Gorham’s Cave: Did Neanderthals Create Art? (Video)
The enigmatic past of Neanderthals has long intrigued researchers, raising questions about their cognitive abilities and creative expressions. Nestled within the depths of Gorham's Cave, just off Gibraltar, a Neanderthal haunt for thousands of years, lies a captivating discovery that challenges our perceptions. In this remarkable space, where natural light cascades upon the ancient chambers, clues emerge of a complex existence. Tools, remnants of campfires, and evidence of animal life offer glimpses into their daily routines.
However, what truly captivates the imagination is an engraved piece of rock—a deliberate creation etched by a Neanderthal hand. With meticulous strokes, the tool pressed into the stone, leaving behind a sequence of vertical and horizontal lines. The purpose and meaning of this engraving remain enigmatic, but one thing is certain: it unveils the extraordinary dexterity and cognitive prowess of our Neanderthal cousins.
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Top image: Neanderthal engravings in Gorham’s Cave, Gibraltar. Credit: Stewart Finlayson, courtesy of Gibraltar Museum.