Elongated Skull in Paracas

Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released – with incredible results

Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru.  It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls.

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while cranial deformation changes the shape of the skull, it does not alter its volume, weight, or other features that are characteristic of a regular human skull.

The Paracas skulls, however, are different.  The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening. They also contain only one parietal plate, rather than two. The fact that the skulls’ features are not the result of cranial deformation means that the cause of the elongation is a mystery, and has been for decades. 

Artistic - Elongated Skull

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore / Ciamar Studio

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of the local museum, called the Paracas History Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of the Paracas skulls, allowed the taking of samples from 5 of the skulls. The samples consisted of hair, including roots, a tooth, skull bone and skin, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. Samples from three skulls were sent to the geneticist, although the geneticist was not given any information about what they came from until after the genetic testing, so as not to create any preconceived ideas.  

The results of a DNA analysis of one of the skulls are now back, and Brien Foerster, author of more than ten books and an authority on the ancient elongated headed people of South America, has just revealed the preliminary results of the analysis. He reports on the geneticist's findings:

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

The implications are of course huge. “I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” the geneticist wrote. He added that if the Paracas individuals were so biologically different, they would not have been able to interbreed with humans.

The result of this analysis is only phase one of many phases of analysis due to take place.  The next tests will involve having the initial test replicated, and conducted on other skulls, so that the results can be compared to see if there are any specific Paracas characteristics. We will update when more details emerge.

Watch the video interview with Brien Foerster revealing new details about the genetic analysis.

Featured Image: An elongated skull found in Paracas

By April Holloway


Carol Ann1's picture

Interesting...I live on the Florida Panhandle near Pensacola, and have learned that most of the indigenous burial sites which have been investigated near my home have found at least one or two individuals of larger stature which also have the elongated skulls.   At the Naval Live Oaks Nature Preserve in Gulf Breeze there is a burial ground which had one of these elongated skulls, and oddly it was buried face down and had a human bone placed in it’s mouth.  From beads found at the site it’s latest occupation was thought to be early 1700’s.  I obtained this research from a dig done in the early l960’s from the curator at the Fort Walton Beach Indian Temple Mound, but no analysis was done on the skull and the site was since acquired by the government and is now strictly ‘off limits’ (they have security guards). There are also stories from the Fort Walton Beach Indian Temple Mound (not far from this site) that Civil War soldiers camped there and dug up what we would label as ‘giant’ skeletons, but they were reportedly destroyed during fighting at that time.  It does seem that emulation via cradleboarding had to have come from someplace for them to want to do something so odd, so perhaps legends of the Paracas people traveled all the way to North America over time.  Perhaps these Florida natives with the elongated skulls were like spiritual leaders or shamans..chosen by heredity so they had their heads bound as babies? I have read about other Native American Indian tribes which practiced the skull the Mandan tribe reported on by the Lewis and Clark Expedition...much farther north than Florida.  Since this video seems somewhat dated, I’m curious to know if funding was obtained to be able to get DNA results for the other two Paracas skulls yet?  

Carol Ann1

Mario Juarez's picture

Is somebody doing some DNA analysis on Malta`s elongated skulls?

There is some correlation in Between Paracas`s and Malta`s elongated skulls?




Mario Juarez

Carol Ann1's picture

Wow, thank you for your post Mario!  I did not know about the Malta elongated skulls and just found a fantastic link that tells more about them.  It seems from reading it that there actually was an ancient race of people who had the trait which could be passed on genetically and it’s very strange that 7,000 of them just ‘disappeared’ after being discovered.  It would seem for some reason people have tried to hide their existence.  I wonder if it would even be possible to get DNA from them that could be analyzed because they are even older than others which have been found throughout the world….very interesting and I can see the connection between them and other cultures.  I recently learned that the Hittite people had two types of appearances.  Some of them were Indo-European but the other half had extremely elongated skulls.  I found information in the Egyptian Amarna letters that Akenaton’s father corresponded with the Hittites about receiving a princess for his harem from them and thought perhaps Nefertiti could have been that princess since she and her daughters had the same kind of elongated Hittite skulls.  Here is the link about the Malta skulls which has me so excited at the moment:   Since many people think the Malta people went in boats to the places like Crete etc., perhaps some of their DNA mixed with others and eventually their descendants (from the Mediterranean region) went by boat to South America :-)

Carol Ann1

Carol Ann1's picture

Oh, I just figured out I can ‘Edit’ my comments :-)


Carol Ann1

Carol Ann1's picture

I wanted to share an article which is based upon genetic studies about the origins of red hair in human beings.  I learned that Neanderthals had red hair and that because it is considered a mutation and recessive trait, both parents must have red hair for it to be passed on.  In any event it ‘seems’ to prove that the Paracas people were not originally from South America.  It says all these people share a common ancestry that can be traced back to a single Y-chromosomal haplogroup: R1b, and this link discusses the genetic evolution and cultural spread of the R1b red headed mutation in detail:

Carol Ann1


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