A 15th century depiction of Scota’s voyage from Egypt.

Scota: Mother of Scotland and Daughter of a Pharaoh

(Read the article on one page)

During the 1440s, a Scottish chronicler, Walter Bower, sought to trace the history of the Scottish people from the earliest times. The result of his endeavour was the creation of a compendium of Scottish history, the Scotichronicon. Perhaps one of the most astonishing claims made by Bower in his Scotichronicon is that the Scottish people were actually descendants of the ancient Egyptians, and could trace their ancestry to the daughter of an Egyptian pharaoh, Scota.

The Moses Connection to Scota

The story of Scota begins with a Greek king by the name of Gaythelos. In one version of the story which involves Ireland, Gaythelos is known as Gaodhal Glas (the word ‘Gael’ is said to be derived from his name), and was originally from the region of Scythia. It is also said that Gaodhal Glas lived during the time of Moses, andthe latter is said to have cured the former when he was bitten by a serpent.

Gaodhal Glas was also promised by Moses that no serpent or other poisonous creature will inhabit the western island that his posterity would inhabit one day. One of Gaodhal Glas’ grandsons, Niul, was invited into Egypt as an instructor by a pharaoh, and eventually married one of his daughters, Scota (Both ‘Scotland’ and the Roman name for Ireland, ‘Scotia’, are said to be derived from her name).Niul and Scota’s people were later driven from Egypt by a later pharaoh, and wandered around the Mediterranean until they reached Spain.

During the rule of Miled / Milesius (whose wife was incidentally also a pharaoh’s daughter by the name of Scota), these people heard about Ireland, and believed it to be the island foresaw by Moses. Although Miled died in Spain, his wife and children eventually reached and settled in Ireland.

Milesius and Scota

Milesius and Scota ( J. Fitzpatrick )

Irish and Scottish Origins Intertwine

This legendary origin of the Irish people is also shared by the Scots. For the Scots, however, the story did not end in Ireland. From Ireland, the descendants of Niul and Scota travelled to the west coast of Scotland, battled and defeated the Picts, and became the Scottish people. This version of Scottish lineage can also be found in the Declaration of Arbroath, an important document written in 1320 by the barons and noblemen of Scotland requesting the intervention of the Pope on their behalf during the Wars of Independence. In the second paragraph of the document, it is written:

Most Holy Father, we know and from the chronicles and books of the ancients we find that among other famous nations our own, the Scots, has been graced with widespread renown. It journeyed from Greater Scythia by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Pillars of Hercules, and dwelt for a long course of time in Spain among the most savage peoples, but nowhere could it be subdued by any people, however barbarous. Thence it came, twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea, to its home in the west where it still lives today.

The Tyninghame Copy of the Declaration of Arbroath (1320)

The Tyninghame Copy of the Declaration of Arbroath (1320) ( Wikimedia Commons )

Scota by Another Name

Not everyone agrees that the Scots originated from Scythia, however. One writer, for instance, speculated that Gaythelos / Gaodhal Glas was neither a Greek king, nor a Scythian, but an Egyptian pharaoh himself. In Scota, Egyptian Queen of the Scots , Ralph Ellis traces the story of Scota and Gaythelos to a 3rd century BC source, Manetho’s Aegyptiaca.

Using this ancient source, it has been argued that Scota was actually Ankhesenamun, the widow of Tutankhamen. Gaythelos, on the other hand, has been argued to be Ay, the successor, and according to Ellis, also the father of Tutankhamen. Due to religious conflict, Ay’s reign was cut short, and the pharaoh and his court were soon forced into exile. Like the Irish legends, Ay and Ankhesenamun wandered around before settling in Spain. Several generations later, there was a migration to Ireland, and thence to Scotland.


Only one problem with that... Skythia is Skye in the Hebrides, home of the Ebra (Hebrew) and Hispania is Lochaber, around Ben Nevis, formerly known as Mount Ispanis and the River Ispanis, now the River Spean (Spain)... as seen online in the old Scottish maps on the National Library of Scotland's website The Egypt in question was England, where there are 14 places known by that name, it was the Land of Ham (Ammon) and the homeland of the Ægyptians... the Gypsies. The Faragh - the Pharaoh - was a ‘Celtic’ clan chief, as was Fenius (Phoenicians) the Irish King who "hailed from Skythia - in the North” - that’s to the north of Ireland. The Pillars of Hercules are the Paps of Jura - the original IONA - and those Hebrew migrants, the Scots/Phoenicians settled finally "in their homelands in the West, where they still live to this day”... the quotes are from the opening lines of The Declaration of Arbroath. The ‘homeland’ in question is Galloway, once Galilee, the Land of the Kenites from Loch Ken... the Tynklers of Little Ægypt - or the ‘King’s Kindly Tenants’ as the Bruce called them when he gave them the four towns of Lochmaben “in perpetuity” for saving the day for him. The Tynklers formed the first Craft Guilds, from which eventually sprang Masonry. If you would like more clarification of this history, my book, ‘We ~ The Skythians - The Lie of the Land of Ægypt’ is to be republished on 11/11/15. There have been many lies told, but the truth is coming.

Egypt = England, Ægyptians = Gypsies ???
"There have been many lies told, but the truth is coming." .... you sound like an Jehova Withness and as far as i can see you use the same logic.

You sound like a troll... so why don’t you do a Google search on me and see what you find?

David Alan, do you see any correlation in the stories and timelines of Joseph, son of Jacob, and the stories of Ay? This is of great interest to me These concepts would perceive some Scottish clan descendants of the original 12 tribes. I am of the Fraser clan on my father's side, but unable to join any masonic organization with a library, as far as i know, because of my gender.

Autumn, I see every correlation with Jacob, who was named Israel at Peniel, if you know your Bible. Peniel Heugh Iron Age fort is near Ancrum in the Borders, where the oldest ‘Roman’ road in the world, Deer Street, crosses the River Teviot, a tributary of the Tweed. The place where the ancient ford crosses the river is called JERDON-FIELD, or Jordan, which is Hebrew means ‘ford’. On the north side of the ford are the remains of the 12 Harestanes stone circle. The Israelites put put up 12 stones when they crossed the Jordan, on their way to Jerusalem after the Exodus. The ‘Reed Sea’ is the Solway Firth, where the Gypsies used to cross at low tide to bypass the Roman Wall at its western terminus, into Palestine, which means ‘the Land between the Walls’ (Pales/fences). I obviously have much more detail, like Perthshire being Parthia (Persia) etc., but I’m sure I could answer any questions you have about family connections or Masonic histories.

You do NOT want to join a MASONIC?SATANIC worshipping LODGE! CHRIST is the foundation stone that the builders=Masons rejected and their all seeing eye on the Egyptian pyramid and their Lightbearer is Lucifer! He bore the light at one time til iniquity was found n him. But CHRIST is the LIGHT! DR. Raymond E Capt says the Scotts are an Isrealite tribe and its in the Scottish Declaration of independence. My great great grandfather wasof the Anderson?Andrews Clan of the Scottish lowlands and my grand mother was Irish from County Cork Ieland of the Twohig and Ballard Clans. Keep searching Sister.

Autumn what about 'Sisters of the Eastern Star'?

Very interesting post, David Alan Ritchie. Could you give me some sources? I didn't know the linguistic link Hebrides/Ebra. If you could suggest some reading, I would appreciate it.

The philogist Cyrus H. Gordon wrote a lot about ancient sea travels by semitic people such as the Hebrews and Phoenecians.

Gordon showed in Riddles in History the authenticity of many previously disputed semitic texts found in north and south America, by their internal riddles, that old forgers wouldn't have known about because linguists only figured them out in the last few decades.

The riddles included religious dedications and the author's name, in some cases. Some very complex, buried in actual text, and others jumbled into codes without actual textual readings.

Tom Carberry

How do I buy the book. Can't find it anywhere. Thanks

What are you rambling on about? The Scythians were Aryan or Teutonic, or simply Nordic. The Semitic people are Afro-Asiatic, they would have no business being at the crossroads of Indo-European civilization.

The Scythian patron haplogroup is R1a. My patronage is Norwegian, but it is R1a so it is also Scythian.

Are you trying to fit Northern lore into a Biblical picture? Can't be done, the Jew made up most of the Bible.

I am related to these people, going up to Adam and Eve of the Bible around 4000BC and down through Noah's son Japheth via his son Magog of the Bible and Scythia......eventually producing Niul Nemnach of Scythia husband to Belait Scota.... Whose son Goadhal Glas was stung of biten by a serpent and cured by Moses himself leaving a green scar. Alot of family stories and children aren't even in the Bible because they got lost through a period of time, killed before their kids new the family history..... My branch travels through many many many Kings and queens of Gotha Germany but because the current tree is lost to the really old one we don't know how or where we fit in....we all can be traced back to Noah through either HAM, SHEM, or Japheth sons of Noah of the Bible apparently as far as I have researched of my so called history....
Always know who you are and where your branch comes from. Alot of us are jafahamshems in one body a zillion times. Which is incest by the way....

Some of the things I've read here are obviously legitimate archaeological (or other) research, and others are obviously (to me) just bat-shit crazy. I enjoy learning about the former, but the latter makes me wonder when Uri Geller or "Cowboys vs. Aliens" or L. Ron Hubbard are going to show up. Is this science reporting, or just the facade for a boutique book publishing service?

Scots as descendants of Egyptian pharoahs? What?!? Didn't we already agree the British isles were populated by Viking invaders mixing with existing Britons who'd settled there long before?

someonesomewhere writes : "Didn't we already agree the British isles were populated by Viking invaders mixing with existing Britons who'd settled there long before?" yes, but where did these "existing Britons who settled there long before " come from....

That’s a good point, David, but since few people read the Irish histories they overlook the fact that Fenius came from ‘Skythia - in the North’ - which is to the north of Ireland. So, that means the Phoenicians (Fenicians) came from Skye, as stated in the Declaration of Arbroath as the origins of the Scots. So where was Atlantis and what happened to the Atlantans? Next you have to answer the Rhesus negatives question and where they came from. The sea level in the N. Atlantic rose 400ft between 10,000 - 5,000 years ago, creating the Scottish islands, which were inhabited long before Scandinavia was clear of ice as the archaeological record proves. The Hebrides is where civilisation restarted ofter the flood, until they were forced out by the nuclear winter created by Hekla exploding in Iceland 3,700 years ago. That’s when Terah (Thor), Abrahams father, headed south with his family to the land of Harran. That’s now called Arran, in the River Clyde, once known as the Hiddekel, one of the 4 rivers of Eden.
Somebody Somewhere... your perception of geography and history was given to you by the Roman Church, who named ALL the locations in the modern landscape we attribute to the Bible. Sadly, it’s all an elaborate lie that allowed them to control the world. The pyramids point mathematically to 3 places in Scotland, Skye, Calanais and Edinburgh...which means they point to the homeland of the builders, “who built a name (monument) for themselves lest they be scattered across the face of the Earth”... they built the pyramids as a mathematical map that points the way home. You have much to learn and even more to forget. My apologies, but you’ve been suckered, along with everyone else.

I really look forward to purchasing your book when available, thank you.

Hi there david. I have searched for your hard copy of your book and i cant find it anywere to buy. Im eager to read it. I think your foundings are astonishing. I wish there was more people in the world that would wake up to the deceit. I will buy your republished book when its out. Could you tell me were to buy the hardback copy? Also were your republished book will be on sale. Any reply greatly appreciated. Stay safe. Andy

Any joy finding this book? I was assured release on 11/11 but I cant find anything! So frustrating

I have waited and searched for this book for months, why are you so elusive?! Please how can we get a copy?

I think all your arguments are out in left field. Let me "suggest" a new and old perception of the Celtic Lands and their ancient origins i.e., the Tuatha De Danann: see two books, A) "Gods and fighting men..." by Lady Augustus Gregory: and B) "The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries," by Y.W. Evans-Wentz, doctor thesis, Oxford, 1911, see 1981 reprint. In other words, the Celtic Lands are all about the Unseen Universe---long story for another day.

Happy Holidays,

Reprinting or online availability of the book is awaited ...

Sorry for the delay in responding. My book will be available from next week through this website, if all goes to plan. It’s still under construction, but my article from The Heretic Magazine is there for a taster.

Foresaw is the present tense. Foreseen is the word you want.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

Ancient Places

On a chilly winter day in 1929, Halil Edhem, the Director of Turkey's National Museum, was hunched over his solitary task of classifying documents. He pulled towards him a map drawn on Roe deer skin. As Halil opened the chart to its full dimensions (two feet by three feet wide or 60 X 90 cm) he was surprised by how much of the New World was depicted on a map which dated from 1513.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article