Image of the North America Nebula, an emission nebula in the constellation Cygnus, close to Deneb

Northern Cross and the Birth of Shamanism: A Southeastern Mystery Story - Part II

(Read the article on one page)

Solving the Riddle of the Rock Piles: The first layers author Jim Willis and his wife removed from rock piles on their property seemed to consist of large stones piled on top of one another roughly in the shape of a circle…

The deeper we went, the smaller the rocks became. If these piles were agricultural in nature one would think that they would show just the opposite tendency. The usual custom involves placing the big ones in a convenient location and gradually adding smaller stones as the pile grows taller.  The location of the biggest rocks in the field would tend to mark where the piles would be in the first place. Why move the biggest ones when you can just build around them?

[Read Part 1 Here]

This brings up another point - location. Many of the rock piles in our area are found near the top of a ridge, usually facing east toward the rising sun.  This might be because it doesn’t make a lot of sense to roll rocks all the way down a hill if you’re planning to use them later. You would probably want to just clear the part you might later be plowing. That’s usually the flat top. But while we were working we couldn't help but notice that it was often very pleasant to just sit and admire the view of the valley below.  They offered a very nice working environment. 

Building Up Tradition

It was when we approached the bottom of the piles, some two or three feet down, when questions arose.  The stones often got smaller and smaller, until we began to discover a floor of rock chips that had obviously been worked by human crafters. Lithic debitage is the proper name. Stone debris. The implication seems to be that the ancient ones who made stone tools came to convenient places such as these in order to excavate their raw material, choosing a nice, comfortable place to work while they sliced and chipped the rocks into serviceable blanks from which to strike tools.  

Neolithic Debitage (Chert) (The Portable Antiquities Scheme

Neolithic Debitage (Chert) (The Portable Antiquities Scheme/ The Trustees of the British Museum/ CC BY-SA 2.0)

From all this developed our admittedly un-professional theory of rock piles.  It begins thousands of years ago when the ancient ones found a source of good stone from which to quarry blanks for making tools. It just seems to make sense that an ancient crafter would sit at a place with a nice view as his apprentices brought him raw material to work up. After many years and lots of trips back to the quarry, he would have built up quite a pile of rock chips. Later on, when one of his descendants, removed by hundreds, perhaps even thousands of years, came back to this traditional place, he might have developed the habit of throwing another rock on the growing pile, perhaps saying to himself something like, “same time next season,” or something to that effect. After a while, it would become tradition, and later maybe even superstition. Layers of history would have been piled up, similar to other traditional customs carried out by families everywhere. 

The ’head’ of Rock Hawk Effigy Mound in Putnam Co, Georgia, USA

The ’head’ of Rock Hawk Effigy Mound in Putnam Co, Georgia, USA ( Public Domain )

Then along came Europeans, completely ignorant of native traditions. All they saw was a pile of rocks. They wanted to clear this land to make it easier to work, but it was covered with stones.

“Let’s clean them up.”

“Sure, but where do you want to pile them?”

“How about over on this pile that’s someone’s already started?”

And so it went.  Thousands of years later, we are faced with the "problem" of rock piles.  Of such mysteries, archeological arguments are born and continue to fascinate.

Making the Connections: As Above, So Below

As I wrote in my book, Ancient Gods: Lost Histories, Hidden Truths and the Conspiracy of Silence , however, the story now takes quite a different turn.  In our search for meaning behind these rock piles my wife and I invited a surveyor friend to use his high-tech equipment to plot some of the curious clusters of stone piles we found in the course of our walks through the woods around our home.  We were interested to see if there might be any lines or connections between them.  After plotting them on a topographical map they formed a familiar icon. 

We were immediately intrigued.  Although I've been an ordained minister all my life I did not associate this pattern only with the Christian church.  During the dark nights of December we have formed the habit of stepping outside to look at another cross, the Northern Cross— sometimes called the Christmas Cross— that stands low in the northwest sky in December.  We were so taken with the similarity between our rock piles and what we observed in the heavens that we called up a constellation chart on our computer and printed out the results.  When we overlaid them, one on top of the other, we were amazed.  They fit perfectly!             


What does this have to do with Siberia? Does the author even know what a shaman is?

Jim Willis's picture

Although “Shaman” was originally a Siberian term, it has since come to be indentified with a world-wide spiritual practice steeped in ancient animism and generally recognized as being one of the first, if not the first, cross-cultural religion.  


Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Human Origins

Ancient Technology

The Lycurgus Cup.
A strange chalice made its way into the British Museum’s collection in the 1950s. It is a 1,600-year-old jade green Roman artifact called the Lycurgus Cup. The image on the chalice is an iconic scene with King Lycurgus of Thrace...

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article