Hirbat Midras, in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel, part of what geologist Dr. Alexander Koltypin hypothesizes to be a massive complex of prehistoric underground structures stretching across the Mediterranean.

Is This a Huge Million-Year-Old, Man-Made Underground Complex?

(Read the article on one page)

By Tara MacIsaac , Epoch Times

Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Yet many researchers have drawn attention to artifacts and various other evidence of advanced civilizations long before this, even millions of years earlier.

Among them is Dr. Alexander Koltypin, a geologist and director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology.

Koltypin has analyzed ancient underground structures across the Mediterranean and identified similarities that lead him to believe the sites were once connected. Furthermore, the weathering of the structures, their material composition, and the geological features and historic changes in the region, lead him to believe they were built by an advanced civilization hundreds of thousands or millions of years ago.

Archaeologists working in the region usually date the sites by looking at the settlements located on them or nearby. But these settlements were simply built upon existing prehistoric structures, Koltypin said.

“When we examined the constructions … none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine, and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around,” he wrote on his website.

He climbed a hill about 1,300 feet high near the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, central Israel. As he looked over the site, he recalled a similar feeling from when he had climbed to the top of the rock city Cavusin in Turkey.

 “I was personally convinced once again … that all these rectangular indentations, man-made underground structures, and scattered debris of megaliths were one underground-terrestrial megalithic complex which was opened by erosion to a depth of several hundred meters.”

Erosion and Mountain-Formation

Not all parts of the purported complex are still underground. Some have come far above ground with geological shifts throughout history—the ancient rocky towns of Cappadocia in Turkey, for example, which Koltypin includes in the complex.

Some parts may also be found under the Mediterranean Sea, as is indicated by structures along the coast.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

In central and northern Israel and central Turkey, Koltypin estimates the sites were exposed after an erosive cut into the Earth of several hundred meters (more than 1,000 feet).

“According to my estimates, such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years,” he wrote.

He hypothesizes that part of the complex was brought to the surface as a result of alpine orogeny (mountain-formation).

The composition of building materials at a site in Antalya, Turkey, which Koltypin calls the “Jernokleev site,” are also some 500,000 to 1 million years old by his estimate.

Archaeologists usually date the man-made structures at Jernokleev to the Middle Ages. But, Koltypin says the materials indicate a much older age.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years. — Dr. Alexander Koltypin, International Independent University of Ecology and Politology”

What he identifies as a pink “cement” includes in it man-made ceramic fragments and basalts of volcanic origin among other materials. The last time an active volcano would have been present in the region to provide the basalts would have been some 500,000 to 1 million years ago.


As a result of the Earth’s crust moving over distant ages, parts of the underground complex have been plunged under sea level, Koltypin said.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey, sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor,” he wrote. The nature of the deposits suggest the complex was underwater for a long time.

Similar Megaliths and Underground Entrances

The similar megalithic ruins at the various sites are part of what led Koltypin to surmise a connection between the sites, united in a giant prehistoric complex.

Megalithic blocks weighing tens of tons seem to have at some point likely been attached directly to the underground constructions, he said. “This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.”


There's an ideological war going on the most people know nothing about.

For the story of the archaeological orthodoxy's 10-year attempt, and failure, to stop the Bosnian Pyramids Project, please feel free to visit:

"The Mysterious Anti-Scientific Agenda of Robert Schoch: Part 1 - The Bosnian Pyramid Complex"

For daily updates on discoveries in the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, please feel free to visit:

Semir Osmanagić

For recent interviews and mini-documentaries on the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, please feel free to visit:

Archaeological Park (videos 2014-2016)

For recent short (2.5-minute) scientific videos on various aspects of the Bosnian Pyramid Complex, including prehistoric Ravne Tunnel Labyrinth, please feel free to visit the playlist titled "Scientific Videos 2014-2015" on the (second) official Youtube channel of the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation:

BosnianPyramids Youtube Channel

For more on the anti-scientific work of Robert Schoch, please feel free to visit Part 2 of the expose on the archaeological orthodoxy's intrepid front-man, Robert Milton Schoch, who for 9 years has disparaged and/or shunned the Bosnian pyramids project and who has also, astonishingly, cast aspersions on the burgeoning science on the Yonaguni Monument:

"The Mysterious Anti-Scientific Agenda of Robert Schoch: Part 2 - The Yonaguni Monument 与那国記念碑"

And here's the astounding truth about the Piri Reis map -- a truly ancient map, on gazelle skin parchment, which accurately depicts the continent of Antarctica before it was fully covered by ice -- a map which Robert Milton Schoch, using his trademark "science by surmise," has attempted to debunk:

"Witchcraft Cartography and Clairvoyant Archaeology: A Review of Robert M. Schoch's 'Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations'"

And here's some information on Robert Schoch's "work" on the Great Sphinx:

"Trek to the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon - Part 2, December 4, 2014"

Jock Doubleday
Writer, Videographer, Independent Researcher, Stoneworker
Facebook Page Administrator (http://facebook.com/SemirOsmanagich)

The Bosnian Pyramids are a multi million dollar hoax.
In any case I'm not going to throw my money away there!

Tsurugi's picture

Dr. Schock is anything but "unscientific". His willingness to risk his academic credibility and career in order to stay true the science of geology was amply demonstrated in the matter of the Sphinx enclosure. He made no friends in academia in that matter...but he became a favorite among alternative history reasearchers and enthusiasts.
Later, his expressed views that the Bosnian pyramid and the Yonaguni monument off the coast of Japan were natural formations angered the alternative people. Again, it appears that his primary goal was to follow the science as he saw it, regardless of who it might upset.

Perhaps he is incorrect in his assessments of the Bosnian site. I don't know. But being wrong does not make him unscientific.

Tsurugi -Thank you for that. I too think Dr Schock simply tells it the way his scientific expertise dictates, regardless of the pressure being applied to toe the scientific party line. Science as a whole has become too politically correct, its 'image' such as it is, has been progressively tainted by successive hiding of inconvenient truths and undeserved destruction of promising careers. Politics and advertising sank into the ghastly miasma of lies, deceit and half-truths long since, and science seems set to strip off its one-time cloak of respectability and wander, a naked laughingstock, into the world.

Tsurugi's picture

It definitely has that "emperor's new clothes" thing going on right now, that's for sure.

Thank you I enjoy your site so much

If you have links to his research notes, please post with the article. Lots of conjecture here. There is a mystery to be solved, and the ruins show awesome creativity and importance. But he is sounding like some of the old History 2 channel's shows, where they leap to conclusions that aren't supported by direct evidence. For example, ruts in the ground show heavy weights traversed the area over time. But in Rome, and Europe you can see somewhat similar ruts from regular, daily use of wagons and chariots. Reading about him was entertaining, but let's see some real detective work.

Tsurugi's picture

I completely disagree that "regular traffic" of horse-drawn carts could make such deep ruts in stone. I know that is the mainstream view, but it is absolutely preposterous.

My elementart school was builtin before 1920. The steps were noticeable worn and receding by students from generations walking on them. I have seen the same form event a decade or less wear.

Tsurugi's picture

Yes. Worn steps are a far cry from ruts with sharply defined edges that cut 10 inches into the stone, or 12 inches, or 24+ inches (like on Malta), and continue for kilometers, sometimes disappearing beneath the sea, only to re-emerge on a nearby island....or ruts that run right off the edge of a steep cliff, and continue on at the base of the cliff....or when there are multiple sets of ruts, all running back and forth across each other, all the same depth and clearly defined....

What I'm saying is, I did not mean to imply that stone could not be worn down. I meant that simple wearing of stone could not account for the nature of the ruts. This is demonstrable in many ways.

Yes, I agree. I too have been studying these phenomena for decades, and in fact, I am currently writing a novel based on my extensive years of study. I would love to contact this gentleman and hear his idea's in full. He would be a tremendous help with my book!!


I could confirm that these are not cart ruth as many peoples believe In a world of lie i do not think that peoples will understand what they were use for...they could not even believe that WE are scraping our spaceship Earth...so…?

Besides finding this whole subject fascinating, I figure I have to add a comment to it. Decades ago I was fortunate enough to be able to visit Italy with my parents and we visited several Roman ruins, including the city of Pompay. There we could see in the stone covered streets deep ruts, from exactly that, traffic of both chariot and wagon. The older the road, as long as it was continually used, the deeper the ruts, and to the point you would wounder how they could still be being used at that time without filling them up again somehow with gravel or something. For ruts that continue along and go into the sea, I would think would make them at the very least older than 7,000 years ago, or when ever the mediteranean was opened to the sea. Flooded and then dry again ruins that accumulated clay deposits might be indicative of having come through either the 'Noah's flood' which by the tale submerged most of the land for up to a full year, or by the one that the Egyptians referred to as having been part of the destruction of Atlantis and corresponds with the Clovis extinction event, being about 12,500 years ago. Then there's the man made artifacts dredged up off the coast of India that date to about 30,000 years ago....

The history of Geography more and more is pointing towards the destruction of civilizations happening all at once instead of on a gradual , evolutional basis, coal deposits coughing up occasional man made metal artifacts, trees penetrating though several layers of rock giving lie to the theories that these were laid down in different time periods, and so forth. The Andes suddently thrusting upward, and thus preserving an ancient city instead of the opposite happening like with the submergence of other coastal cities of the era around 9, 000 BC. Wars thoughout the ages have destroyed much, but there still is enough legends passed down by older civilizations that we know about the 'gods' and others that supposedly restarted civilizations from their adobes both in the sky and underneath the ground.
American indian legends and even some more modern prospectors, today have tales of a people still inhabiting underground areas.

To finally put forth some serious effort to exploring the underground areas of ruins is to be that much closer to knowing the truth about history and the peoples that came before our era. Places to look is anywhere there are legends of the ancient 'gods' adobes and operating areas, to include Baalbek, which I don't believe anyone has excavated very deeply or found tunnels leading to the depths yet.

Tsurugi's picture

@White Eagle:

Pompeii is an excellent example. Those ruts were made in mud. The mud became the "flagstone paving stones" we see now after being baked beneath many meters of hot volcanic ejecta. Notice the pattern of the "paving stones" is the same pattern seen on mud that has dried and cracked.

Another clue that the roads were mud are the series of raised stones that can be seen in some places. Those are "stepping stones", they allowed people to cross the road without having to slog through mud a foot deep.

Almost of all archaeology and ancient history, whether official or not, is filled with conjecture.

No offense but the opening line:

"Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago."

If that were true, 'most' of them would be complete idiots. Who believes that?

Academia, it's what they teach.

I always thought humanity must be a lot older than anthropologists believe. To say modern man appeared 80,000 or so years ago seems too recent and I think half a million to a million years ago is more likely. Evolution couldn't have changed us from ape-man to modern man in such a short time, surely? In that time it could doubtless change skin color, muscle build, height etc, but not our whole form.

Thanks for this. There's erosion and then there's catastrophic erosion. If - as many suggest - these tunnel systems were constructed for shelter from various cosmic events, then the 'eroded' openings are likely to be much younger than 1,000,000 years. As LaViolette etc surmise, a date closer to 30,000 bpe is more likely for these and similar constructuons around the globe.
Keep up the Great Work!

Ancient aliens,the "gods" effects on establishing religions.

If there were dinasours roaming the earth a tunnel network would be a handy thing

The more I hear and see about complex artifacts the more I'm convinced that there were several human civilisation's before us, what if the K2 boundry was the result of a global nuclear war (like the one coming if clinton get's into the whitehouse). I have no doubt there will be a lot of negative comment's about this post BUT nobody really knows for sure

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