The 5,000-year-old rock painting in this photo by Marco Morelli, via, may depict a Nativity-type scene like the 2,000-year-old scenes of Jesus’ birth

5,000-Year-Old Rock Painting Suggests a Nativity Scene 3,000 Years Before Jesus’ birth

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About 5,000 years ago an artist in Egypt painted an apparent nativity scene onto the rocks of a small cave—a tableau similar to crèche scenes that depict Jesus being born in a manager in a cave or barn. The Egyptian scene, the oldest one known, includes two adults, a baby between them ascending, some animals and a dot above them and to the right, possibly indicating a star in the east.

The Italian researcher who discovered the scene has kept it a secret since he found it in 2005, says a story about the find on It is the oldest known nativity scene in the world, and the researchers have named it The Cave of the Parents. The word nativity means birth.

“It's a very evocative scene which indeed resembles the Christmas nativity. But it predates it by some 3,000 years," geologist Marco Morelli, who discovered the painting, told He is director of the Museum of Planetary Sciences in Prato, Italy. "The discovery has several implications as it raises new questions on the iconography of one of the more powerful Christian symbols.”

Nativity scenes celebrating the Christ’s birth are shown in modern churches, miniature ones in people’s homes and larger scenes on people’s lawns in front of their homes or in other public places. Some live nativity scenes even include livestock and real humans posing as the family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph.

Christmas hymns have celebrated the nativity scene, including the song Away in a Manger, the first verse of which says:

Away in a manger, no crib for a bed,
The little Lord Jesus laid down his sweet head,
The stars in the bright sky looked down where he lay,
The little Lord Jesus asleep on the hay.

The Gospel of Luke’s second chapter gives details concerning the birth of Jesus and how his father and mother were turned away from the inns in Bethlehem because the inns were full and had to take refuge in either a barn or a cave, where the Bible says Mary gave birth to the Christ.

Millennia after this prehistoric Egyptian nativity scene was painted, Christians celebrate the Christ’s birth with scenes and tableaus of Mary and Joseph, the newborn, shepherds, the three wise men and farm animals.

Millennia after this prehistoric Egyptian nativity scene was painted, Christians celebrate the Christ’s birth with scenes and tableaus of Mary and Joseph, the newborn, shepherds, the three wise men and farm animals. (Wikimedia Commons/ Andreas Praefcke photo )

It’s interesting to note that after Jesus’ birth his mother and father fled for refuge to Egypt after Herod ordered all males under age 2 in Bethlehem slain. This recently announced rock art is in Egypt. The story of the flight to Egypt is recounted in Matthew, Chapter 2.

Dr. Morelli discovered this painting in the Sahara Desert, between the Nile Valley and the Gilf Kebir plateau, says.

The head of the woman in the painting is missing, the rocks upon which it was painted apparently having become detached.

Dr. Morelli told that it could be just a depiction of a mundane family, but details point to special significance. The baby is drawn above the parents and appears to be traveling toward the heavens. Dr. Morelli said this indicates a pregnancy or birth, Seeker says.

He said in rock art in that part of the world at that time, death corresponded to earth. He draws the conclusion that birth may have been associated with sky.

The symbology of the animals and the small circle to the east indicate a special significance. The artist painted a mythical headless lion above the apparent parents. Headless lions were mythical in the Neolithic or New Stone Age in that part of the world. One of Jesus’ titles is the Lion of Judah. Below the parents and baby is some type of anthropomorphic monkey or baboon.

Dr. Morelli said such imagery was thought to have dated solely from the early Christian era and thereafter.

The 5,000-year-old rock painting in this photo by Marco Morelli, via, may depict a Nativity-type scene like the 2,000-year-old scenes of Jesus’ birth. Dr. Morelli came across the cave painting in Egypt in 2005 but went public with it just recently.

By Mark Miller


That rock painting doesn't suggest a nativity but a death of a child, not a birth at all. The child is going away from his supposed parents.

Isis Osiris and Horus!! the nativity story and the Crucifixion legends precede Christianity by ages. If this rock painting is so old, could this be just an ancient Egyptian version of the story.

Grasping at straws in an attempt to prove that make-believe is real. Pathetic.

The author has to make up his mind about the exact place of it Bethlehem or Nile Valley. Because once Mary gave birth to Jesus in a cave in Bethlehem then why would she again settle down in a cave in Egypt? Just to draw a painting!? Silly, I think.

If you were to actually read the article again - you might note that the author references the fact that the family had to file to Egypt to escape Herod. This is after the Mary gives birth, and the wise men likewise flee back to the east from their country of origin (probably Persia)


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