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The three musketeers in Condom, France. Source: Migeli Barrios/Adobe Stock

Who Were the Three Musketeers Based On? (Video)


The Three Musketeers, immortalized in Alexandre Dumas' classic, are deeply rooted in the tumultuous political landscape of 17th-century France. Musketeers, originally armed with muskets but often resorting to swords for close combat due to the inefficiencies of early firearms, served as protectors of the French monarchy. Set against the backdrop of the reigns of Louis XIII and Louis XIV, the novel captures the intrigue and power struggles of the era, notably with Cardinal Richelieu emerging as the primary antagonist.

Richelieu's real-life counterpart, Armand-Jean du Plessis, navigated through treacherous political waters to stabilize France after years of religious and civil unrest. The musketeers themselves, based on historical figures, embody a blend of valor and flaws. Porthos, reminiscent of Isaac de Porthau, is portrayed as a jovial wine-loving figure, while Aramis, possibly reflecting Henri d’Aramitz, adds intrigue with his dual roles as a medic and a ladies' man. Athos, likely representing Armand d'Athos, exudes wisdom and melancholy, standing as a pillar of strength among his comrades.

At the heart of the narrative is D'Artagnan, inspired by Charles de Batz de Castelmore, whose adventurous life served as the primary inspiration for Dumas, albeit with some embellishments. Through D'Artagnan's journey, the Three Musketeers transcend fiction, becoming enduring symbols of courage and camaraderie, captivating audiences across generations.

Top image: The three musketeers in Condom, France. Source: Migeli Barrios/Adobe Stock       

By Robbie Mitchell

Robbie Mitchell's picture


I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

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