Grinding stone, Dendera Temple, Egypt.

The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt

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Most people know of the great construction achievements of the dynastic Egyptians such as the pyramids and temples of the Giza Plateau area as well as the Sphinx. Many books and videos show depictions of vast work forces hewing blocks of stone in the hot desert sun and carefully setting them into place. However, some of these amazing works could simply not have been made by these people during the time frame that we call dynastic Egypt.

Up until the 7th century BC there was very little iron present in Egypt, as this material only became commonly used once the Assyrians invaded at that time; in fact, the ancient Egyptians regarded iron as an impure metal associated with Seth, the spirit of evil who according to Egyptian tradition governed the central deserts of Africa. A few examples of meteoric iron have been found which predate the Assyrians, but this consists largely of small ornamental beads.

Stone sculpture of Horus in Egypt.

Stone sculpture of Horus in Egypt. Source: Public Domain

The very basic problem that arises is that we find at many of the ancient sites in Egypt finely crafted works in basalt, granite, quartzite and diorite which are very hard stones that can't be shaped efficiently even by hardened iron tools. For most of the history of Egypt, the tools used to shape stone consisted of hardened bronze, which is much softer than iron. In this article, we will see examples of ancient hard stone workmanship which simply could not have been created during the dynastic Egyptian time frame of about 2500 to 1500 BC, when most academics believe they were made. Only a few examples will be discussed, and far more can be seen and read about in my Lost Ancient Technology Of Egypt book.

Using common tools to work stone in ancient Egypt.

Using common tools to work stone in ancient Egypt. ( Egyptraveluxe Tours )

A Famous Unfinished Obelisk

We start in Aswan, which is close to the border of Sudan, and it is here that we find the famous unfinished obelisk, and another smaller one, still attached to the granite bedrock.

The large unfinished obelisk in the Aswan quarry. (Author provided)

The large unfinished obelisk in the Aswan quarry. (Author provided)

Archaeologists claim the female ruler known as Hatshepsut, who came to the throne in 1478 BC sanctioned the construction of the bigger of the two. It is nearly one third larger than any ancient Egyptian obelisk ever erected. If finished, it would have measured around 42 m (approximately 137 feet) and would have weighed nearly 1,200 tons. The greatest questions that arise are: what tools could have been used to shape this massive stone monument, and how were the Egyptians planning on raising it out of the pit in which it sits, taking into account its immense size. To the former, most Egyptologists believe that round and hand-held stone dolerite pounders were the main tools being used.

In basic terms, any tool should have a greater hardness than the material being cut or shaped. The pink granite of which the unfinished obelisk is composed has a Mohs hardness that sits between the scale of 6 and 7, (the maximum being diamond at 10) and thus is more or less the same hardness as dolerite, making the latter a poor material for shaping the former. And bronze, the other tool substance known to and used by the ancient Egyptians is much softer, being on average 3.5 on the Mohs scale.

Dolorite pounders on top of a piece of pink Aswan granite. (Author provided)

Dolorite pounders on top of a piece of pink Aswan granite. (Author provided)

Other problems encountered at the unfinished obelisk is that there is very little room inside the trench to be able to create a hard blow, and such repeated efforts could also break the dolerite tool. According to engineer and expert machinist Christopher Dunn, author of Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs:

'The unfinished obelisk offers compelling indirect evidence regarding the level of technology its creators had reached – not so much by indicating clearly what methods were used, but by the overpowering indications of what methods could not have been used.'

What Tool Did the Shaping?

The idea that hand held pounders were responsible for the shaping of the unfinished obelisk has to be dismissed, and yet, what kind of technology could possibly have been responsible? Chris Dunn's opinion is that if one observes the pattern left by the tool which did the actual shaping, especially in the walls of the trenches that surround the unfinished obelisk, there is an even pattern which would unlikely have occurred if hand tools such as the pounders were used. According to Chris:



This contention of boxes being too precise and too important for just mummies of bulls pointing to their more recent adoption by such fetishistic pagans, follows the feeling I have always had that the pyramids were NOT built by those who later claimed in stone that they were at all, but by an earlier culture who came upon them later and used them and redecorated and added to them for their own cult.

In the same way, the story of pyramid construction is too far-fetched. Yes dictators etc seem to be able to coerce entire populations into catastrophic wars etc, but destruction requires no work and no talent-just the weaponry .

So it is with Egypt. Speculation akin to archeology of course, but equally plausible, surely?

I agree with the thought that there must have been a previous global civilization that fell either before or during the last ice age. There is so much proof that traditional archeologist try to bury. A previous civilization makes much more sense to me than ancient aliens. I think it was survivors from the previous civilization that helped our ancestors.

Also, the Ancient Egyptians were known to claim that the deeds of earlier pharaohs as their own, especially during their own dynasty. I’m certain that Khufu etc. did not build the structures on the Giza plateau, although I believe Khufu did recarve the sphinx head to resemble his own. What an ego he must have had.


The Hopi Indians said the Earth was remade four times and each time, humans were wiped out, so I believe we are the fifth act. I'm beginning to put it all theatergoer, but it seems to me the last
great catastrophe forced the multitude of humanity underground, hence the huge network of tunnels that can be found on most continents. My only guess is when we (humans) ran out of food, we resorted to cannibalism to survive and once we were able to ascend to the light, I believe that due to much of the world as we knew it being destroyed and the severe distress of surviving underground for so long made the survivors decide to start over and forget the past. That is my guess anyway, but of course without tons of bodies holed up in these tunnels, it's difficult to confirm this other than observing the evidence that's currently available throughout the world of a singular worldwide religion and architect designing pyramids on every major continent. I can't imagine such a terrible catastrophe to make us completely forget our past except what I mentioned.

This goes back to Graham Hancock and others who have shown with archeoastronomy that time periods assigned by academic Egyptologist for the pyramids and sphinx were constructed centuries before the Egyptians.

I often see the type of article that suggests an ancient alien unknown technology produced something we can't explain...which they recorded by carving stone with a chisel and hammer...! Anyone else see the irony in that? :) It would be like building the most amazing aircraft in LA and then decide to get to New York by horse instead.


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