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Sumerian creation myth

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. ( world-myth.com)

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Featured image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

Related Links

Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological characters

Sumerian creation myth

Enuma Elish - The Epic of Creation

Sumerian Myths of Origins

Sumerian Deities

Related Books

     

By John Black

Comments

The great flood is no myth. The evil government stole Noah's ark off of Mt. Ararat completely intact and classified it. You can see the boat prints and the road they took it out on in google maps. Everything the evil government says is a lie!
The entire government are evil treasonous criminals. The day of the next false flag using the nuke they stole in 2007 and blamed on Iran, America will be destroyed by Russia, China and the SCO. This is the war of Armageddon and you can know it is now because of Planet X and the toxic chemtrails that hide it every day. Planet X will end the war when it rips the earth apart again but 90% of Americans will be dead already. All planned by your evil government.

Tsurugi's picture

Umm.
The biblical text separates Creation and the Flood by eight extremely long-lived generations, just as is described in the Egyptian mythos, the Sumerian myths, the Assyrian and Babylonian myths, etc.

Last I checked, "book separation" was not considered a valid assessment of the passage of time.

Native's picture

I still think “the biblical Flood” originally should be interpreted as the Milky Way River – and it makes no sense at all to think of Noah´s Ark and all animals, unless this imagery should represent the heavenly ship and all the animals of the zodiac.

It seem to me that the authors of the bible has left out the more specific mytho-celestial informations, which can be found in other cultural myths of creation.

Milky Way Mythology - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milky_Way_%28mythology%29

List of Milky Way names - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_names_for_the_Milky_Way

   

truth is the zionists enemy, there is nothing that exposes their their family based piracy like truth.
truth is the joy of all students of consciousness

The Biblical Flood, which took place circa 10,950 BC, was caused by The Annunaki planet's coming too close to the orbit of the Earth. Enlil and Anu did not want the humans they had created to know about this; they wanted them wiped out. Enki was more circumspect, and told Noah and quite likely several others about the coming disaster. Noah, who was a half-breed (Anunnaki and human), was given instructions by Enki for construction of the Ark. When their planet got close there were earthquakes all over the world and there were interplanetary stratospheric electromagnetic exchanges, which played havoc with the weather. The Flood came from the sudden melting of the South Polar ice-cap, which also may have been accompanied by a pole shift, which caused the ice subsequently to re-settle on the opposite side of that continent. The fact that the Flood killed all the mammoths in present day northern Siberia gives some idea of the mayhem experienced everywhere else on this planet. This bears no relationship whatsoever to creation myths. My apologies Tsurugi-san.

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