The Sphinx and Great Pyramids of Egypt

36,400 BC: The Historical time of the Zep Tepi Theory

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Many conjectures have been made concerning the monumental complex of Giza. Some of these fall within the theories of the so called “independent school of Egyptology”, of which they constitute a great part. It is undeniable that “academic” Egyptology has greatly contributed to our knowledge of a unique and incomparable civilization, incredibly developed socially, artistically and scientifically. Unfortunately, academic Egyptologists have also persisted in misattributing some archaeological finds to Dynastic Egyptians, which I believe have little to do with that civilization. This has created confusion among researchers and has affected our comprehension of the prehistory of Egypt.

In the last 20 years, one of the most outstanding theories, in scientific terms, is that proposed by Robert Bauval, known as The Orion Correlation Theory. He proposed a correlation between the major pyramids of Giza and the three largest stars forming the Belt of Orion. Particularly, he suggested that a perfect alignment between the former and the latter  occurred in the year 10,450 BC.

As a result of this, a fervid debate among scholars originated, which has long slowed, and at times even impeded, objective analysis of the pyramid complex.

International Conference on Ancient Study, Zayed Univesity, Dubai.

Ahmed Osman, Armando Mei, Robert Bauval and John Major Jenkins.  

International Conference on Ancient Study, Zayed Univesity, Dubai. Photo Credit: Armando Mei

Still mysteries remain, for example, the dispute over the “Zep Tepi” (‘First Time’ or Golden Era). While academics agree to confine its purpose to mythology, I believe that their position conflicts with the long lists of sovereigns found so accurately transcribed in Egyptian documents and temples. I do not believe that the First Time is a myth, as it is regarded by some researchers.  I assume that the Zep Tepi was an historical time of prosperity. In my opinion, all major monuments of Giza were built before the Dynastic Age to celebrate the Age of Osiris rule. But, when were the monuments of Giza built?

Astronomical Configuration & the Zep Tepi

I studied the astronomical configuration of the sky above Giza in the remote past. First of all, I analyzed the astronomical configuration concerning the sky above Giza in the year 10,450 BC (Bauval’s Theory).

Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory – Vernal Equinox 10,500 BC

Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory – Vernal Equinox 10,500 BC. Al Nitak is not on the Meridian and not connected to the Great Pyramid. Sirius is under the Horizon. Planets have not a symbolic arrangement.

At the dawn of the vernal equinox, the Constellation of Lion is right on the ecliptic, while the Constellation of Orion is on the Meridian. Remarkable is the position of Mintaka, because this star lies on the Meridian while Alnitak has moved toward the south-east.  In my opinion, this is not the right configuration, because I would expect to find Alnitak (the correspondent of the Great Pyramid, the most important monument of Giza) on the Meridian and not the pyramid of Mycerinus, the smaller pyramid of Giza. Any other astronomical object, close to the monuments of Giza, were in the Sky at that time.

The Age of the Zep Tepi

In the following table, what is most striking is the configuration of the sky above Giza in the year 36,420 BC. At the dawn of the vernal equinox, at an entire astronomical precessional cycle before 10,450 BC, all monuments of Giza were perfectly aligned with the constellations as follows:

The Sky above Giza at Vernal Equinox in the year 36,400 BC: my proposal on Historical Golden Age of the Zep Tepi

The Sky above Giza at Vernal Equinox in the year 36,400 BC: my proposal on Historical Golden Age of the Zep Tepi (processing by Armando Mei)

At the dawn of the vernal equinox.

The Lion constellation and Sphinx are closely connected to the East. The Orion constellation is on the Celestial Meridian, exactly above the Pyramids.  Most importantly, it’s a perfect connection between Al Nitak – the largest Star of the Belt of Orion – and the Great Pyramid , the biggest monument in the Giza Plateau. The connection occurred only in this astronomical configuration and in no one astronomical alignment ever proposed by experts, from 2,000 AD to 100,000 BC.

As Al Nitak cuts the Celestial Meridian, so the Great Pyramid lies in the center of emerged lands, the main meridian and parallel intersection, or rather at the distance of 1/3 between the Equator and North Pole, symbolizing the “natural zero” for longitude.

Moreover, there are many astronomical guidelines proving the concept of the Beginning of a New Age. First of all, the planets positions. They are positioned in the south-east hemisphere, as though following the rising Sun through its movement along the ecliptic. In particular, the Moon is a New Moon, and it’s positioned just below the celestial horizon, ready to follow the Sun’s movement towards the light.


Are you kidding me???

Khentkhaus’ tomb proportions are very close to some Sirius physical parameters, for example: Tomb height is 10mt.; in Egyptian cubits is: 22.37. Sirius brightness is 22.40. (Difference -0,03); Area of the Tomb is: 2083.9 square meters. Sirius Mass is 1/1000 of this value: 2,15 (Difference -0,067); Tomb Perimeter is: 182.6 mt. Sirius Radius is 1/100 of this value: 1.88 (Difference -0.054);.

How can you even make such ridiculous comparisons? You might as well say WW2 ended in 1945 and the melting point of gold is 1945 F (Difference 0.0). or The escape velocity from the Earth is 7 miles per second and there are 7 days in a week (Difference 0).

No one can deny that the Sphinx has been a unique symbol of the Ancient Egyptian civilization from its ancient times to the present. It has inspired the imaginations of thousands of artists, poets, adventurers, scholars, and travelers from all over the world. For centuries, the Sphinx has inspired endless speculation about its age, its meaning and the secrets that it might hold.The Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed in the 4th Dynasty (2575 – 2467 B.C by the Pharaoh Khafre. it is carved out of a single ridge of limestone 240 feet long and 66 feet high. The Sphinx is only part of a set of structures built to serve the cult of the dead king and the sun god, Re, consisting of a pyramid, Pyramid Temple, causeway, Sphinx, Sphinx Temple, and Valley Temple

Barry Sears's picture

The study of animals and the regions of the World were the secret to interpreting our corresponding surrounding Celestial energies. The Egyptians have recorded how the World was also a complete body and this projected out to the full Celestial body of Nut. The twelve zones around the equator, give evidence through animal features and these were selected from each region of the World and then projected out to our Celestial surroundings. The lion was selected to connect to this region of the World as it contains the unique feature of the mane wrapped around the lung region of the anatomy. When the Egyptians studied the single species of the cat they express the changes in features from the head of the World to the base. The lynx has dominant facial features as it is from the head region, the jaguar strong forearm dynamics, the lion the lungs... Each zodiac sign is about the animal dynamics and dominant feature. The circular zodiac of Denderah rotates opposite to the Celestial zodiac of Nut because it is about the Worlds animals and regions. The sphinx of Leo connects to this lung region of the body, the World body and then to the Celestial body. The region of Israel is about the womb, the next region of the World anatomy, also corresponding to the Celestial body. 

The full structure of the Sphinx with running water would have been amazing in it's glory. Do you know if there is a viewing platform on the back of the Sphinx? I am curious if when positioned here and view the pyramids, does the apex of the pyramids align with corresponding stars?

Barry Sears's picture

Still one of the missing points is that the zodiac of Dendarah who's direction rotates opposite to the constellations is because it is an Earth zodiac. It is about the World zones and observations of animals defining the full body of the World. Cancer is marked up as is Stonehenge, water fishes, Aquarius and Capricorn sit in the Pacific.  

Leo connects to the Sphinx, Virgo is Israel, Easter Island is the head region. All twelve Earth zones connect to major sites. Please note that the symbols for each zodiac constellation are observation of the 12 Earth zones projected back.

I am open to this new information but since the pole star Thuban was important to the alignment also, what was the pole star in 36,400BC?

Can Armando find this out?


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