Vikings. Summer in the Greenland coast circa year 1000.

Remote Sensing Satellite Uncovers Astonishing New Evidence of Viking Presence in Newfoundland, Canada

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Ancient Origins Guest Writer, William James Veall, is far afield from his usual research concerning Trans-Oceanic visitations to South America. On this occasion he turns his attention towards the northern hemisphere where it is historically reported Phoenician Seafarers traded for mineral products with Scandinavian countries.

The recent discovery of a second pre-Columbian (Viking?) iron ore working plant at Point Rosee in Newfoundland, thought to have been active at least five centuries before Christopher Columbus 'discovered' the Americas, intrigued William such that he was curious to find out if there was a firm trading and exploration alliance between the Vikings and the Phoenicians with Newfoundland. His investigations using remote sensing satellite photography once again puts into the spotlight the question; Were the Vikings really the first Europeans to set foot on the Americas?

Ancient Voyagers

Instead of just randomly 'sweeping' the whole of Newfoundland in the blind hope of finding something, anything, that remotely appeared to be Viking or Phoenician, or indeed, any other culture's evidence—like Native North American or even Basque—I adopted the same basic principle to those when I uncovered the mass of inscriptive material on the Uruguayan coastline; deriving a likely landing point by selecting the shortest geodetic distance between the two immediately opposing landmasses, the West African coast and Uruguay.

In this current case, my hypothetical geodetic ran from a south-westerly point on the Greenland coastline, across the North Atlantic Ocean, and conveniently touched base on the tip of the northern Newfoundland/Labrador coastline.

FIGURE 1:  Map of the Island of Newfoundland recording how satellite scanning revealed inscriptive material and imagery suggesting Viking activity having taken place in more than just one center.

FIGURE 1:  Map of the Island of Newfoundland recording how satellite scanning revealed inscriptive material and imagery suggesting Viking activity having taken place in more than just one center.  (Copyright WJV 2016 )

Consulting a standard 'Stream Drift Chart', I believe voyagers from Greenland to Newfoundland almost certainly made use of the Labrador Current which, when ocean currents were favorable, would drift them past the very rugged and somewhat inaccessible rocky coastline of northern Newfoundland right into the mouth of the more peaceful Gulf of St. Lawrence.

In fact, it was exactly here on this point of the Island of Newfoundland that Vikings established a base; the famous L'Anse aux Meadows site. 

FIGURE 2:   Chart of the inscriptive material and imagery discovered on the Island of Newfoundland by William James Veall.

FIGURE 2:   Chart of the inscriptive material and imagery discovered on the Island of Newfoundland by William James Veall. (Copyright WJV  2016)

Figure 2a and Figure 2b in the above chart display a random selection of symbols (characters) exposed by remote sensing satellite photography over the region of L'Anse aux Meadows and Point Rosee respectively. Figures 2c - 2f inclusive, are pairs of symbols from L'Anse and Point Rosee which could indicate individuals names or places.

Figures 2g and 2h are rock cut inscriptions from Mistaken Point and Point Rosee respectively; their meaning remains unknown.

Each example has been transcribed as carefully as possible bearing in mind the vagaries of time, the condition of the base rock and, of course, the resolution of the satellite imagery.

It is true Viking Runes have a Phoenician parent system, but from the satellite photographs I cannot positively conclude who actually inscribed the 'writing' depicted in the Figure 2 chart. Bear in mind, simply because Phoenician and Viking characters 'look' the same this does not establish a fait accompli. The Phoenicians may have simply traded with the Vikings and in doing so introduced their own 'international' system of 'writing', much eventually being adapted by the Vikings.

The very earliest Viking ' Elder Futark’ Runes date from AD 150 to AD 800. Assuming the inscriptive material in Figure 2 falls into the Elder Futark category, then logically speaking we could not have a 'first entry' date of literate Vikings into Newfoundland before AD 150.

However that said, ancient Norse Sagas claim Lief Eriksson was the first European to set foot on the Americas in Autumn  AD 986; if true then in my opinion the inscriptive material is likely a transition from 'Elder' to 'Younger Futark' of the period AD 800 onwards—which, as a time-frame marker, is the historically accepted beginning of the Viking Period.

Bog Ore

Bog ore iron mining was the Viking's summer (June - August) activity, hence any temporary dwellings built on Newfoundland only needed to be of turf construction. Thus far, satellite scanning shows no obvious evidence of ‘long stay' ancient stone dwellings.

Comments

There are some very disparate assumptions made in this article, that span different time periods, entirely different cultures and scripts. There are some Linear A elements with and Cretan hieroglyphs - but what they are doing in this article I have no idea, but then again there appears to be modern, archaic scripts all mixed together! Some observations.
Ancient trade networks could have been over some considerable distance, there are some ambiguities that can't be explained, such as: Linear A in Scandinavian silver mines, cocaine and tobacco in Egyptian mummification, but then again this could be a modern-day forgery and misinterpreted chemical analysis. Best stick to the facts for example, Lapis Lazuli mines are in Afganistan, that found its way into Minoan artefacts, that suggests the silk road existed circa 2000BC, doesn't mean that merchants went this entire distance, rather goods where traded through adjacent trading towns. The Minoans traded within the med, then came the sea people (plundering everying), the Phoenicians re-established trade to at least Spain. There is a Celtic string of trade between spain, to Britanny, and the British Isles. There is some iconography and archaeology linking trading islands across the med and the seafaring nations do have some shared culture/technology/history, but then again they traded with each other. As today, best follow the money that people will go to great length to acquire or in ancient times metal, unique single source commodities (papyrus, ivory, glass). Before as now, bulks are moved by ships. The Phoenician may have had magnetite, basically, iron that's been hit by lightening, pop it in a wooden bowl you have a compass, they shared some culture with the Minoans.

"... the Völvas ..." The Norns! Not völvas! A most unfortunate error, I was probably a bit shocked to learn that my ancestors were allegedly Phoenician.

"...some kind of contact ..." - that would be with an emphasis on "some kind of", ie. indirectly, as direct contact would require time travel.

"It is true Viking Runes have a Phoenician parent system,"

Really??? You are suggesting that Odin was a Phoenician? That Ask Yggdrasil was a Phoenician tree, and that the Völvas are Phoenician? Even that the spear of Odin, Gungnir, is Phoenician? That is the same as saying that the people of Scandinavia as well as their ancestors, all the way back to the very first person, are of Phoenician origin.

This is very interesting, and as I know of a _few_ other similarities between the Old Norse and the Phoenicians, I have sometimes thought that some kind of contact could have taken place among these two _different_ "sea peoples" as some like to say.

However, you are essentially suggesting in this article that they are the same - Norse tradition says that the rune is of Norse origin, so making the origin Phoenician in stead would logically imply that Norse is equal to Phoenician.

And that, even though none of the various rune alphabets look even remotely like the characters you have found. That is quite a mouthful. Of course it is possible just like any other thing that is not directly impossible, but it sure is an extraordinary claim.

But it is a also very controversial theory and it goes direcly against the sagas, which are the written accounts (fragments) of the history, worldview, and philosophy/religion of the Old Norse. The sagas are quite clear on this: The rune alphabet was given by Odin. There can be no misunderstandings. I will not elaborate on Odin here, just pretend that "it's just a name of some guy", that will do nicely. So, make of Odin what you will, the important point right here is that Odin is an integral part of Old Norse culture and not an external factor.

In other words: that statement contradicts Old Norse culture and tradition as we know it. But then we know that christians were responsible for putting our (oral) history into writing, and we also know that these christians were probably not of our culture themselves, and most likely even hostile to it. Much can have been omitted, rewritten, or even forged and made up.

It is not entirely unlikely that you may have a point, but the probability is low.

So, I have to say this: Evidence or it does not exist!

----------------------------------
Oh, and "Viking runes"??? There is no such thing. Afaik you would use the exact same types of runes when you went viking as when you did not. Perhaps you'd use more code (in the "encryption" sense) in a looting scenario, but use of code was normal, it was a popular pastime, not something that only occured during viking raids.

A note on language:
"Artifacts extracted (...) suggest Vikings were active b..."

No. The word viking means "to raid", no more, no less. You could not "be" a viking, as viking was an activity: something you _did_, not something you were. In Old Norse language, you would "go viking" just like today you go shopping. No people are called "shopping", not even "shoppers" as shopping is an activity, not an ethnic denomination.

It may well be the case that Norse people visited l'Anse, but it will never be the case that "vikings" visited as it is an activity and hence there is no plural form of the word.

The only possible way anyone might have "gone viking" to l'Anse is if (a) there was something to raid there, _and_ they were there with the sole purpose of raiding. If not so, they were simply Norse, and not on viking. Vikings have never existed, so there can be no such thing, given that it is an activity - it's just a very bad use of words.

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