A scene on the west wall of the Osiris Hall at Abydos shows the raising of the Djed pillar.

Zep Tepi and the Djed Mystery: Backbone of Osiris - Part I

(Read the article on one page)

The Djed, by its very nature, is one of the highest mysteries in the Ancient Egypt history. It was built in the core of the so-called Cheops pyramid, just off the King Chamber, perfectly integrated in the monument symmetry.

Actually, scholars cannot yet explain what its original purpose was. There is a quantity of theories, which seem to have a great deal of reliability. Nevertheless, as is often the case, the official theory is the least convincing.

The Great Pyramid of Giza, or Cheops’ Pyramid

The Great Pyramid of Giza, or Cheops’ Pyramid (Nina Aldin Thune/ CC BY-SA 3.0 )

The Mysterious Djed

Egyptologists believe the Djed was built into the Great Pyramid with an engineering purpose due to its architectural peculiarity. In fact, its chambers should have had a specific function: unload the weight of the top of the monument, in order to avoid any structural effect on the King Chamber.

Diagram of the interior structures of the Great Pyramid. The djed is highlighted with the King’s Chamber.

Diagram of the interior structures of the Great Pyramid. The djed is highlighted with the King’s Chamber. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Along the years, alternative researchers have broken down, piece by piece, the Egyptologists’ proposal through very exhaustive reasoning focused on scientific and symbolic issues detected during the archaeological investigations.

Hieroglyphic symbols from left: the Ankh- symbolizing life, the Djed- symbolizing strength and stability, and the Was scepter- symbolizing power. Reliefs at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt.

Hieroglyphic symbols from left: the Ankh- symbolizing life, the Djed- symbolizing strength and stability, and the Was scepter- symbolizing power. Reliefs at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt. ( CC BY 2.0 )

If the Djed has not a structural function, as claimed by scholars, what was its initial purpose? Why did the ancient builders work so hard to arrange the heavy granite stones into the largest monument of Giza?

The Grand Purpose

To understand the Great Pyramid symbolisms and functions, we need to focus two basic assumptions proposed by scholars and alternative researchers. Scholars propose the Djed had a theological and ritual purpose, and alternatives’ theories suggest it was a technical and scientific device, in relation to higher sciences and technologies.   

The methodologies applied on the origins of the theories are very complex, because of their independence and chronological differences, although they are comprehensive and effective in explaining all hermeticism or tradition included in the monument.

‘The Djed was conceived as a technical-scientific device’ theory, for example, originated from alternative researchers’ interpretation of the builders’ purposes, while the theological-ritual hypothesis can be perceived as its consequence, because—according to scholars—it is not possible to join technological science and the pyramid’s age.  

Therefore, while recognizing the validity of the two lines of thought, I believe the alternative theory is much more persuasive.

The Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid of Giza leads up to the King’s Chamber.

The Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid of Giza leads up to the King’s Chamber. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

The scholars’ proposal is too tied up in the effort to respect an historical reconstruction, based on hypothesis—scientifically never shown—concerning mankind’s evolution.  Moreover, scholars have consistently refused all assumptions regarding the possible existence of a remote, highly evolved civilization both scientifically and technologically. Rather, they underestimate, more or less willfully, all scientific evidence integrated into the monuments of Giza, and the possibility that humankind's history could have followed a different path, completely dissimilar to that which we know.

READ MORE…

This is a free preview of an exclusive article from Ancient Origins PREMIUM.

To enjoy the rest of this article please join us there . When you subscribe, you get immediate and full access to all Premium articles , free eBooks, webinars by expert guests, discounts for online stores, and much more!

Top Image: A scene on the west wall of the Osiris Hall at Abydos shows the raising of the Djed pillar. ( Jon Bodsworth )

By Armando Mei

Comments

"This is a free preview of an exclusive article from Ancient Origins PREMIUM.

To enjoy the rest of this article please join us there"

Time to un-bookmark this website and stop telling everyone about it.

lizleafloor's picture

Hi Angle, thanks for your comment. We feel there is a wealth of excellent content on Ancient-Origins.net that is free to you and to everyone. We have been providing this free content for years, and are happy to continue to bring that to everyone, tirelessly. We’re also excited to showcase the quality efforts of our excellent guest authors, writers, researchers, experts and more on the Premium site – yes this requires member invovlement, but so far we’ve had AMAZING feedback and the support of many great people. You should check it out.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

The Three Distinct Scripts of Knossos: An Unfinished Epic
Linear A and Linear B are the names given to two sets of scripts from ancient Greece. A third known writing form of the time is Cretan Hieroglyphic. The Linear A script was used by the Minoan civilisation, which flourished on the island of Crete, whilst the Linear B script was used by the Mycenaean civilisation, which was centred on the Greek mainland. All three of these scripts were found in the same location at Knossos. Whilst Linear A has yet to be deciphered, Linear B has been found to be the oldest preserved form of written Greek that we know of at present.

Ancient Technology

New Revelations When 3,000-Year-Old Prosthetic Toe is Examined with Cutting Edge Technology
Egyptologists from the University of Basel have discovered details of production techniques and usage of one of the oldest prosthetic devices in history after re-examining it with the help of other experts. The find is nearly 3,000 years old and was discovered in a female burial from the necropolis of Sheikh ´Abd el-Qurna close to Luxor, Egypt.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article