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Mount Hua, Huashan, trail

Mount Hua Trail: Where 100 People Plummet to Their Deaths Every Year

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The Huashan Trail is considered by some to be one of the most dangerous hiking trails in the world. This trail is located on Huashan (or Mount Hua), a mountain situated near the city of Huayin in the Chinese province ofShaanxi. Fatalities on the Huashan Trail have indeed occurred over the years, and there are rumors that as many as 100 lives are lost on the trail each year. It should be pointed out, however, that such claims have not been substantiated.

A steep path on the Huashan trail.

A steep path on the Huashan trail.(blog.unboundly)

Sacred Mount Hua

Huashan is one of theFive Great Mountains of China, the other four being Taishan (in Shandong), Hengshan (in Hunan), Hengshan (in Shanxi), and Songshan (in Henan). These mountains are sometimes referred to by the cardinal directions they occupy, and Huashan, being in the west, is known also as Xiyue. These mountains have been considered sacred by the Chinese for millennia, and, for that reason, they have attractedpilgrims who have visited the mountains with the intention of reaching their peaks.

Huashan has five peaks, which are named based on their direction, i.e. the North, South, East, West, and Central Peaks. These five peaks were once home to a great number oftemples, though only a few of them remain today. The majority areTaoist temples, as Huashan is considered to be a sacred mountain by its followers. Another reason for this is the belief thatLaozi, the founder of Taoism, once lived and gave sermons on this mountain.

A temple on Huashan.

A temple on Huashan. (Raffaele Nicolussi/CC BY 3.0)

Due to the sacred nature of the mountain, ancient pilgrims were drawn to Huashan, and it was them, as well asmonks andnuns, who began carving a network of stairs and trails that led to the mountain’s peaks.

These days there are several reasons why people go to Mount Hua. One of the lesser-known attractions is the Huashan Teahouse, which was once a temple.Times of India reports that the reward for the treacherous trek up the mountain is a tea that “is all natural, and is made of water from snowmelt, rain, and mountain springs.”

As Huashan became a popular site for tourists to visit, these ancient trails were reinforced to ensure the safety of those who visit thesacred mountain. Further improvements to the trail have also been made by the Chinese authorities in the preceding decade. Nevertheless, several tragedies, in which people lose their footing and fall to their deaths, have been reported over the years.

Travel map of Huashan mountain in China.

Travel map of Huashan mountain in China. (CC BY SA 4.0)

Hiking for Thrills and Beautiful Views

For some, it is thisthrill and danger, rather than the sacredness of the mountain, or the tasty tea, which draws them to hike Huashan. Yet for others, it is the scenery of the mountain that prompts them to take the risk ofhiking the Huashan Trail. Huashan’s five peaks each offer different panoramic views to those who succeed in conquering them.

The South Peak, for example, is the highest peak of Huashan (and also of the Five Great Mountains), hence its title as the ‘Monarch of Huashan’. This peak is known also as the ‘Landing Wild Geese Peak’, as legend has it that wildgeese returning from the south would land on this peak.

It is also on the trail of the South Peak that the most dangerous part of the hike is to be found. This is the so-called ‘Plank Road’, where hikers have to walk across a 0.3 meter (0.98 ft.) wide plank path built along the side of a verticalcliff. The magnificent view from the summit is the reward for crossing the ‘Plank Road’. From this height, one can see the four other peaks of Huashan, as well as theYellow River far below.

The Perilous ‘Plank Road’ on Mount Hua. (flocu/Adobe Stock)

The other peaks have their own nicknames as well. The East Peak is known also as the ‘Facing Sun Peak’, whilst the West, Central, and North Peaks are known as the ‘Lotus Flower Peak’, the ‘Jade Maiden Peak’, and the ‘Cloud Terrace Peak’ respectively. These peaks each have unique attractions worth visiting as well. On the West Peak, for example, there is a Taoist temple called Cuiyun Palace, which has a rock in the shape of alotus before it, hence the peak’s nickname. There are also seven rocks beside the temple, which, according to folklore, were formed when the mountain was ripped apart by Chenxiang in his attempt to rescue hisimprisoned mother.

Scenic view from the Mount Hua (Huashan), one of the most popular travel destinations in China. (MaciejBledowski/Adobe Stock)

Top Image: Dangerous walkway at top of holy Mount Hua, China. Source:flocu/Adobe Stock


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Tsurugi's picture

That looks amazing. I'd definitely try it, it would be worth it for the views alone, not to mention the temples at the top. If I fell, well....there are worse ways to die. lol

Good luck with that. Call me when you get back.

dhwty's picture


Wu Mingren (‘Dhwty’) has a Bachelor of Arts in Ancient History and Archaeology. Although his primary interest is in the ancient civilizations of the Near East, he is also interested in other geographical regions, as well as other time periods.... Read More

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