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Massive 5,000-year-old underground city uncovered in Cappadocia, Turkey

Massive 5,000-year-old underground city uncovered in Cappadocia, Turkey

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The region of Cappadocia in central Turkey is home to one of the most spectacular landscapes in the world – deep valleys and soaring rock formations dotted with homes, chapels, tombs, temples and entire subterranean cities harmoniously carved into the natural landforms. Cities, empires and religions have risen and fallen around these unique underground havens, and yet it seems they still hold a few more secrets. Archaeologists in Turkey have uncovered another massive underground city in Cappadocia, consisting of at least 7 kilometers (3.5 miles) of tunnels, hidden churches, and escape galleries dating back around 5,000 years.

Calling it the “biggest archeological finding of 2014”, Hurriyet Daily News announced that the ancient city was found beneath Nevşehir fortress and the surrounding area, during an urban transformation project carried out by Turkey’s Housing Development Administration (TOKİ). 

“Some 1,500 buildings were destructed located in and around the Nevşehir fortress, and the underground city was discovered when the earthmoving to construct new buildings had started,” writes Hurriyet Daily News.

Nevşehir province in Cappadocia, Turkey

Nevşehir province in Cappadocia, Turkey ( Wikimedia Commons )

Nevşehir province is already famous for its incredible subterranean city at Derinkuyu (pictured in featured image), which was once home to as many as 20,000 residents living together underground. It is eleven levels deep and has 600 entrances and many miles of tunnels connecting it to other underground cities.  It incorporates areas for sleeping, stables for livestock, wells, water tanks, pits for cooking, ventilation shafts, communal rooms, bathrooms, and tombs.

A reconstruction of what the Derinkuyu underground city is believed to have looked like

A reconstruction of what the Derinkuyu underground city is believed to have looked like (Wikipedia)

It is hard to imagine anything surpassing the Derinkuyu underground city in both size and scope, but archaeologists are saying they have reason to believe the newly discovered subterranean city will be the largest out of all the other underground cities in Nevşehir and may even be the largest underground city in the world.

Details regarding the dating of the site and how this was carried out, have not yet been released by those involved. However, researchers have reported retrieving more than forty artifacts from the tunnels so far, so archaeologists may have reached the estimated date of 5,000 years based on those. Numerous other known underground sites in Cappadocia have also been dated to this era.

Despite pouring 90 million Turkish Liras into the urban transformation project so far, the TOKİ has said it will move now move their project to the outskirts of the city so that the newly found city, which is now officially registered with the Cultural and National Heritage Preservation Board, can be investigated and preserved. TOKİ Head Mehmet Ergün Turan told Hurriyet Daily News that they do not view this as a loss considering the importance of the discovery.

“Hasan Ünver, mayor of Nevşehir, said other underground cities in Nevşehir’s various districts do not even amount to the “kitchen” of this new underground city,” reports Hurriyet Daily News.

Through the ages, the Hittites, Persians, Alexander the Great, Rome, The Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Empire, and Turkey have all governed the spectacular region of Cappadocia in Central Anatolia. One hundred square miles with more than 200 underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden passages, secret rooms and ancient temples and a remarkably storied history of each new civilization building on the work of the last, make Cappadocia one of the world's most striking and largest cave-dwelling regions of the world. Now a discovery has been made that may overshadow them all.

The incredible cave houses of Cappadocia, Turkey

The incredible cave houses of Cappadocia, Turkey. Source: BigStockPhoto

Featured image: Derinkuyu underground city in Cappadocia, Turkey. Source: BigStockPhoto

By April Holloway

Comments

I speculate these structures were built due to the 2 catastrophes that happened 12,800 years ago and then again 11,600 years. Both of these events were pieces of Comet Encke that hit earth. The 1st in upper North America on a 1 mile thick glacier that killed most large life in NA and seriously lowered human population numbers there and caused a huge drop in global temperature. The second piece hit somewhere in the ocean and it caused global temps to rise dramatically and this why I think all over the world you see these underground structures all built around this time.

I assume this abbreviation is meant to stand in for 'retard,' which is an offensive word to many. Please refraid from using this word out of respect for people with developmental disabilities and their families. "Retarded" is indeed an appropriate word in some instances, but you have used it pejoratively as if a 'tard' is less than another person.

Good to see Velikovsky is still making money from 'tards.

Underground construction is, as described, easy in some locations, sturdy, resistant to weather and protective against certain types of attack. It also makes it easy to secure food and supplies.

But yeah, much more likely it's aliens or elvis.

The problems with "Worlds in Collision" start immediately with the main premise - Venus split off from Juptiter via a comet. No valid evidence is presented for this incredible claim. First, Jupiter and Venus are made of completely different substances. Second, to drop Venus into the orbit it currently occupies, in the same orbital plane, beggars belief. It would also have to have been dropped in such a way that the ratios of the planetary orbits, which follow a predictable pattern, would not be disturbed. Either that or completed in a staggeringly fortuitous way.

Next, the premise itself is flawed. The Sun and the Moon have vastly more influence on Earth's climate. Venus' contribution to our climate is infinitesimal.

Occam's Razor would say that the much more likely premise is that these builders found a ready source of building materials and a reliable method of climate control in the ground, as many other commenters have pointed out.

Roberto Peron's picture

Yes I have read Velikovsky and heard of the Thunderbolts Project.  A realignment of the planets would no doubt have caused massive earth changes and people living at the time may have retreated to the safest place (ie: underground).  Should such events happen in our own time modern society would likely move underground, or at least much of it for the same reasons (ie: safety and survival).  Fact is we don't really known why these people built these cities underground as we don't have any strong evidence for their reasoning.  So they could have gone underground for many reasons and not simply one.  Personally, I think it had to do with some great climate change event that lasted for a long time and these people were simply trying to survive whatever that event was.

 

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