Magnificent Gardens of Petra Discovered After 2,000 Years

Magnificent Gardens of Petra Discovered After 2,000 Years

(Read the article on one page)

Long forgotten gardens of the amazing city of Petra have been discovered after two thousand years. Wonderful fountains and a huge pool, which were at the heart of the gardens, were supported by advanced irrigation and water storage systems. This enabled the magnificent gardens to exist in the middle of the desert.

Haaretz reports that the excavations in the old capital of the ancient Nabataeans revealed a treasure, and is one of the most amazing findings the World Heritage site has yielded in decades. The researchers unearthed an advanced irrigation system and water storage system. These systems allowed people to survive, the city to flourish and the garden to blossom. Moreover, archeologists discovered fountains, ponds and a huge swimming pool dating back to the 1 st century BC.

The location of a monumental swimming pool, which reflects the sheer power and wealth of the ancient city.

The location of a monumental swimming pool, which reflects the sheer power and wealth of the ancient city. Credit: Leigh-Ann Bedal

The monumental gardens were constructed 2,000 years ago, when the city was renewed. The Nabataean capital was upgraded when it became one of the most important water stops of the region. In the heart of the desert of Jordan the city was shaded by vines, date palms, trees, and many other plants, identified through the discovery of nut shells and seeds, which were placed around the 44-meter-wide swimming pool. The unearthed gardens would have appeared as a paradise, an oasis in the dry and barren surroundings. The advanced hydro technology also allowed the inhabitants to harness as much water as possible.  

As Leigh-Ann Bedal, associate professor of anthropology from the Penn State Behrend College said:
"The pool marks the terminus for an aqueduct that transported water from one of the springs, 'Ein Brak, located in the hills outside of Petra. The pool’s monumental architecture and verdant garden served as a visual celebration of the Nabataeans’ success at providing water to the city center." [via Haaretz]

The magnificent site of Petra in Jordan.

The magnificent site of Petra in Jordan. Source: BigStockPhoto

During the excavations the researchers also discovered a shaft, which led water more than 10 meters downward. It was able to deliver water from the aqueduct system to the level of the pool. A system of underground channels created to help control runoff during the rainy season were also discovered. The entire system was composed of channels, ceramic pipelines, underground cisterns and water tanks. It brought enough water for farming and hygiene purposes.

Aqueduct channel showing rock cover that once covered the aqueduct.

Aqueduct channel showing rock cover that once covered the aqueduct. Photo courtesy of  Larry W. Mays

The Nabataeans were an ancient Semitic people dating back to the 6 th century BC, who inhabited northern Arabia and the Southern Levant.  Their homeland was possessed by the Romans in 106 AD and finally succumbed around 700 AD. As M.R. Reese from Ancient Origins explained in her article:

''The desert climate created agricultural difficulties for the Nabataeans, but they rose to the challenge, creating a sophisticated water collection system, which allowed them to build an impressive trade empire in the heart of Arabia.

The first records of the Nabataeans show that they lived in Edomite territory, although there is some dispute as to how and when the Nabataeans arrived there – some believe that they lived alongside the Edomites for hundreds of years, while others maintain that the Nabataeans migrated to the Edomite territory after the Edomites moved north. They eventually chose the site of Petra to build their city.

The biggest challenge for the Nabataeans was the dry, arid climate of the canyon in which Petra was located. This made agriculture challenging, as they had to work towards ways to ensure that there would be an adequate water supply for the inhabitants and to support whatever they planted. One method for gathering water was to plant a single fruit tree in the middle of an area that had been contoured into a shallow funnel.  When it rained, all water would flow down into the center of the funnel, and would be sealed in by the silt-sized sediment called loess, and the water would be preserved. But their impressive water channeling technology included many other processes, including the construction of aqueducts, terraces, dams, cisterns, and reservoirs, as well as methods for harvesting rainwater, flood water, groundwater, and natural springs.

Inside large cistern at the Nabataean city of Little Petra.

Inside large cistern at the Nabataean city of Little Petra. Photo courtesy of  Larry W. Mays

Using their sophisticated water technology, the Nabataeans were able to ensure a continuous water supply throughout the year. They had an intimate understanding of every possible source of water available to them, and of how to best monitor, harness, maintain, and utilize that water supply. They balanced their reservoir water storage capacity with their pipeline system, ensuring a constant water supply. The system design also utilized particle-settling basins to purify their potable water. The Nabataeans’ extensive understanding of hydraulics allowed them to create a system that maximized water flow rates while minimizing leakage. It is not surprising that this highly-advanced technology was used first to benefit the civil elite, eventually filtering down to the lower levels of society. ''

Comments

Still reading but before i forget, typo 2nd paragraph last sentence, a pool or pools*

This fact has been Well known for many years. It had been suspected but not definitively proven many years ago.
This is an important discovery (was an important discovery) and nothing should be taken away that it isn't.
This article should state the facts accurately or at least have a professional that knows the facts do the reporting.

The last picture showing the citern shows advanced stone works, I mean these blocks are huge and very well made, with sharp edged. Just incredible !

And so you bring to the table the mystery of the Megalithic structures all over the world ... built with a technology that we cannot replicate yet. As civilizations followed these mysterious peoples who created them, they often used the remaining structures as foundations of cultures we do know about. We have absolutely no explanation of the cultures that replicate themselves in many different parts of our globe. The closest explanation is: global destruction at the same time. More hard (stone) facts ignored & explained away by the official narrative.

It would be interesting to know what exactly the religion was in the first centuries of the first millennium (of our calendar) because the oldest mosques are all directed towards Petra. So we already can conclude that islam didn't start in Mecca. But was that proto-version of islam a kind of christianity; where they didn't see Jesus as the son of God but just as a 'prophet'? Science has already established that some 70% of the texts of the 'holy' books of islam are actually apocryphal judaistic and christian texts.

I mean of course: what the religion was there in Petra in the first centuries of the first millennium (of our calendar).

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

The old packhorse bridge in Carrbridge, Scotland
The oldest surviving packhorse bridge in the Scottish Highlands, the "coffin bridge" at Carrbridge in Inverness remains one of the most significant. Built in 1717, this packhorse bridge is located near the city of Inverness, capital of the Highlands, and was erected in an arch from "tooled rubble…springing from natural rock abutment".

Myths & Legends

Was the Heretic Pharaoh Akhenaton in Fact the Father of Modern Monotheism?
This passage may read like a passage from the Old Testament of the Bible; but, this is a quote from the Hymn of Aten, a work by Pharaoh Amenhotep IV better known as Akhenaton. This so-called heretic king was the only known Pharaoh in Egyptian history who believed in a monotheistic doctrine when most of the ancient world adhered to polytheism.

Human Origins

Was the Heretic Pharaoh Akhenaton in Fact the Father of Modern Monotheism?
This passage may read like a passage from the Old Testament of the Bible; but, this is a quote from the Hymn of Aten, a work by Pharaoh Amenhotep IV better known as Akhenaton. This so-called heretic king was the only known Pharaoh in Egyptian history who believed in a monotheistic doctrine when most of the ancient world adhered to polytheism.

Ancient Technology

New Revelations When 3,000-Year-Old Prosthetic Toe is Examined with Cutting Edge Technology
Egyptologists from the University of Basel have discovered details of production techniques and usage of one of the oldest prosthetic devices in history after re-examining it with the help of other experts. The find is nearly 3,000 years old and was discovered in a female burial from the necropolis of Sheikh ´Abd el-Qurna close to Luxor, Egypt.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article