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The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

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Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. ( world-myth.com)

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Top image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

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Peti Miklos's picture

I’m adding to what I just wrote … All the never ending false information concerning astrological events in the heavens, the Milky Way, cosmic boat star formations, the endless semi-scientific gibberish, and all else that has been said in comment on this subject outside of biblical reference is there to serve one purpose only, to discredit any and all belief in God and the events as told in the Bible. That’s it pure and simple, period. 

Someone talking about “now we are in the “Age of Reason” .. no, we are in the Age of Awesome Deception (an Islamic term for the present age, the age of the Dajjal/Anti-Christ/False Messiah). During this time many both powerful and small will attempt to turn people away from God; leaders of governments and religions will conspire together and tell monstrous lies; and deceit will be the rule of day. When you hear the words “now we’re in the Age of Reason,” all the person means by saying them is “you must do away with your belief in God, there is no other option.” 

You know, the Flood has been accounted for by all the peoples of the earth. The stories of it cross borders and cultures everywhere. It is written according to the belief systems, and cultural milieu of each individual people. Yet the facts are the same, there was a worldwide deluge that destroyed the former world and killed the majority of mankind. Only small groups of people survived, along with whatever animals they managed to save. All the people of the world state that this occurred, and it happened to them. This was not some story a person heard from someone else and passed on to the next person who took it back to his own people, and then adopted it as their own. Sorry to burst some people’s bubbles, but this was a REAL worldwide flood. 

My own belief is that the Flood of Noah, and the Sinking of Atlantis, both speak of this same event. “And the waters of the flood covered the earth” “And Atlantis sank beneath the waves;” and in both cases the former world and civilization was destroyed. Also in both cases, and in the other tellings of the event, the flood came about because of the same reason, divine judgment due to the wickedness of mankind.  Same story, only told in a different manner according to the cultural mileau of the people telling of the event, just as it was by ALL the peoples of the earth. 

Yes people, a real flood, and consequences for our actions. And don’t give me any of this “how evil and vengeful this God of yours must be to do this to those he says he loves, no God would do that, therefor there must not be a God.” Please, when your parents punish you it’s not because they do not love you, and it sure doesn’t mean they don’t exist. 

Yes people, a real worldwide flood .. deal with it !!

Peti Miklos

Peti Miklos's picture

Commentationes Eruditi Nike Immanuelis Philologus de Inundantia Noe et Paradisum.

Regarding the Flood of Noah ..

Genesis 7:11 & 12
11. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened. 12: The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.

Genesis 7:19 & 20
19. The water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains everywhere under the heavens were covered. 20: The water prevailed fifteen cubits higher, and the mountains were covered (an additional 15 cubits above the top of the highest mountain, roughly 20 feet)…

Genesis 7:24. The water prevailed upon the earth one hundred and fifty days.

Genesis 8:1 - 8:7
1: But God remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark; and God caused a wind to pass over the earth, and the water subsided (the "water began to subside" is the more accurate translation). 2: Also the fountains of the deep and the floodgates of the sky were closed, and the rain from the sky was restrained; 3: and the water receded (began to recede) steadily from the earth, and at the end of one hundred and fifty days the water decreased. 4: In the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat. 5: The water decreased steadily until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains became visible. 6: Then it came about at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made; 7: and he sent out a raven, and it flew here and there until the water was dried up from the earth.…

So what we have is .. From the time it began to rain, it continued until the highest mountain tops were covered by an additional 15 cubits of water (we do not know the height of the highest mountain prior to the flood, but the text says hills AND mountains, so they knew the difference). At this point God brought the rains to an end, the water begins to subside, and after 150 days the waters had decreased significantly enough for the Ark to come to rest upon the mountains of Ararat. This took seven months to occur, and after an additional three months (in the tenth month) the tops of the surrounding mountains became visible. Then, after an additional forty days (in the eleventh month), Noah releases a raven which apparently flew here and there until the water had completely subsided and the land appeared, most likely it was still muddy at this point. Its being a bird of prey, it was therefore able to sustain itself by feeding on carrion.

The entire duration of the flood from the beginning of the rain until the waters had completely subsided is uncertain as we are given no length of time for that. What is given is that the rain lasted for 40 days, another 150 days passed until the Ark rested on Ararat, thus giving us a total of 190 days. Another 3 months pass before the tops of the surrounding mountains became visable, another 40 days pass before Noah releases the raven. Thus with the previous total of 190 days we add to that another 90 days (3 months), and another 40 days, which brings the total to 320 days, so roughly 45 days short of one year. Until the flood waters were completely gone from that point (the appearence of the land), and when the land became dry, we don't know, but all told, what we are talking about is a tremendous amount of water and a lengthy period of time. 

Thus those who have said it all lasted for 40 days are wrong; that was only the number of days it rained. The person who said the total height of the flood was 15 cubits is wrong too. These statements are what is referred to as "disinformation," ie: incomplete or altered information which is purposefully given to mislead so one will draw the wrong conclusion. Of course in the case of some, they simply may not know from lack of research. In the case of others it is pure deceit, being done to further their own agenda. 

Now regarding Eden ..it's being a prison, and the expulsion from. 

What I have read in several comments is taken completely from Luciferian doctrine. This states that God is an evil and unjust God who keeps Adam and Eve prisoners in the garden against their will, and denies them any knowledge at all. Then Lucifer or his agent Satan appears to them in the form of a serpent, and convinces Eve to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. He does so by convincing Eve that God has been lying to them, that "thou surely will not die, but shall become as gods."

No, they were not kept prisoners in the Garden, it was a Paradise, all that was needed was provided for them within it. Outside of Eden was desolation, everything needed had to be worked for, food scarce, life unpalatable. Adam and Eve could have left Eden anytime, it was not surrounded by walls visible or invisible, or guards to keep them in; but why would they have wanted to leave ? They were not ignorant or lacking in fundamental knowledge; Adam had named all the animals and vegetation of the earth. All was perfect in their eyes, and all was good. In a sense they were as innocent children. The only thing they did not know was the difference between right and wrong/good and evil. All they knew and followed were the ways of God, not the ways of man.

I would propose that if one had the choice to live in Eden/Paradise where all your needs were met, life was was without strife or worry of any kind, and there was no evil of any type, one would definitely choose to live in Eden. Come on now, you can't tell me that if there is only ONE THING you cannot have, you could not live without it. No, no one was a prisoner in Eden, and Eden was never a prison.

The Luciferian doctrine is supported by those known as the Illuminati; Freemasonry; Theosophy and it's offshoot, the New Age movements. Luciferian doctrine is part and parcel of the New World Order, the combined One World Government and Religion that is being put in place by the United Nations under the leadership of the aforementioned supporters of the Luciferian doctrine. This can all be researched by anyone wishing to know the TRUTH.   

If there are any misspelled words, just overlook them; I promise you will survive. 

Peti Miklos

Read the Sci Fi novels of 'Empire of the wolf' and you will see the aliens were here as said and did breed with the locals. They also brought alien workers who were criminals which bred with the local hominoids. The novels are available on amazon- Princess of the empire, Warlord of Tarna, Roswell, the real survivor by WW Rutland

I have found the entire conversation most interesting with widely diverse points of view. I will have to return and re-read this to fully appreciate all that is expressed here. Many questions I have had for years have been answered in many different ways. Also, new questions have come to mind. Thanks

Hello all, and thank you for a fascinating running commentary. I hope someone might enjoy my take on our origins.

IN THE BEGINNING -

“Madam, I’m Adam.”
“That’s a palindrome,” remarked the beautiful woman he had just met.
“Who are you?” asked Adam.
“Eve.”
“That’s a palindrome too.”
Adam looked with interest at this new creature. It was rather like himself he felt, but there was something different about it. He just couldn’t put his finger on it.
Eve looked round at the verdant foliage and the thriving animal life.
"Nice place. Who runs it?"
"Me," replied Adam, reaching for a coconut. He tapped it gently on a rock, whereupon it fell neatly into two cupped halves. He handed one to Eve and quaffed the cool, sweet water from the other. Eve followed suit, but dribbled some down her chin and on to her breast. Adam's gaze followed the trickle with great interest.

At that moment a peal of thunder shook the ground and rattled the leaves in the trees. Adam sat upright, all attention.
"What is it?" asked Eve, not at all alarmed, but slightly curious.
"Shh! I'm listening." Adam held up a warning hand, and after a few more seconds of attentiveness, relaxed again on the grass.
"That's the voice of God."
"And who's he."
Adam looked at her as if she were mad. "He's the Creator. He made all this - the animals and the plants, the lot. Me - and now you I think."
"So he's the owner?"
"Well, yeah."
Eve stood up, stretched and yawned, pouted most attractively and said "I knew there'd be a catch."
After a moment's reflection she went on. "Voice of God? What's he say?"
"Oh, just the usual. Look after the animals,"...and here Eve nodded.
"Have a good time,"... and here Eve smiled.
"Have lots of children."
"Whatever," she replied.
"Anything else?" she asked.
"Uh, yeah...don't eat the forbidden fruit."
And here Eve's eyebrows arched. In his time in Eden, he had never seen an expression like this and didn't know what to make of it.
"Why not?" asked Eve politely but firmly.
"Because He says so, that's why. Look, I like it here so just do as he says, OK?" Without knowing it, Adam had allowed his voice to rise, and Eve was frightened. Even some of the animals looked around with curiosity.
Eve's face had reddened and a tear glistened in her eye. Adam, suddenly remorseful, took her in his arms to reassure her, and then it was the turn of his face to redden.
Unsure what to make of these new emotions, he reclined once more on the sward. The beautiful and idyllic scene before him now failed to enchant him, as he was thoroughly distracted by the woman. He found his gaze returning again and again to her face and form and a strange excitement began to stir in him. His face grew more red, his pulse raced and he felt a strange stirring.
A cry of alarm from Eve frightened them both. She gaped in alarm at the strange phenomenon between Adam's legs. "What is it Adam? Is it alive?"
"I don't know. This has never happened before. I hope it will pass."
Distracted, they gazed at the animals. There, in the distance, was a ram tupping a ewe. Adam, suddenly thoughtful, turned to Eve and said, "That's it. I think that's what I want to do."
Eve looked doubtful, and said, "Feel free. I'll watch from here."
"No," replied Adam. "I mean, with you."
"Why? I mean, what for?"
"I think it has something to do with having the children. He tells me we'll make millions of them."
"How many do you have at a time?"
But she received no answer other than Adam resting hard against her abdomen with that cylindrical object he now sported.
"I must put it inside you," Adam explained, seeking a little co-operation.
"Like that ram? Eew! Besides, I don't want a child."
"Oh you don't have a child every time. I'm not sure how it works."
"No," said Eve, “it's too long. It would kill me I am sure."
"Oh that's all right. I promise I will put it only half way in."
By now, Adam had laid Eve comfortably on the grass, and had begun to commence entry. Eve groaned in fear but complied. "Only half way," she reminded him.
But before long Adam had forgotten his promise, and stroked enthusiastically the length of his member. Eve, for her part, now began to enjoy her role and became more and more excited, crying out, "Put it all in Adam, put it all in."
Adam did not like to tell her that was all there was, and with great presence of mind panted, in time with his plunging "No - no - a promise - is - a promise."
As they lay in stunned silence afterwards, a gentle breeze blew a leaf on to Adam's chest. Absent-mindedly, he rolled it between his finger-tips and lit it in their little fire. He enjoyed inhaling the aromatic smoke.
For her part, Eve wondered where Adam's weapon had gone, and whether it was now doing him some kind of internal damage.
They did this many times in the ensuing days and weeks.
***
In their simple life, they knew there were some rules to follow. Obey God was the first. Don't eat the forbidden fruit was another. They might have guessed that life was a little more complex than that.
The lion lay down with the lamb they were told. With those big, sharp teeth? I don't think so. But that wasn't the point. The point was, life was pretty good. But not everyone was sweet and nice. They knew full well that the snake was not to be trusted. Sleek and smooth and obviously intelligent, they should have known him anywhere. Yet they didn't recognize him when they should have.
It was one of those balmy late afternoons in Eden when Eve was suddenly aware that she was being watched. She started as she saw another human figure. He was a large, powerfully built man with smooth shiny skin, a little greenish in hue. He said his name was Senak and he carried a basket on his hip, and from it drew a crimson fruit shaped like a heart. She enjoyed the tart sweetness of its flesh and accepted a lime-green spear of another exotic species. As she ate, he explained the names and qualities of each fruit in a beautiful and cultured voice. At length, everything in the basket was consumed.
"Of course," he murmured in a rich baritone, "none of these can compare to the Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. I just call it fottok..you like palindromes, I like acronyms. But no, I mustn't tempt you."
He shimmered, and was gone. Nothing moved but a few tufts of grass, then all was still.
***
The next day, he was back. He seemed to appear from nowhere. Just as he began to speak, a tremendous clap of thunder interrupted him.
"Sorry," he eventually said. "Mustn't interrupt his nibs. Thunder - the voice of God? I don't think so."
"This fruit," began Eve. "This fottok"..."
"What does Adam think?" interrupted Senak.
"He's afraid of upsetting God."
"Yes, that's obvious. Mind you, God would be upset. He doesn't like anyone to know what he knows. And you would, you know. That's what fottok does."
Eve pressed Adam to try the fruit. Standing in front of the tree, they saw that it looked much like an apple except that its dusky pink skin seemed to have an internal gleam, hinting at the powers it held.
"Go on," she said. "Or are you scared?"
"I'm not scared, but I just like things as they are."
"Oh, Christ, Adam. Have you no ambition?"
"Don't say that word - He doesn't like it."
"See. You are scared. No, don't bother," she snapped as he put his arms out to embrace her.
It had been some days now since they had coupled and Adam could see that it might be many more before it happened again. He puzzled about fottok and what it might do for him. He worried about Eve and what she might not do for him.
In this reflective state he noticed a rock beneath the tree. Its concave top had accumulated some rainwater and some fottok which had dropped from the tree. It had rotted, but the liquid which resulted looked clear and smelled interesting. He dipped a finger in it and licked it. That wasn't eating - just sipping.
Soon he felt a change to his mind with small zinging sensations. He cupped his hand and took a couple of mouthfuls. He felt wonderful, and beamed at all of Creation.
"Hey, Eve!" he yelled. "C'mere. S'wonderful."
Eve soon arrived and was pleased to see him smiling. She did too, which improved Adam's mood even further.
"Hey, have some. Only drinking fottok, no eating. S'marvellous."
Nothing loath, Eve obliged and they were soon cavorting round the tree like wild young animals.
"Wunnerful stuff. Has'm more." They roared with laughter, frightening some of the smaller animals in Eden. Eve piggy-backed on Adam's shoulders, and as she did, reached up to pluck a fottok. She took an enormous bite and showed Adam, who waited for the voice of God. Nothing happened.
It was quite a party. They finished the magic liquid and gorged on fottok.
Adam tried to embrace Eve, but found that his body would not respond. Eve cried for a long time, while a puzzled Adam subsided into a long, deep slumber. He snored disgustingly, and Eve began to loathe him.
The next day, Adam looked terrible and they both felt vile.
"Adam," she snapped. "I think I'm pregnant."
"Oh Jesus," he replied.
"You know He doesn't like that word either."
The Tree of Knowledge withered and died. A small thunder cloud hovered over the couple for days and weeks and only by leaving Eden were they free of it. Every time they tried to enter Eden, they were met by this dark cloud. The ground was also infested with a particularly nasty snake; it had smooth shiny skin, a little greenish in hue. Instead of hissing, like other snakes, it emitted a little barking noise for all the world like a malevolent laugh.
And they lived unhappily ever after.

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