Sumerian creation myth

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

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Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. ( world-myth.com)

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Featured image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

Related Links

Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological characters

Sumerian creation myth

Enuma Elish - The Epic of Creation

Sumerian Myths of Origins

Sumerian Deities

Related Books

     

By John Black

Comments

The featured image* shows -- among other things -- what must be one of the first wrist-watches in history. On the right arm of the sun god. It's a sundial.

*(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enki#mediaviewer/File:Chaos_Monster_and_Sun...)

how about we see it as a purely spiritual story/allegory..just to teach us the fact that the Gods that creates are also the ones that destroys...simples

It is important to know the history of the ancient members for us todays world. So it is the post We hangout very much, where individuals are going out of their way and meeting new people and establishing quality connections.Coming to Parties We do more for building a special relationships
Why? I believe because it is the path of truth, knowledge, acceptance, and Love. However, when I close my eyes, I see a world that is like this exactly, so I do not believe that the world will end when they say it does. I think it is the beginning of truths and Christ Consciousness and Love. I believe humanity will strive. I have read the Bible, however I read it differently from other people. I read it metaphorically. I believe it was meant to deceive us from what really is. The constellations also have meanings/ as well as relativity between the Gods.

I like the part where man was created to do the jobs the gods were burdened with. Sound familiar? We are giving birth to digital life. When will it appreciate us, when will it rebel, and when will it be independent, and when will they forget us. Because those things are inevitable.

This is why I Believe that Man was Interfered with in the beginning from a Human Race somewhat like Our own. From Somewhere inside the Milky Way Galaxy, Only reason being that it is more likely that they were. The Similarities between Creation Stories are Fascinating and too much alike to be Myths.. Always Created By The Spoken Word...

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