Akhenaten and Nefertiti

Eden in Egypt – Part 2


(Read part 1 ) So if the Garden of Eden was located at Amarna, then what of Adam and Eve? The first thing to note is that Adam and Eve were the first man and first woman. But then so too were Pharaoh Akhenaton and Queen Nefertiti. Just as the American president and his wife are known as the First Man and the First Lady, so too were Akhenaton and Nefertiti. So the Genesis description of them was not wrong - just confusing (and deliberately so).

Note also that Adam and Eve were famed for being innocently naked in their idyllic Garden; but when they were eventually banished from this Garden they became embarrassed by their nakedness and were forced to cover up. This, I believe, is another direct allusion to the famous royal couple from Amarna. Yes, Akhenaton and Nefertiti did indeed float through their beautiful palaces at Amarna in a state of near nakedness, and scene after scene portrays the royal couple in either see-though diaphanous robes or being completely naked. And this probably did cause a bit of a stir in the Egyptian 'media' - the gossiping in the market squares. Think what a media storm would erupt today, if Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh were photographed strolling naked through the gardens at Buckingham Palace!

The Fall and Expulsion of Adam - Michaelangelo

Fig 2.5   A 'lumpy naked body' depiction of the Fall and Expulsion of Adam, by Michaelangelo.

Akhenaton and Nefertiti naked at Amarna

Fig 2.6   Akhenaton and Nefertiti naked at Amarna, just as Adam and Eve were naked in the Garden of Eden. The third torso is of an unknown Amarna queen/princess in a diaphanous robe that is so revealing she might as well be naked.

However, when Amarna was destroyed and the royal couple were forced to flee from their palace (there is no evidence for their deaths there), they would have been forced out into the big wide world of sailors, artisans and farmers. Their usual nakedness, which seemed so respectable and befitting within the confines of the royal court at Amarna, would have looked positively indecent in a rural village or town. There was nothing else to do, except cover up!

Tower of Babel

The topic that inspired this article was actually the Tower of Babel, not the Genesis story, so how does this novel information about Eden effect the famous tower of many languages? Well, the story thus far is one with a distinctly Egyptian flavour, and so if we travel with the descendants of Adam and Eve (Akhenaton and Nefertiti) northwards from Amarna, we arrive at the land of Shiniar, the 'land of two rivers' where the Tower of Babel was built. Well, perhaps, but I rather think that the location they arrived at was actually Shiniyr, the land of the 'mountain of snow'.  And where is the Mountain of Snow, where a massive 'tower' was to be built? Giza, of course.

The Tower of Babel at Giza

Fig 2.7    The Tower of Babel at Giza. Originally, the two main pyramids at Giza would have been covered in pure white limestone, and known as the Snow Mountains, or Shiniyr.

Remember that the Great and Second pyramids were originally covered in pure white limestone, and so they would indeed have looked like two snow-covered peaks standing on the Giza plateau. And so it is likely that the Tower of Babel (the Migdal Babel) was one of the pyramids on the Giza plateau. But if that is so, then what does Migdal Babel mean?

The first thing to note is that migdal is an Egyptian word that is pronounced as maktal meaning 'tower'. Then we come to the Aramaic babel, which is said to mean 'confusion' or 'scatter', much as the biblical story relates. But anyone who has studied Egyptology would instantly know that the Egyptian word berber refers to a pyramid rather than a tower, just as its determinative hieroglyph demonstrates. Furthermore the 'r' to 'l' transliteration, that is so common when transposing from Egyptian to Aramaic, would render this word as belbel in the Torah, just as the Egyptian maktar was eventually rendered as maktal. And this Egyptian-to-Aramaic translation is further confirmed by the similar Egyptian and Coptic word berber ( belbel) meaning 'expel', which is exactly what happened to the people of Shiniyr.

Fig 2.8    The Egyptian berber (belbel) meaning 'expel' or perhaps 'scatter'.  The similar Coptic word berber confirms this translation from the Egyptian.


Fig 2.9    The Egyptian maktar berber (maktal belbel) meaning 'tower pyramid'. The Tower of Babel was therefore a pyramid - the Great Pyramid of Giza.

What we have here is a complete and comprehensive explanation for the meaning and location of the Tower of Babel. In reality the Genesis epic was an Egyptian story and history, and not something derived from Babylon - a region that the Israelites did not go to until the 6th century BC. In reality, the famous Tower of Babel was located in Shiniyr, the land of the snow-white pyramids which is known today as the Giza plateau, and the Migdal Babel is now called the Great Pyramid. And this is not the end of this fascinating story, of course, because the history of the Migdal tower continues right up into the 1st century, and the equally momentous epic of the New Testament. And there, in Judaea, a much later vestal virgin priestess of the pyramids became almost as famous as the tower she was named after - Mary Migdalene, the blonde Princess of the Tower....

Fig 2.10    Mary Migdalene, the Princess of the Tower, lowering her ginger-golden hair down for her lost prince. (Illustration from the fairytale Rapunzel.)


Once more we have seen good evidence that there are elements of real history within the Torah, and that this biblical history often relates stories, events and locations that are closely linked with Egypt. It is likely, therefore, that the entire Genesis story has come from the peculiar events of the Amarna era, when Egypt's first monotheist pharaoh was banished to a barren plain on the eastbank of the Nile. It was in Amarna that Pharaoh Akhenaton penned the Hymn to the Aten, and an analysis of this hymn has demonstrated direct parallels with the account of Genesis. But if all of this is true, then the inescapable and potentially explosive conclusion to be drawn, is that Adam and Eve were Akhenaton and Nefertiti. And so the entire cult of Judaeo-Christianity was based upon the life of Egypt's heretic pharaoh, who was exiled and created a new city and a new kingdom in Middle Egypt - a founder and leader who has been all but expunged from the religion he created.

Featured image: Akhenaten and Nefertiti holding their daughters. Source: Wikipedia

Part 1

By Ralph Ellis


*1  The god Aton or Aten is spelt as Aden in  'The Book of Precepts of Amenemapt, the son of Kanekht'.

*2  Paradise:  meaning 'a walled garden'.

*3   The Great Hymn to the Aten, N. de G. Davies, The Rock Tombs of El Amarna.

The article ‘Eden in Egypt’ has been extracted with permission from the books ‘Eden in Egypt’ and ‘Mary Magdalene, Princess of Orange’ by Ralph Ellis, available from


Sorry but I gotta bite! Working backwards:

As with everything a pious muslim does, it's because the prophet said so. In fact Mohammad's instruction was specifically so his older followers didn't look like old Jews (honestly). However in typically whimsical fashion, the sunnahs have contradictory statements about whether one could dye beard hair black. So Muslims are encouraged to dye grey hair but divided on whether it can be black. Why not use henna? It's halal and not black- bingo! The colour is immaterial.

Next I think you may have the contrast too high on your monitor because daVinci, Titian, Murello all have brunette virgin Marys, to name a few. I say Virgin Mary because that's what the Protoevangelium of James is all about. Not Mary of Magdela. 2000 years have come up with all kinds of pseudo-biographical stuff about these two Marys but i don't think they have been confused until now! I don't need start about how using the prequel to a gnostic gospel as source material is on the dodgy side.

Finally, why would Judaism do anything other? In the story that devout Jewish people hold dear, the Egyptians are the baddies. It's that simple! I'm not sure where you got the extra biographical titles from for Joe and Moe, but Joseph insisted that his bones be taken with them when they returned to Canaan, which makes it pretty clear that he had no cultural affection for Egypt or it's views on the afterlife. 

But why would the Israelites be influenced by Sumer, when they lived in Egypt?

You will find that Judaism will point anywhere and everywhere for the foundation of their religion, but never at Egypt. Even though Joseph was Prime Minister of Egypt and High Priest of Heliopolis, while Moses was a prince and senior army commander in Egypt. Why is this?

Having attained such important roles in Egypt, where do you think the primary influence on the Israelite would come from - from Sumer or Egypt?


As to Mary Mag (Mary of the Tower), it is clearly explained in the Protevangelium that Mary the Virgin was the Judaic equivalent of a Vestal Virgin (hence the name), and Mary Mag was inheriting the same title and position.

As to her hair colour, please find me a renaissance image that does NOT show Mary with ginger or blonde-ginger hair. If Jesus and co were descended from King David, then it is worth noting that King David was similarly 'ruddy' - and a ruddy complexion is usually associated with blonde or ginger hair.

Why do you think that pious Muslims will colour their hair ginger?


I am sorry but when the author brought Mary of Magdala in as a blonde Vestel Virgin linked to the  Pyramids, I lost patience. The problem with this kind of revisionism is that it has to successfully superimpose itself successfully over the current hypotheses. It doesn't. The imagery, tone and suppressed undercurrent of polytheism found in the two concurrently presented creation accounts  in Genesis1 are resolutely Mesopotamian in origin. And yes they do significantly predate the Babylonian exile because for the author to suggest that the Hebrews would ignore their neighbours eastward just because they lodged for some time with their neighbours to the southwest is untenable. Everyone was influenced by the Sumerian/ Mesopotamian culture: even the early, predynastic Egyptians! Akhenaten's cultural influence on the Hebrews can be perhaps spotted in stylings "borrowed" from that hymn by some psalmist authors, but even the Egyptians regarded him as an aberration. Semitic polytheism was also very much idol based and anthropomorphic and the Hebrew monotheism developed from this slowly. They would probably have found Akhenaten's sun-disc worship as odd as his Egyptian peers. It's always good to keep a weather eye on established academia taking safe options regarding the explanation of things when there isn't much solid proof, but a bit daft to constantly suggest it doesn't ever know what it's talking about. 

I think you misunderstand my point.

It is likely that the Genesis narrative is a copy of the Hymn to the Aten by Akhenaton. But the Hymn to the Aten reads a bit like a creation epic, so someone put it at the beginning of the Torah by mistake.

Genesis really belongs in the Exodus era, and it celebrates the dawning of a new day.


first you have to go back in time before 12,000 bc there is just nothing that bring the garden of eden in egypt

adam and eve represent the birth of the humanity.the birth of humanity was in ethiopia long time ago. so it will make more sense to locate the garden of eden near the birth of humanity in the gulf of aden. if eden was in 12,000 bc the gulf of aden was a very nice place if you could imagine the ocean 150 meters below of today

there is also the bahrain island that was a very nice place , so nice that the sumarian have live near it..

there is just nothing that could bring the garden of eden in egypt


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