25,000-Year-Old Buildings Found in Russia

25,000-Year-Old Buildings Found in Russia

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In the Caucasus mountains of Russia, not far from the cities Tzelentzchik, Touapse, Novorossiysk and Sochi, there are hundreds of megalithic monuments known as dolmens. Russian and foreign archaeologists have not yet discovered their use.

All these megalithic dolmens you see below in the pictures are dated from 10,000 to 25,000 years ago, according to the website  Kykeon. Other archaeologists put the age of these megalithic structures at 4000 to 6,000 years old.

Thousands of prehistoric megalithic monuments are known throughout the world. Some of the least known outside the former Soviet Union, however, are those in the Caucasus.

These dolmens cover the Western Caucasus on both sides of the mountain ridge, in an area of approximately 12.000 square kilometers of Russia and Abkhazia.

The Caucasian dolmens represent a unique type of prehistoric architecture, built with precisely dressed cyclopic stone blocks. 

The stones were, for example, shaped into 90-degree angles, to be used as corners or were curved to make a perfect circle. The monuments date between the end of the 4th millennium and the beginning of the 2nd millennium B.C.

While generally unknown in the rest of Europe, these Russian megaliths are equal to the great megaliths of Europe in terms of age and quality of architecture, but are still of an unknown origin.

The Caucasian dolmens represent a unique type of prehistoric architecture, built with precisely dressed large stone blocks. The stones were, for example, shaped into 90-degree angles, to be used as corners or were curved to make a circle.

In spite of the variety of Caucasian monuments, they show strong similarities with megaliths from different parts of Europe and Asia, like the Iberian Peninsula, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Israel and India. 

A range of hypotheses has been put forward to explain these similarities and the building of megaliths on the whole, but still it remains unclear.

Approximately 3,000 of these megalithic monuments are known in the Western Caucasus, but more are constantly being found, while more and more are also being destroyed. Today, many are in great disrepair and will be completely lost if they are not protected from vandals and general neglect.

The dolmens are found in the area of Krasnodar.  Krasnodar  is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kuban River about 148 kilometers (92 mi) northeast of the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.

Concentrations of megaliths, dolmens and stone labyrinths have been found (but little studied) throughout the Caucasus Mountains, including the Abkhazia. 

Most of them are represented by rectangular structures made of stone slabs or cut in rocks with holes in their facade. 

These dolmens cover the Western Caucasus on both sides of the mountain ridge, in an area of approximately 12.000 square kilometres of Russia and Abkhazia.

The map above shows locations of known Dolmen structures. The original source for the following images came via a Russian Website.

The dolmens have a limited variety in their architecture. The floor plans are square, trapezoidal, rectangular and round. All of the dolmens are punctuated with a portal in the center of the facade. While round portholes are the most common, square ones are also found. 

In front of the facade is a court that usually splays out, creating an area where rituals possibly took place. The court is usually outlined by large stone walls, sometimes over a meter high, which enclose the court. 

It is in this area that Bronze and Iron Age pottery has been found – which helped date these tombs -, along with human remains, bronze tools and silver, gold and semi-precious stone ornaments.

The repertoire of decoration for these tombs is not great. Vertical and horizontal zigzags, hanging triangles and concentric circles are the most common motifs. One decorative motif that is quite common is found across the top of the porthole slab. 

It can best be described as a lintel held up by two columns. Pairs of breasts, done in relief, have also been found on a few tombs. These breasts usually appear above the two columns of the porthole decoration.

Perhaps related to these are the stone plugs, which were used to block the porthole, and are found with almost every tomb. They are sometimes phallic-shaped.

One of the most interesting megalithic complexes – group of three dolmens – stands in a row on a hill above Zhane River on the Black Sea coast in the Krasnodar area near Gelendzhik, Russia.

Map of Dolmens in Western Caucasus.

Map of Dolmens in Western Caucasus. (c) archeo.ru


Heavy duty structures for sheltering from plasma discharges ??(Electric Universe)

are they from the 2nd to 4th millenium AD or are they 10000 to 25000 YO?

Good article. The timeline is put forth in generally the same as your question. My first thoughts were of the dolmens in Ireland, some in Portugal. They're too small to be dwellings, or 'plasma shelters' in one Commentor's far out proposition. In Ireland, most are without the sides-as such. They have four 'posts' & a roof; 'generally'. Speculation is that earth was used to facilitate construction, then removed for the intended burial. It'd be interesting to see some group take on a replicating project for any dolmen examples. The Russian types may be an original for their area, who knows? They 'wonder' at the 'plugs' used to seal the dolmen, but since they most likely were grave monuments, I don't see the 'wonder', I see the utility; ' makes sense ' ! Take care & have fun looking further, I know I will! Mike

I know this will sound utterly whacky to some, but I occurs to be that these Dolmens, and some of ours, as well as several alleged tombs, may not be tombs as such at all, but the homes of the inhabitants, built very solidly to survive the crushing pressures of snow and ice in the colder times we poor humans have had to live through. Whilst it may seem far fetched, the very fact that human remains are often found in such places along with household goods, cooking utensils etcetera indicates HABITATION.

Yes, and in the same way the vast highly decorated underground palaces built in Egypt for Pharoahs and sometimes members of staff, and indeed the Pyramids themselves are not tombs, not primarily, but peoples homes. IF you live in an utter desrt you need substantial sahelter from wind and sun to have a comfortable standard of living AT ALL. Or its nomadic life and tents, period. We cannot date stone, we have really no way to prove such places were not peoples actual homes. After all, IF you are royalty etc. you aren't going to live on the hot dusty surface in conditions so bad the Hebrew slaves wanted to leave the country, are you.

Yes, it may very well be true that after their deaths these people's bodies were left with their possesions inside the Dolmen's , but it is equally likely that the pharoahs Lived in their underground palaces, and then when the last of the line died out, or whatever, it was decided to mummify and entomb their bodies therein.

Any ideas?

i wonder why the holes in them and if it was so cold as ice, how and why would they use such cold materials as stone?
i have heard alot more stories of pyramids than of these structures in russia but it goes to show me that people have been very busy for longer than i can imagine. and so darn attached to the earth and yet everybody only sticks around for a century or so. people sure are peculiar creatures!

Possibly with furs and such? The eskimos have used colder material. Also the stone heats up during day even when its cold then radiates the heat at night. Could be possible?

I thought of them being homes as well. They could have kept them warm with furs of the animals they hunted. Even my 9yo son says they are 'caveman' houses.

I, too, can see these as dwellings.
These structures also could have been used for storage, hence the "corks". Like squirrels, I'm sure they had to store up for the harsh winters.

Since this area is not far from where Cereal Grains like Wheat and Barley were first domesticated in Eastern Turkey, I would venture to say that these were simply for long term Grain Storage. The "Porch Stones" and Paved Courts in front were more than likely Threshing areas to aid in collecting up the Grain with less debris in the mix. As for the age of these? They could predate the domestication of Cereal Grains because they were collected from the Wild for a very longtime before they were actually Farmed.

I had that thought as well. Also possible home sites. I haven't seen anything on digs, which i imagine they have done if they have found other things. This would tell if they did store any there or even threshing being done there. But yet nothing is mentioned?

There is a theory that is quite compelling that these structures are used for the benefit of the local communities by energising their seed crops inside, as the stone concentrates the telluric energies in that place, which is why these monuments are placed where they are. The book Seed of knowledge stone of plenty covers this including experiments, and so does Hugh Newman's lectures on youtube about megaliths etc. Also of interest is the book by Barry Fell, America B.C. Like the pyramids, they are not tombs or dwellings, so can we move on from that.

In suggesting they might have been houses, I took the coldness of the stone into account, as I know from experience how cold stone is as building material in winter. Here we are possibly looking at a worse case scenario, an Ice Age scenario, in which case stone would be no colder than an ice or snow-walled house, and much easier to heat. Further, their strength would mean the houses survived everything- as you can see they have!

Come on, why would anyone drag tonnes of rock from miles away taking weeks if not months to assemble using many men when you could build a cabin from trees in the vicinity in a few days. It was a technology to be used by the community or people coming from outside areas to charge their seeds and then take them back and plant them. That is why you have such large communities in unusual places, ie not river plains and surrounding hillsides. It all depends where the telluric energies are concentrated and released. Honestly, cavemen in stone huts is seriously childish and uninformed. Other than the books and videos I mentioned earlier, why not have a look at the documentary series The Pyramid Code, especially episode 2 titled High Level Technology, yes HIGH LEVEL TECHNOLOGY of the PYRAMIDS. It is on youtube to watch without charge, and then come back for a proper discussion.

Your explanation is just as far fetched Robert... I think what is important to remember is that these early Cultures were still Semi-Migratory. They would relocate from Campsite to Campsite as Resources in the different areas flourished.

I think it is possible that the locations of these were known as very productive natural places to collect Wild Grains and over time it was realized that some sort of storage for these Grains was absolutely necessary for survival.

The Native Americans did the same, they migrated around to follow certain resources as they came into season. Returning each year back to each known productive location. But some tools they left in place at each location to be reused the next season such as Metates and Cooking Stones because it was impractical to carry these heavy objects with them as the Migrated.

I think it could be the same with these. They lived a Mobile Lifestyle in simple Abodes but invested extensive time and labor into an absolutely necessary Tool for their Survival...Community Grain Storage and collection points while it was in season.

With respect to your thoughts here, there are a couple factors to be noticed in these. Judging the size of these Holes by the surrounding Trees and Etc., many appear to be pretty small for practical Human entrance and exit. Also noticeable is that they seem to be designed for plugging from the outside only. Most important feature they lack as an Abode would be some sort of Smoke hole. Even Igloos have an Exit Hole for Smoke. To build a fire in one of these would be suicide.

Most of these are found near the Black Sea coast. Couldn't they be "passage graves" like those found along the Atlantic coast of Europe? The size and precision of the openings look like something ancient stargazers would look through to anticipate the change of seasons. Very important in ancient agrarian societies. And, the structures would have been built to be extremely stable and solid over time to serve that purpose properly. Has anyone investigated the orientation of the openings compared to stellar positions in antiquity?

these buildings could demonstrate the utilitarian aspect of ancient astronomy.

The best explanations I have found so far are the one's Anastasia gives in Vladimir Megre books. Check it out. By reading these book series it will give the reader an understanding of Russia ancient past. Highly recommendable. www.Ringing Cedars.com

First, the random dating of 25,000 years is just not supported by known RC site test. General RC results put most dolmens on both the Korean Peninsula and Caucuses Region at about 7K YBP (which collectively contain about 60% of all known dolmens).

Second, if Buckminster Fuller's axiom that "form follows function" is relevant to folks that lived in a primitive society, then design specifics tell us a lot about use characteristics.

It is instructive to note the four basic forms of dolmens, because each, when looked at through the lens of the above axiom, defines a general use that varies in application,

The one significant standard to all dolmens, is that they are all 'capped' or covered with large over sized slab stones or boulders. The stone 'roofs' are heavier than any other part of the building. 

Now lets apply primitive survival thinking to moving very heavy stone slabs to cover a small (less than room sized) area. Sometimes, particularly in the Caucuses, the heavy stone covering sets over a tightly enclosed "room" with a very small (about 20") round entry-exit hole. That is just large enough to allow an average human of that time (about 5'6" for males) to enter and exit relatively easily. 

To me, what that suggests is the dolmens are a 'survival imperative' structure. A 'safe room', as it were at the time. They certainly were not to protect against human attackers, as the stone slab "roofs" serve no specific purpose in that regard. So the predators were very large and muscular and could move or root out stones and coverings that were not at least several tons. (dinosaurs, very large flyers, anyone?) They were not designed to protect against ground predators like giant cats and bears, as those animals also cannot move large stone boulders. 

I wasn't there, so I can't make definitive statements, but I have lived in a primitive social structure,, and I know from personal experience how survival imperative works.Nothing including labor is lost or wasted. Every breath, step, process or procedure is related to immediate survival, in not only the harshest or marginal survival zones, but in moderate climate zones as well. 

So, in my considered opinion, dolmens are 'survival imperative" structures, built to defend against several different large predators. 

I make the case in my book, "Earth Epochs" that a major global cataclysm occurred at almost exactly 7K years before present, taking out a very large worldwide population, and reducing remnant populations to harsh primitive survival technologies.

Absolutely all ancient written history, as well as folk tales and legends tell us that in the ancient past a major catastrophe occurred that destroyed the planet, sank whole continents, and raised others. Those same references tell us that man lived along side a number of different dinosaurs up until our fairly recent past. (within the last 1,500 years).

Now before a bunch of you "incremental gradualism" devotees get to howling too loud, just go look at the evidence and give me an explanation that covers all the dolmens, and representations of dinosaurs on rock wall art and pottery, and give me a better explanation that explains those collective anomalies (as a group).

My book is online and FREE wherever books are sold or given away particularly Google Books.   "Earth Epochs" by John Jensen

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