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The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

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Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. ( world-myth.com)

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Top image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

Comments

I skimmed through this section and have found a lot of well thought out, articulate points. Some of the more intelligent and respectful commentary has ensued. I assuredly do not wish to disturb that balance.

In Genesis, when God refers to us or expresses a plurality it is a reference to the Trinity: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Throughout the Old Testament or Old Covenant (depending on your translation) the Trinity is mentioned and active.

I don't view the alternate 'great flood' accounts as problematic. I view them as corroborative evidence of the same event. The Flood was global and there are equal numbers of articles that support the flood as refute it's authenticity.

Christianity is unique among world religions. The Holy Bible was written in at least 3 different languages by dozens of authors over hundreds of years. The continuity is staggering. Each age has a new 'wise man' who claims to have found a contradiction or mythology. Yet, year after year, the archaeological and physical evidence continues to mount. Inconsistencies disappear. All other world religions offer a pathway for humankind to earn their way to salvation. Christianity states we are saved by grace.

I have always found science to be a bit blind. It takes a huge weed eater to the Biblical canon but never questions itself or applies it's own methodology inward. For example, Carbon dating is routinely off by thousands and occasionally millions of years. Yet, it is a 'reliable' measure of time. It's frustrating to see people who have never once read the Bible cover to cover debate its merits.Science believes in a Big Bang, but not in a Divine Spark of creation. It can't account for its own theories but holds religion to higher standard. It believes the universe and all matter started in a moment's event. It believes in happy accidents.

I highly recommend watching the movie God's Not Dead. More importantly, commit to reading the Bible just once. It would make a world of difference in future conversations. What is often on the internet are a handful of verses taken out of context, googled and plucked out of articles.

Example:

Most people will claim the Bible says that money is the root of all evil.

It doesn't say that, it says the love of money is the root of all evil.

This is just one example of the many subtle differences and misunderstandings that are out there. These discrepancies make a huge difference in what you believe.

Take a moment and make a quality decision at some point in your life. Accept the Lord Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior. He is the Son God. His word is true.

Read Z. Sitchen's "12th Planet". It's all in there in great detail. Don't form your opinions based on this brief article.

For me the Sumerian account is none other than an attempt to further deify human beings Nimrod and his wife-mother Semiramis; fanfiction and propaganda to further consolidate political power.

As for g-ds (the pagan word for Elohym): I learned that plurality in Hebrew is used to describe absolute supremacy/superiority/ability/uniqueness when referring to someone. The Queen of England has often referred to herself as "we" even though she is just one person.

So Elohym, more properly translated as "Powers" not g-ds, is like saying "the ultimate or all-power" in English. As for the trinity; that was invented by Nimrod/Semiramis and introduced to the Israelites in Babel; Nimrod's homebase. Many polytheistic beliefs feature a trinity of its g-ds.

Each human being has a unity of a heart (mind/emotion), a soul (feelings/body), and intensity (acts/might/spirit); just like YHUH which the Hebrew Scripture explains created the physical version of Itself--i.e., the Adam (the ultimate human being)--in Its own image and after Its likeness (possessing a unique point of view and purpose, meaning, desires, etc) then separating Adam into male and female functions of the Adam.

To me, YHUH's Word or Soul aspect was embodied into a human body to represent in the flesh what was only spoken of/written down before; and to fulfill a promise. It was the Word/Soul aspect of YHUH that gave form to everything which Its Heart(Mind) came up with; including reality; and Its Ruah (or Spirit) animated the creation.

Peter Harrap's picture

To Quote Bob Marley “Most people say, Great God come from the sky, take away everything, and make everybody feel high

But IF you know what life is worth you will look for yours on Earth, Now you see the light, Stand up for your right!”

 

 

Great comments from everyone. I have a thought I'd like to interject into the discussion about the 'global flood'.
The Sumerians creation 'myth' details how their home planet entered into our newly formed solar system, in a retrograde orbit, and was captured by the gravitational forces of the outer gas giants and eventually settled into it's current 3600yr orbit. We are told that there was a collision between Nebiru and Tiamat during the 2nd crossing which created our planet, mixed the waters and passed life to us, and caused a lot of inter-planetary movement until all of the planets in our system sorted themselves out gravitationally.
I will suggest that Nebiru's crossing, every 3600yrs, doesn't go unnoticed by the inner planets. The impact of a 4xEarth sized planet entering the intense gravitational fields of the inner solar system would be disruptive, if not catastrophic in nature. I can see tidal waves, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tectonic plate movements, plasma arcing between planets, meteorite showers, all of 'Biblical' proportions and observed by every culture, on every continent. The flood story has to be considered a real event.
The problem, as I see it, is that Niberu's crossing happens every 3600yrs and we have a hard time remembering what happened 100yrs ago. I am a firm believer that there have been several periods in Earths history where civilizations rose up and then where completely wiped off the face of the planet by Nebiru's crossing. Each crossing is different and unique. Depending on where the inner planets are in their orbits, there may or may not be any close planetary encounters. In this case close is bad, far away is good.
The 3600yr time frame also overlays fairly well with the archeological and geological records.
That's my 2 cents worth. Civil discourse is invited, trolls will be mostly ignored but bitch-slapped if I have some time to waste. Knowledge is power, never stop learning.

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