Is Bigfoot Real? Emerging Scientific Evidence

Is Bigfoot Real? Emerging Scientific Evidence

(Read the article on one page)

Is Bigfoot real? A better question would be why has mainstream science failed to put the question to the test?

Science is duty bound by definition to explain the unexplained, yet in 2016 some people are still debating its existence rather than examining emerging scientific evidence. Some of this evidence has emerged from unexpected places.

Sighting from “Patterson–Gimlin film frame 352” by Patterson-Gimlin film. This is the familiar or popular face of Bigfoot.

Sighting from “Patterson–Gimlin film frame 352” by Patterson-Gimlin film. This is the familiar or popular face of Bigfoot. ( Wikipedia)

One of these places is Mount St. Helens in Washington State, U.S.A, where in 2013 and 2014 I along with one of my former college students located three different ungulate rib prey bone assemblages (elk and deer rib bones) that had seemingly inexplicable chewing marks left in them.

Mount S. Helens, Washington, USA.

Mount S. Helens, Washington, USA. (Pixabay.com/ PixMtSt.Helens)

We conducted a two year Zooarcheological field research project, which culminated March 26, 2016 at the 69th Annual Anthropological Research Conference, where I presented our conclusions to a room full of respected academic and governmental anthropologists and archeologists.

Tooth and Bite Marks

I presented data in the form of incisor, molar and pre-molar dental signature evidence that we were able to very carefully link with current scientific literature describing historical and contemporary hominin chewing evidence. This published, peer reviewed  literature described a diagnostic framework for accurately separating and identifying hominin mastication evidence recovered from both pre-archaic sites and comparative contemporary chewing studies upon ungulate rib bones.

Furthermore, we proposed the evaluation of a new category of incisal dentition signature termed a Notch, which consolidated the applicable literature and accurately described some of our field research evidence. 

The conference gave us a chance to demonstrate the links between the teeth mark evidence that we recovered in the field with current peer reviewed scientific research covering the same subject.  This current research provided a framework by which we could compare our tooth mark descriptions.  It also helps provide a very effective tool that enables scientists to re-examine other suspected human chewing evidence upon bones.

A new category of incisal dentition signature termed a Notch.

A new category of incisal dentition signature termed a Notch. (Photo courtesy writer)

All three locations contained the same evidence profiles of ungulate (deer and elk) rib evidence with clear and measurable evidence of hominin mastication activity. The dentition of other known local ecosystem specific predators and scavengers was compared against Homo sapiens dentition. Of the 25 total hominin incisor measurements taken from all three sites, 92% are outside the average lateral incisors size range for modern Homo sapiens . In this same sample 80% are outside the average measurement for central incisor. From this evidence, Upper Inter-Canine measurements can be accurately estimated.  All of the comparative analysis demonstrated hominin dentition physio-morphology of at least two times the size of modern humans. 

Fossil jaw of Neanderthal.

Fossil jaw of Neanderthal.
(Credit: P Sémal, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)

The evidence was clear and consistent across all three locations.  The teeth marks and jaw shapes of bear, cougar, humans, porcupine, and wolverine along with every other potential species that might have been responsible was examined and eliminated or included. After identifying the teeth marks as “Hominin” we measured the geometry of the individual marks and were able to determine that they were primarily outside the upper size range for current humans. From these measurements we were able to estimate mouth size, which again was over double the size of a modern human.

Rib Peeling 

The Pre-Molar and Molar dentition signature evidence analysis is perhaps the strongest indication of hominin mastication evidence that emerged from the field research. The current peer reviewed scientific literature describes Rib Peeling as a clear hominin assigned bone surface modification diagnostic characteristic. The physical act of rib peeling entails putting a rib in a hominins mouth and using their hands as levers to move the rib in cooperation with using their pre-molars and molars to masticate the ends. This specific force application procedure has been evaluated over several peer reviewed studies both pre-archaic and contemporary as clearly diagnostic of hominin mastication activity. This process creates specific secondary dentition signatures in consistent hemispherical regions of masticated ungulate rib specimens. The pre-molar impressions were triangular in shape while the molar evidence is characterized by double arch shapes. The evidence recovered from all three sites demonstrated clear and consistent rib peeling evidence. 

Rib Peeling.

Rib Peeling. (Photo courtesy writer)

The physical act or process of Rib Peeling is very simple.  It consists of using your hands to put a rib in your mouth and using those same hands to move the end of the rib around as you chew on the opposite end.  This creates very specific damage and tooth marks in predictable locations on a rib.  It also creates secondary tooth marks in expected locations. This predictable combination of damage and individual teeth mark impression evidence is clearly supported in current scientific research and is an accurate tool that enables the separation of hominin verses predator chewing evidence in bones.

Comments

I am open to the existence of a bipedal other than humans, roaming in the woods. I know there are a lot of people who claimed to have seen something, probably most of these are misidentification or the person is lying, but there are creditable people who have seen something. There is a small percentage of people who saw something that isn't a bear or other animal and aren't lying, who knows what they saw. Until I see one, or more evidence comes out, I am skeptical. But I am remain open minded. I have spend many days in the Sierra Mountains in California. I live in the Southern Sierra Mountains in Tehachapi Valley and hike a lot, I have never seen tracks or anything that would lead me to believe there is a bigfoot, but I am open minded. If there are such animals, there is a small population of them. Maybe one day I will get lucky, but odds are I won't ever see one.

If there was a viable population of large hominins roaming around, there would be irrefutable evidence, bodies. They would have been found. We see bears, wolves and every other large animal that avoids humans. Bigfoot would have been hit by cars, shot by hunters etc.

Several years back, scientists thought reports of the giant panda were crazy. But, lo and behold, it exists! The scientists were wrong! Same thing with the giant squid. One day scientists and naysayers will be proven wrong about Sasquatch as well.

Well ‘if’ a sekleton or skull is found, you can bet it will be whisked off to some lab for ‘study’ and immediately thereafter disappear. Particularly if the Smithsonian has anything to do with it.

We now know there have been several hominid species who lived on this planet in the past. Why is ‘science’ so adamant that there can be none that survived. The US wilderness is vast and extends up into Canada. It’s not like these creatures would need to run to Walmart for groceries. And being bi-pedal hominids, there’s the chance they have their own ‘beliefs’ and would honor their dead thru burial. Humans are so egotistical. We’re the only one’s in the universe!!

For me, the most compelling evidence of the existence of Sasquatch are not only the foot prints but the extraordinary number of sighting reports that continue to pour in from all over the country. Now if the people described small green men or animals that fly or walking dead zombies, we'd know that these creatures were figments of people's imagination. The sightings on the BFRO site, which go back over 50 years describe a very similar creature. The vast majority of sightings are accidental and those that are not are usually in very remote areas. If you have taken the time to attend BFRO outings you would find that the people that attend are people from all walks of life that have little in common except their interest in this animal. Or they may have seen one, but most people have not. I was very skeptical about this for many years, and I still have many questions. But if you take the time to read some books on the subject and look at the online reports, the evidence is pretty clear.

Pages

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Myths & Legends

Open Book Photo
A legend is a tale regarded as historical even though it has not been proven, and the term “myth” can refer to common yet false ideas. Many myths and legends describe our history, but they are often treated skeptically. This is because many of them, while explaining a phenomenon, involve divine or supernatural beings.

Human Origins

Noah's Sacrifice - watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot
The imperfect state of archaeological researches in the Near East impedes any definite identification of the original race or races that created the earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. According to Gordon Childe, however, the predominant racial element in the earliest graves in the region from Elam to the Danube is the ‘Mediterranean’.

Ancient Technology

Ancient Places

Google Earth image of manmade stone structures in Saudi Arabia
Deep in the heart of Saudi Arabia, 400 peculiar stone structures have been found, dating back thousands of years ago. These stone features were discovered by archaeologists with the use of satellite imagery, identifying what they call stone "gates" in an extremely unwelcome and harsh area of the Arabian Peninsula.

Opinion

The ancient and mysterious Sphinx, Giza, Egypt.
In 1995, NBC televised a prime-time documentary hosted by actor Charlton Heston and directed by Bill Cote, called Mystery of the Sphinx. The program centered on the research and writings of John Anthony West, a (non-academic) Egyptologist, who, along with Dr. Robert Schoch, a professor of Geology at Boston University, made an astounding discovery on the Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article