Artist’s representation of underwater ruins.

The Exceptional Underwater City of Cuba: A New Theory on its Origins – Part I


(Read Part II here )

In his Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization , Graham Hancock examines the numerous structures that have been discovered underwater around the world. Most of the sites that Hancock discusses lie less than 120 meters (395 feet) below sea level, which comes as no surprise since the sea level never fell below this mark during the time Homo sapiens walked the earth. Submerged over 700 meters (2300 feet) underwater, the Cuban city discovered by Paulina Zelitsky and Paul Weinzweig during a joint Cuban-Canadian expedition is the singular exception.

Overturning Old Theories

How can the existence of this underwater city at this great depth be reconciled with the well-established consensus that the sea level never dropped so low? In Hancock’s own words: “What one would not expect to find in water anywhere near as deep as 700 meters would be a sunken city - unless it had been submerged by some colossal tectonic event rather than by rising sea levels.”

Reconstructed Image from the sonar scan of the sea floor off the coast of Cuba.

Reconstructed Image from the sonar scan of the sea floor off the coast of Cuba.

However, the hypothesis that the city was originally built at a higher altitude and subsequently sunk to its present depth through tectonic activity has not stood up to the scrutiny of the experts. Grenville Draper of Florida International University considers it highly unlikely that such an event could have occurred: “Nothing of this magnitude has been reported, even from the Mediterranean…”

Supposing Draper’s remarks rejecting the likelihood of the city having submerged are reliable, we are compelled to accept that the city was built at more or less the same depth that the city is located now. In other words, we are faced with the patently absurd conclusion that the structures were built underwater! Though proponents of the aquatic ape theory may beg to differ, it is clear that we have reached an impasse. Could there be an alternative theory that satisfactorily accounts for these structures at such depths?

Great Seas and Vast Depths

On the opposite site of the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea is the Mediterranean Sea. Dividing Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea is an enormous sea - over 2,500,000 km2 (965,255 square miles) that has, at least within the timeline of anatomically modern man, always existed. For millennia, ships of successive great nations and empires sailed the Mediterranean; the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Romans among them. In 146 BC, owing to its victories in the Punic Wars against Carthage, Rome achieved what no known civilization had hitherto achieved; namely, the control of the entire Mediterranean Sea by a single power.

Map of the Mediterranean Sea with subdivisions, straits, islands and countries

Map of the Mediterranean Sea with subdivisions, straits, islands and countries ( CC BY-SA 4.0 )

The Romans, rightly so, called the sea that they ruled over  mare nostrum –  “our sea”. Could the Romans have ever imagined that “their” sea, long before the dawn of man, was once a dry and landlocked basin? Indeed, they may very well have. In Natural History, Pliny mentions in passing a tradition of the inhabitants near the Straits of Gibraltar: “they also believe that [The Straits of Gibraltar] were dug through by him; upon which the sea, which was before excluded, gained admission, and so changed the face of nature.”

Historic map of the Strait of Gibraltar by Piri Reis.

Historic map of the Strait of Gibraltar by Piri Reis. ( Public Domain )

Could it be that the Caribbean Sea has a similar geological history as the Mediterranean Sea? That is, could the Caribbean Sea have been a dry basin, and could it have been so during the existence of anatomically modern man? Having performed an exhaustive search on the topic, I couldn't find a single source within the alternative literature let alone a peer-reviewed scientific paper that put forth such a hypothesis. However implausible this hypothesis may be, if true, it would provide a simple and elegant solution to the problem discussed, namely that of how a city could have been built close to 700 meters (2300 feet) below sea level today, or 580 meters (1900 feet) below sea level even during the maximum drawdown of the world's oceans. If the Caribbean Sea simply did not exist for an extended period of time in the human past, a reasonably advanced civilization inhabiting the area could have built cities on dry land thousands of feet below sea level, even over ten thousand feet below sea level.

Map of the Caribbean Sea and Basin

Map of the Caribbean Sea and Basin ( Public Domain )

When the Caribbean Sea was formed, these cities would have been submerged to a depth equivalent to the depth below sea level that they were originally constructed. The Cuban underwater city would merely be one of these hypothetical cities; thus, an explanation has been provided for the existence of the city at such great depth without recourse to either the city having collapsed to its depth or it having been built underwater.

The Land and the Sea

What are the necessary conditions for the Caribbean Basin to have been dry?

First, the West Indies archipelago, instead of being a string of islands (lying above sea level) separated by numerous waterways (lying below sea level), as it is now, would have had to be a strip of land lying above sea level throughout its entire length. In other words, the Yucatan Peninsula must have been connected to Cuba via a land bridge, instead of being separated by a strait, and Cuba with Haiti, and Haiti with Puerto Rico, and so on, until finally, the island of Grenada must have been connected to the South American mainland with a land bridge, instead of being separated from it by a strait.

Perspective view of the sea floor of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

Perspective view of the sea floor of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. ( Public Domain )

Indeed, if the West Indies were like the Central American isthmus as it is today, unbroken and uniformly above sea level, the Caribbean Basin would have effectively become what geologists refer to as an endorheic basin, a basin that is isolated from the world ocean. However, the isolation of the Caribbean Basin from the larger world ocean, though necessary, is not in and of itself, sufficient for it to have been dry.

In order for the Caribbean to have been dry, there is another necessary condition that must have been met; namely, there must have been an excess of evaporation over precipitation over the basin's watershed. Today, there is indeed an excess of evaporation over precipitation over the Caribbean region, but was this true throughout the entire time behaviorally modern humans have existed, which has witnessed a great variety of climatic conditions? Most likely, the answer is yes, as the tropical and subtropical regions, to which the Caribbean region belongs, have undergone minimal climatic variations even amid the tumult of the ice ages and interglacials that have taken place over the Pleistocene epoch. Therefore, it is reasonable to infer that the Caribbean region had a water balance of evaporation in excess of precipitation throughout much, if not all of the human past, just as it does today.

Underwater ruins, representational image.

Underwater ruins, representational image. (Saramarielin/ CC BY 2.0)

Taken together, these two conditions, both of which are necessary for the Caribbean Basin to have been dry, are sufficient for this to have been so. That is, if the Caribbean Basin were both isolated from the Atlantic Ocean  and evaporation exceeded precipitation over its watershed, it must have been dry.

Given that the latter condition has already been established as highly likely throughout the time period in which man existed, demonstrating that that the former condition also held, shall suffice to prove that the Caribbean Basin must have been dry. Thus, we have established that the Caribbean Basin indeed could have been dry and hence habitable if the Caribbean Basin were isolated. This begs the question: Could the Caribbean Basin have been isolated? In other words, could the West Indies archipelago, which is now an island arc interspersed with deep and numerous waterways, have once been a contiguous landmass uniformly above sea level akin to the Central American isthmus?

Read: The Exceptional Cuban Underwater City: Prehistoric Ramifications of its Origins – Part II

Featured image: Artist’s representation of underwater ruins. Source: BigStockPhoto

By Brad Yoon


Barry Sears's picture

There is a trend through most cultures that projects the human structure and the parental element of life onto our larger surrounding structures of life. Evolution considers the changing process of life on Earth. Religious cosmology considers the relationship between the larger energy systems influencing the smaller like parental guidance. Astrology studies the relationship between the Celestial body and our bodies. Astronomy studies celestial bodies. Galactic evolution studies the stages of the life of galaxies. Creation looks at the structures to life as a repetitive pattern of the body. Science studies the evolution of life on Earth but also the evolution of solar systems and the evolution of galaxies. Religion looks at these structures as repetitive structures of life forms, progressing in size like larger bodies. Religions believe that life has evolved to an extent that the larger structures guide the smaller structures. No culture is so simple that it is just us and God. All cultures look at a progressive structure to life that maximises as the title God as an overall body known scientifically as the universe. If your thoughts are multiverses then these are bound by one structures, if your thoughts again are multi then these are also bound by one. This applies microscopically exactly the same of which if you were to look inside me (one) then you will find parts, of which breakdown into parts. 
All we are doing is looking at different parts in different ways try to comprehend from our point of view.
I am currently watching the study of a culture or belief that divided the Celestial body into parts. This connected to the World body also divided into parts. Parts of the anatomy. From a religious view this is considered the structure of God, who's creative energy system passes down through the formation of multiple Galaxies. The structure to life that forges multiply solar systems within multiple Galaxies. A repetitive pattern to life that produces terrestrial life forms. An energy system that creates the evolution of species that adapt and change to changing environmental conditions and time. 
I am currently watching the parts of the World body and how life is expressed on each of these parts. This includes ancient structures built by ancient civilisations to a global pattern as a template of our surrounding Celestial creative energy system. This story although off on a religious vs creation tangent captures a part of this World structure. The World zodiac is recorded in every zone of the World and I find most fascinating that this design is recorded on this article "Underwater ruins, representational image" The zone of Taurus, the neck of the World. This connects to the zone where the unique characteristic of the buffalo with it's massive neck belongs. 
The same pattern that repetitively passes through different structures in life, simply separated by time and space.
PS If the word is God then all of the words are God's, this includes all books that have been and includes all books that will be.  

Tsurugi's picture


Yeah, notice how it says "take away from the words of the book of this prophecy"; which, if interpreted 'literally'(that's your preference, I take it, based on your website ""), means take 'away'(no redactions) from the book of 'this prophecy'(the book of Revelations).

Yet you seem to want to:

1)Ignore the word "away" so you can...
2)...throw in "add to" when it suits you while...
3)...ignoring that it specifically says "the book of this prophecy" so you can
4)...conflate it to the entire bible, which, by the way...
5)...ignores the fact that most of the Bible isn't prophecy, but who cares as long as you can...
6)...throw in some hellfire and brimstone, which in case you didn't notice...
7)...are also mentioned nowhere in the original verse.

Based on the amount of adding, redacting, changing, etc. you have done to that single verse, I'd say you might be in danger of that hellfire yourself. Good thing it's just something you made up.

Barry Sears's picture

Jack quoted this

“For starters, the book is forbidden from God, and the religion is a cult.”

I have just re-read this and I think what you are trying to say is that the reference I used should not be considered from your view because it isn’t in the bible.

This suggest that no words including your references and written text should be considered from your belief as they do not appear in the bible. Is this what this comment means, could you please confirm? 

Barry Sears's picture

So Jack says that the following millions of people will spend "eternity in Hell" Jack this is your interpretation and this is a very negative and destructive personal interpretation Jack. This is a very aggressive and sad belief you have Jack and I think you are alone with this one. 

Jack's quoted Interpretation of biblical text;-

God warned us in Revelation 22:19 that any who add or take anthing from His Word will spend eternity in Hell. So Islam, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Mormon all ignore that warning at their own peril. All those cults were started hundreds of years and more after God’s Book had been completed. 

Thanks Jack. That’s a much better read. A different style enabling you to state & voice your opinions and beliefs.

A ‘Cult’ is a religious or social group that supposedly deviates from the more ‘novel’ beliefs. But defining what is ‘deviant’ is difficult and for the most part can be wrought with biased thoughts/beliefs making any clear definition problematic.

With in the English speaking world the word ‘cult’ can and is used as a SUBLIME derogatory word and being a subjective word is used to ATTACK others who have differing doctrines or practices.

A ‘Sect is a subgroup of any religious, political or philosophical belief system.

These subgroups are usually an off shoot of any larger religious group. The ‘main stream thought’.

The break away subgroup follows a different set of rules, principals, beliefs and rituals. In many cases this term could be, can and is used in a malicious way suggesting that these break away groups hold ‘heretical’ beliefs or practices. These beliefs being considered deviant from the larger group that they broke away from
Perhaps one of the difficulties that many folks have with Christianity is the following ; The latest (30 years ago), GUESS-TA-MA-TION, globally there are around 20,000 Christian based sects since the official declaration of the Christian faith becoming the official religion of Rome 1,700 years ago.

All 20,000 Sects would/will and do claim that they are in the right and that everyone else is wrong. With some being far more vocal then others.

Did not some one, some where at some time declare; “ you are all the same”.


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