Hirbat Midras, in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel, part of what geologist Dr. Alexander Koltypin hypothesizes to be a massive complex of prehistoric underground structures stretching across the Mediterranean.

Is This a Huge Million-Year-Old, Man-Made Underground Complex?

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By Tara MacIsaac , Epoch Times

Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Yet many researchers have drawn attention to artifacts and various other evidence of advanced civilizations long before this, even millions of years earlier.

Among them is Dr. Alexander Koltypin, a geologist and director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology.

Koltypin has analyzed ancient underground structures across the Mediterranean and identified similarities that lead him to believe the sites were once connected. Furthermore, the weathering of the structures, their material composition, and the geological features and historic changes in the region, lead him to believe they were built by an advanced civilization hundreds of thousands or millions of years ago.

Archaeologists working in the region usually date the sites by looking at the settlements located on them or nearby. But these settlements were simply built upon existing prehistoric structures, Koltypin said.

“When we examined the constructions … none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine, and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around,” he wrote on his website.

He climbed a hill about 1,300 feet high near the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, central Israel. As he looked over the site, he recalled a similar feeling from when he had climbed to the top of the rock city Cavusin in Turkey.

 “I was personally convinced once again … that all these rectangular indentations, man-made underground structures, and scattered debris of megaliths were one underground-terrestrial megalithic complex which was opened by erosion to a depth of several hundred meters.”

Erosion and Mountain-Formation

Not all parts of the purported complex are still underground. Some have come far above ground with geological shifts throughout history—the ancient rocky towns of Cappadocia in Turkey, for example, which Koltypin includes in the complex.

Some parts may also be found under the Mediterranean Sea, as is indicated by structures along the coast.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

In central and northern Israel and central Turkey, Koltypin estimates the sites were exposed after an erosive cut into the Earth of several hundred meters (more than 1,000 feet).

“According to my estimates, such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years,” he wrote.

He hypothesizes that part of the complex was brought to the surface as a result of alpine orogeny (mountain-formation).

The composition of building materials at a site in Antalya, Turkey, which Koltypin calls the “Jernokleev site,” are also some 500,000 to 1 million years old by his estimate.

Archaeologists usually date the man-made structures at Jernokleev to the Middle Ages. But, Koltypin says the materials indicate a much older age.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years. — Dr. Alexander Koltypin, International Independent University of Ecology and Politology”

What he identifies as a pink “cement” includes in it man-made ceramic fragments and basalts of volcanic origin among other materials. The last time an active volcano would have been present in the region to provide the basalts would have been some 500,000 to 1 million years ago.

Underwater

As a result of the Earth’s crust moving over distant ages, parts of the underground complex have been plunged under sea level, Koltypin said.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey, sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor,” he wrote. The nature of the deposits suggest the complex was underwater for a long time.

Similar Megaliths and Underground Entrances

The similar megalithic ruins at the various sites are part of what led Koltypin to surmise a connection between the sites, united in a giant prehistoric complex.

Megalithic blocks weighing tens of tons seem to have at some point likely been attached directly to the underground constructions, he said. “This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.”

Comments

The more I hear and see about complex artifacts the more I'm convinced that there were several human civilisation's before us, what if the K2 boundry was the result of a global nuclear war (like the one coming if clinton get's into the whitehouse). I have no doubt there will be a lot of negative comment's about this post BUT nobody really knows for sure

If there were dinasours roaming the earth a tunnel network would be a handy thing

Ancient aliens,the "gods" effects on establishing religions.

Thanks for this. There's erosion and then there's catastrophic erosion. If - as many suggest - these tunnel systems were constructed for shelter from various cosmic events, then the 'eroded' openings are likely to be much younger than 1,000,000 years. As LaViolette etc surmise, a date closer to 30,000 bpe is more likely for these and similar constructuons around the globe.
Keep up the Great Work!

I always thought humanity must be a lot older than anthropologists believe. To say modern man appeared 80,000 or so years ago seems too recent and I think half a million to a million years ago is more likely. Evolution couldn't have changed us from ape-man to modern man in such a short time, surely? In that time it could doubtless change skin color, muscle build, height etc, but not our whole form.

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