-Scientific Agenda of Robert Schoch: Part 2 - The Yonaguni Monument 与那国記念碑"

And here's the astounding truth about the Piri Reis map -- a truly ancient map, on gazelle skin parchment, which accurately depicts the continent of Antarctica before it was fully covered by ice -- a map which Robert Milton Schoch, using his trademark "science by surmise," has attempted to debunk:

"Witchcraft Cartography and Clairvoyant Archaeology: A Review of Robert M. Schoch's 'Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations'"

And here's some information on Robert Schoch's "work" on the Great Sphinx:

"Trek to the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon - Part 2, December 4, 2014"

Jock Doubleday
Writer, Videographer, Independent Researcher, Stoneworker
Facebook Page Administrator (http://facebook.com/SemirOsmanagich)

The Bosnian Pyramids are a multi million dollar hoax.
In any case I'm not going to throw my money away there!

Tsurugi's picture

Dr. Schock is anything but "unscientific". His willingness to risk his academic credibility and career in order to stay true the science of geology was amply demonstrated in the matter of the Sphinx enclosure. He made no friends in academia in that matter...but he became a favorite among alternative history reasearchers and enthusiasts.
Later, his expressed views that the Bosnian pyramid and the Yonaguni monument off the coast of Japan were natural formations angered the alternative people. Again, it appears that his primary goal was to follow the science as he saw it, regardless of who it might upset.

Perhaps he is incorrect in his assessments of the Bosnian site. I don't know. But being wrong does not make him unscientific.

Tsurugi -Thank you for that. I too think Dr Schock simply tells it the way his scientific expertise dictates, regardless of the pressure being applied to toe the scientific party line. Science as a whole has become too politically correct, its 'image' such as it is, has been progressively tainted by successive hiding of inconvenient truths and undeserved destruction of promising careers. Politics and advertising sank into the ghastly miasma of lies, deceit and half-truths long since, and science seems set to strip off its one-time cloak of respectability and wander, a naked laughingstock, into the world.

Tsurugi's picture

It definitely has that "emperor's new clothes" thing going on right now, that's for sure.


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