Elongated Skull in Paracas

Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released – with incredible results

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Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru.  It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls.

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while cranial deformation changes the shape of the skull, it does not alter its volume, weight, or other features that are characteristic of a regular human skull.

The Paracas skulls, however, are different.  The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening. They also contain only one parietal plate, rather than two. The fact that the skulls’ features are not the result of cranial deformation means that the cause of the elongation is a mystery, and has been for decades. 

Artistic - Elongated Skull

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore / Ciamar Studio

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of the local museum, called the Paracas History Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of the Paracas skulls, allowed the taking of samples from 5 of the skulls. The samples consisted of hair, including roots, a tooth, skull bone and skin, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. Samples from three skulls were sent to the geneticist, although the geneticist was not given any information about what they came from until after the genetic testing, so as not to create any preconceived ideas.  

The results of a DNA analysis of one of the skulls are now back, and Brien Foerster, author of more than ten books and an authority on the ancient elongated headed people of South America, has just revealed the preliminary results of the analysis. He reports on the geneticist's findings:

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

The implications are of course huge. “I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” the geneticist wrote. He added that if the Paracas individuals were so biologically different, they would not have been able to interbreed with humans.

The result of this analysis is only phase one of many phases of analysis due to take place.  The next tests will involve having the initial test replicated, and conducted on other skulls, so that the results can be compared to see if there are any specific Paracas characteristics. We will update when more details emerge.

Watch the video interview with Brien Foerster revealing new details about the genetic analysis.

Featured Image: An elongated skull found in Paracas

By April Holloway


Classic case of not seeing the trees through the science . Common sense tells you these skulls are not human , at least compared to us . To look at these skulls there can be no question they belong to a completely different being , its called comparative anatomy which must go along with the DNA results

I beg to differ, this story is OUT so we can discuss......you certainly aren't the head honcho of this forum/blog so pls don't tell ppl to remain quiet and let the "big boys" talk. The same Scientists that have kept this information suppressed from us for modern time.

I personally don't trust these so called "Reputable scientists" one iota, so pls ppl KEEP On discussing this amongst ourselves, as this is the only way it will gain the attention it deserves.

He makes it clear that just because the skulls had a greater volume, already demonstrates not be accomplished by techniques lengthen the skulls, because with this technique is only possible to change the format and not the volume.
The volume of the human skull does not change .....
Only with this simple fact is not necessary to make 1 million tests to know that they are not human, are not our ancestors, they lived 3,000 years ago and is not part of our evolutionary process.

Archaeologists of repute have had these skulls in front of them for a very long time, it took someone with no training or experience in archaeology to point out the fact that many of them differ so drastically from known human skulls that they may represent something other than just human. As it turns out anything that differs from the assumed evolutionary process is automatically thrown out or overlooked by mainstream science today and that's not how science is suppose to be conducted.

Until the genetic testing is complete, and more solid evidence is available, the key point in the article (imo) is this statement: "The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening." Cranial capacity is an important piece of empirical evidence.

aprilholloway's picture

Yes, particularly considering peer-reviewed scientific studies have shown that practices of intentional cranial deformation do not alter the overall volume of the skull.

Perhaps. The answer is in the water.

Tsurugi's picture

"Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts." -Richard P. Feynman

The Earth is FLAT, I tell you!!! Said a great "Scientist" once upon a time.
....oh...wait....uuhhhhh, I meant that it's flat in some areas. LOL
Let's keep an open imagination and see what turns up, shall we. There have been so many scientific "facts" proven false in the last decade, that, for me, all bets are off.

The "truth" changes.

Also exists the Starchild Skull whose DNA already shows variance with ours as do it's physical characterisitics.

Not surprising when you learn that in this Dern Universe, in this Great Time, a Great Time being 310.4 trillion tears, humankind was created over 100 B I L L I O N years ago. Source.. The Pleiadian Mission by Randolph Winters based on www.theyflycom.

If you want to believet the Smitsonian myth that your great great grandparents were chimps 4 million years ago, and that we are 'alone', that's your problem.

Thomast, You are not educated in the field of genetics. Not your fault... You can totally get a phd in something and still not know genetics, but be highly educated. So the problem lies in trying to comment about things you don't understand. My advice: just don't.

I agree 100%. Take the time to learn what's factual instead of trying to prove a theory is the most logical way to learning what we don't yet have knowledge of.

One Spirit of Universe's picture

You mean like the lamestream academics use to do...

One Spirit of Universe

What do you mean by lamestream academics?

What do you think I mean. The corrupt one's off course and the one's that don't see the big picture.
Testimonies is good enough to put people in prison to day, so testimonies from the old text should have a higher value than the lamestream academics give them credit, they can't prove it's just fiction stories. They just think they are better than anyone else to determine the truth and that's ARROGANT. Do your own research, trust your own conclusions.

So like mainstream scientists today you also say " Whip the horses eyes so that he may see "


Interesting info on these particular elongated skulls. The dedgraded state of the DNA due too fragmentation giving a less then hoped for set of datas, I assume can be mitigated, by the testing of other comparable skulls. Hopefully they will be from a set found in the same area with similar physical characteristics to increase the chance the peoples were closely related genetically. Then perhaps a more complete picture of the DNA can be assembled. Another source stated the DNA was so dissimilar from that of other contemporary species as to make successful cross breeding improbable. That could explain the dying out of the race as the dating pool collapsed. It would be interesting to ascertain if they were 36 or 38 chromosomal species.

Just because these unique skulls bore only one paretial plate doesn't mean they did not have a left/right brain. Seen one skull at a local college that bore no crainial sutures! Very odd, no doubt it was an some genetic anomally.

Quentin, I think that the primary problem in all of the New Age archaeology evidence is that mainstream archaeologists just do not investigate it with the same rigour as their "regular" work. At least, they investigate it enough to either debunk it or to justify no further comment.
Unfortunately, none of the debunking arguments that I have read indicate any real practical familiarity with the bulk of New Age evidence. In addition, mainstream archaeologists are the last to talk outside the box, even though a few of them think outside of it. Their careers will be in jeopardy if they even talk that way, much less publish. This is the way it has been for all scientific advancement, there is nothing new under the sun.
The lack of a parietal suture(s) could be due to normal ossification with great age. However, the suture lines are always still visible, especially under radiographic examination. The lack of a parietal suture could indicate that the birthing mother was quite large in relation to the newborn baby, or perhaps no biological mother was involved at all. In any case, the evidence really is there and it is true so we have a mystery to solve. Regards, Ian.

Perhaps one should not be such a stick in the mud and belittle others opinions. Archaeologists of repute??? Their story is as it always has been and always will be and anyone who says differently will be shunned and kicked out of the club. I’ve seen reputations ruined because someone dared to make a discovery that doesn’t fit into their neat little box. Do you realy think they will even allow it into a scientific journal? Not a chance. Either it’s a bound head or a birth defect period. That’s what they have said for years and the evidence will be dismissed as contaminated. That’s the way they think and act. 


All true, but get this....I posted the information about the DNA testing release on the Peruvian skulls on GRAHAM HANCOCK'S Facebook page, and he put it down saying it was unconvincing. I don't know exactly how much convincing he needs beyond the obvious humanoid nature of the skulls and the DNA results that back that up. It surprised me for a man academia has panned forever for his theories and who has resisted that. When I posted more information from another site, Graham deleted my posts. Would we call this censorship???

“When I posted more information from another site, Graham deleted my posts. Would we call this censorship???”

I would.  GH has contributed a lot to his field and is certainly deserving of respect, but IMO he does occasionally dabble in absurdity.


I'm sorry to say I have to agree. I expected more.

How is the result of a blind genetic test a "speculation.

Is it because the Paracas skulls have mtDNA with mutations and to be unknown in any human, primate, or animal? I suppose that is scary stuff for those who are afraid to look under their own bed for a missing sock.

The same paranoia was seen with the Homo Floresiensis claiming it was merely a microcephalic anomaly. The Paracas skull size itself presents some evidence that these people were indeed different.

« I have always been disappointed by those who take these speculations and then later spout them as facts, but never retract them when found to be wrong. »

You describe exactly how archeology is working :). Making speculations and then later spout them as facts.


Look at the reliefs of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and their children (the children being most telling of all). These short term outside rulers of Egypt are obviously of the same species. Look at their body shapes. They are quite different.

Are you referring to this relief? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Akhenaten,_Nefertiti_...

If so, it is VERY telling that what appear to be their children or babies, appear like miniature version of fully developed adults, unlike homo sapien sapien babies which start chubby, big headed, short limbed, gradually growing into the 'adult' body type.

Truly interesting and different.

Much more likely that it will be rationalized that they are much older than 3,000 years and the rationalization will be called a "discovery". That's usually how these kinds of things play out in archaeology.

The word fabulous is being used correctly within these comments as the story as it stands offers no scientific proof at this time. It refers to initial mDNA testing but fails to release information in a scientific manner, the most said is that it was unlikely that they could breed with Human beings? Duh! We cannot breed with our closest non human relatives, the apes. and I am not sure if all species of ape can breed together either. I have not heard of any Orangpanzies as example, however I guess that mad scientists have tried to produce them. (for the sake of science) We all know that horses and donkeys can produce offspring but generally the result is infertile. We also know that other species of "man" existed and perhaps some were close enough to allow some kind of breeding, perhaps some were greatly gifted and wise, (I would hope so) but when push comes to shove the clever little upstarts (us) pushed everything else aside and have become the dominant species on Earth. Did we get a wee push from extra-terrestrial beings? Well maybe, it might do us good to find out that we are not here purely by chance, but then again is that what we want to hear? Religious and spiritual leaders have been telling us that for thousands of years. We don't want to listen to them so why the hell should we listen to scientists who are groping their way in the dark?
For information, there may be evidence of heavenly interference in 4,000+ year old scripture, not just the story of creation, take a look at -The Sons of God and the Daughters of Men (Genesis 6:1-8).

I don't see how appealing to extra-terrestrial beings helps. It becomes some kind of infinite regression. Did those extra-terrestrial beings get a start up from other from extra-terrestrial beings, who in turn got help from yet other extra-terrestrial beings? It had to start somewhere, so why not on earth? Why push it back when it does not help with the answer to the question of how it all began? Perhaps if we push these extra-terrestrial helps back far enough we come face to face with the original extra-terrestrial creator.

Tsurugi's picture

I would say there are two distinct questions: "How did it all begin?" and "How did we begin?"

These questions are distinct and separate and IMO should be asked separately. If they both point to a single answer(God, accident, etc.), it won't matter that they are asked separately.
But if they don't point to a single answer(universe is accident, we are not, or vice versa, etc.), that is important information that could be missed or confused if the questions aren't separated.

My point is not necessarily to defend the "appeal to ETs" but to point out that you appear to conflate the two questions. Answering "How did we begin" does not answer "How did it all begin"...and if it turns out that life on earth--or just humans in particular--are a result of some ET project or whatever, that is extremely important to know even though it tells us nothing of how the Universe got going or how the hypothetical ET beings came to be....

Why do you think that a non-split skul plate indicates a non-split brain?

I totally agree with your comment and personally believe they actually are much older than 3,000 years. The only thing I really wonder about is if the media will, in fact, ever report the news. As I'm sure you and many others know, anything out of what the "mainstream" believes is either dismissed, kept in a secret room somewhere, or disputed by the collective of mainstream scientists.

Asians can hear, and see what you’re visually thinking.
THIS IS NOT A JOKE OR A MEME! This is the absolute complete truth!!!!

Asians hide their mind reading abilities by having completely expressionless faces so they don’t accidentally show facial expressions when people think things they don’t like, find funny, astonishing, etc, and Asians segregate so their not nearly as susceptible to that happening.
Asians also segregate, and are untalkative to avoid accidentally saying things that are similar to what people are thinking and going to say.

All Asians are keeping their mind reading abilities a secret, they don’t want ANYONE to know they can read minds! They value hiding it more than their own lives!!!

Try thinking, and visually picturing things as wild as you can when you are around Asians, it works if you try enough!!!
Also look for Asians who give people dirty/particular looks for what appears to be for completely no reason.



If you are being serious you really need to calm down mate. A whole race of ppl can NOT read minds, I'm only telling you this so you don't get really paranoid about it, as it is not happening. I do believe certain ppl of every race have enhanced reception of others thoughts/feelings. If you are feeling this about all asians a lot, pls consider telling a professional person you trust a lot who won't just fire a loads of meds into you.

All races have this split between open-minded (called naked in the Bible) and observers which is pretty much everybody else. This split - based on mental communication and senses - is ancient and cause of all religions, of people playing God over other people, the ultimate slavery of telekinetic people over open-minded ones.

The psychokinetic people are the ones who have ruined themselves to achieve better senses/projections in "mountains", these are the ones who are behind all the alien-crap, religion, new age, insane asylums, deceitful despotic governments (power) ruining democratic governments (authority vs power) and ultimately prefer open-minded slaves who call them Gods. They are pathological liars who claim to be older than us and even to have "made" us when in fact we came before them, broadcasting came before projection and it is ridiculous to claim otherwise. They will start calling you a Jew, threaten you like mad and then start to blame you for everything and I mean everything, anything they can to confuse you and appeal to your sense of guilt or fear. They will invade your mind, falsify your thoughts, in order to overtake you and turn you into a puppet. If you are not strong and able to distinguish your thoughts from their injections and you start to believe anything they say they will make you mad in order to discredit you against other people and break you. So know your own thoughts!

It is open-minded people that provide them with authority that functions as advertized without deception, as opposed to pure degenerative power-based pecking orders. It is us that allowed them to rise from running around butt naked in amazonian jungles to begin with and it is us that gave them society. Yet they turn around an do this to us and dare to call it natural.

Without us they live in a world without trust, a paranoid world, a world of vertical group separation based on wits, money, looks, and senses, which without exception cumulates to war between classes, a world where doctors start poisoning their patients and where they start poisoning each other like mad and degrade themselves over generations. This has happened many times before.

If only they could respect us for what we bring into society instead of turning into this poison spewing rapists and serial murderers with God complexes as they always do. But they don't and majority of those observers and projectors sit idle by while the lunatics break up the floor underneath them. Not only are god-complexes and mental attacks not openly illegal but we are without any social or legal backing against these people. Talking about this openly results in being deprived of all rights and put unto asylum so hide your identity when talking about this openly.

So beware of them and don't eat/drink anything they hand to you personally, buy food/drink in random stores and seal it using randomized pad-locks pressed in clay, If you have money and they haven't started ruining your social and work life arrange a home with underground shelter or in a steel freight container where you can sleep and think in peace. Because when they reveal themselves and start attacking you you will have no peace.

I hope you hear this and copy this because I have put myself into further danger by writing this. They have already murdered my dad, burned my lungs, poisoned me repeatedly, had my dentist drilled holes into my teeth without filling them back up and I have caught my coworkers putting something into my drink. Yet I get no response from authorities and no justice, even with physical evidence.

Could it be possible that head-binding fused the parietal skull bones together during early infancy? What are the measurements proving increased cranial capacity?

Could it be possible that head-binding fused the parietal skull bones together during early infancy? What are the measurements proving increased cranial capacity?

looks egyptian..or similiar to.

Nephilim or hybrid of human/Nephilim ....damn the Smithsonian cover up'' if it doesn't fit in the evolution agenda ....bury it in storage '' real history without filtering is needed so let it fly ,Wilbur !

Just a thought for the "way out there" alien addicts who get excited by this "proof"- why would a race with the science required to cross space revert to a simple agrarian life here on Earth and make simple clay pots and scribe out earth glyphs? Did they magically forget all their technology? Forget where they parked their flying saucer? Please think it through.

johnblack's picture

Ken, could you try to be more polite to people that have a different opinion than you? Alien addicts is not a proper way to address anyone – especially anyone with a more open mind than you.

Now, if aliens do exist and have visited earth, do you really believe that you are in a state to answer these naive questions?

A proud humanity, full of arrogance, certainty of knowing everything, racism, violence, nationalism etc. Do you really think that you can explain the why’s of an alien race thousands or even million years older than us? For me listening to such questions is like listening to an ape explaining why humans act they way they do and how their technology works.

And by the way I am not questioning IF an alien race exist in the Universe, this is a common knowledge amongst scientists and a statistical impossibility not to exist, the only thing someone can question is if they have visited us.

Peter Harrap's picture

see below

Peter Harrap's picture

No, not knowledge JB, no. Belief yes, possibility, yes, but knowledge, no.

Knowledge is certainty, not theory.

THe existence of beings on earth with different skeletons to us was never presumed to prove Aliens or visitors from space. They were and are still assumed, again without any knowledge or proof to be what we are evolved and/or descended from.

And dont all scream DNA evidence, because DNA is a common stuff in various kinds and forms and part of what life gets created from. WE all breathe the same air and are yet different

Creation  involves using  various ingredients and cooking up something different to something else made with the same ingredients, like pots made from clay.

The pots are different shapes but the same potter made them all.  The same processes are visible in the myriad of insects and butterflies and plants, all of which are separate creations. They are NOT related to one another or descended from each other at all.

Picasso created lots of different things, for example. You might recognize that he made them, but they are each of them a separate creation. End of.

They are all sparate creations because if Darwin were correct there would be only one ape left- us, and one sucessful predator and one sucessful rodent and one sucessful ant etc.  It would be a very boring planet indeed!!

Instead of which there are millions of creations all around you. Including people with these skulls




Just a thought for the "way out there" alien addicts who get excited by this "proof"- why would a race with the science required to cross space revert to a simple agrarian life here on Earth and make simple clay pots and scribe out earth glyphs? Did they magically forget all their technology? Forget where they parked their flying saucer? Please think it through.

This is beyond fascinating, I just want to consume every bit of info I can get. This article made the hairs on the back of my neck stand up. Wow, he says "the implications are huge" no doubt, that is exactly what blows me away about this, the implications. Whoa

Is the head formation the reason most high priest in Egypt wore those elongated head pieces?

A published genetic scientific paper on the Paracas dna exists by AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 141:208–221 (2010)

Pre-Columbian Population Dynamics in CoastalSouthern Peru: A Diachronic Investigation of mtDNAPatterns in the Palpa Region by Ancient DNA Analysis

The abstract is as follows Alternative models have been proposed toexplain the formation and decline of the south PeruvianNasca culture, ranging from migration or invasion to au-tochthonous development and ecological crisis. To revealto what extent population dynamic processes accountedfor cultural development in the Nasca mainland, or wereinfluenced by them, we analyzed ancient mitochondrialDNA of 218 individuals, originating from chronologicallysuccessive archaeological sites in the Palpa region, theParacas Peninsula, and the Andean highlands in southernPeru. The sampling strategy allowed a diachronic analysisin a time frame from approximately 800 BC to 800 AD. Mi-tochondrial coding region polymorphisms were success-fully analyzed and replicated for 130 individuals and con-trol region sequences (np 16021–16408) for 104 individu-als to determine Native American mitochondrial DNAhaplogroups and haplotypes. The results were comparedwith ancient and contemporary Peruvian populations toreveal genetic relations of the archaeological samples.Frequency data and statistics show clear proximity of theNasca populations to the populations of the precedingParacas culture from Palpa and the Peninsula, and sug-gest, along with archaeological data, that the Nasca cul-ture developed autochthonously in the Rio Grande drain-age. Furthermore, the influence of changes in socioeco-nomic complexity in the Palpa area on the geneticdiversity of the local population could be observed. In all,a strong genetic affinity between pre-Columbian coastalpopulations from southern Peru could be determined, to-gether with a significant differentiation from ancienthighland and all present-day Peruvian reference popula-tions, best shown in the differential distribution of mito-chondrial haplogroups. Am J Phys Anthropol 141:208–221, 2010.VVC2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Pre-Columbian Population Dynamics in CoastalSouthern Peru: A Diachronic Investigation of mtDNAPatterns in the Palpa Region by Ancient DNA AnalysisLars Fehren-Schmitz,1* Markus Reindel,2Elsa Tomasto Cagigao,3Susanne Hummel,1and Ber nd Herrmann11Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach Department of Zoology and Anthropology, Historical Anthropology and HumanEcology, University of Goettingen, Goettingen 37073, Germany2German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Commission for Archaeology of Non-European Cultures (KAAK),Bonn 53173, Germany3Departmento de Humanidades, Pontificia Universidad Cato´lica del Peru´, Lima 32, Peru´

"mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far." A "skull deformity" repeated in other cultures, for example, Egypt. So, you are saying, stories of aliens in Sumerian, Indian and Egyptian hieroglyphics, as well as in GENESIS and the BOOK OF ENOCH are just "fantasies"? For crying out loud, just how much evidence do you need?

Kwgrid's picture

The article states that this skull indicates that the brain was not split.  This brings up many questions and also tends to confirm statements made about 40 years ago that there were people on this planet that did not have the split brain we are familiar with and they had abilities we would consider miraculous.  The theory goes that a massive radiation bombardment impacted DNA and led to the split brain.

I take exception to the use of the word 'mutation.'  How do we know this isn't an original?


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