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The Sphinx and Great Pyramids of Egypt

36,400 BC: The Historical time of the Zep Tepi Theory

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Many conjectures have been made concerning the monumental complex of Giza. Some of these fall within the theories of the so called “independent school of Egyptology”, of which they constitute a great part. It is undeniable that “academic” Egyptology has greatly contributed to our knowledge of a unique and incomparable civilization, incredibly developed socially, artistically and scientifically. Unfortunately, academic Egyptologists have also persisted in misattributing some archaeological finds to Dynastic Egyptians, which I believe have little to do with that civilization. This has created confusion among researchers and has affected our comprehension of the prehistory of Egypt.

In the last 20 years, one of the most outstanding theories, in scientific terms, is that proposed by Robert Bauval, known as The Orion Correlation Theory. He proposed a correlation between the major pyramids of Giza and the three largest stars forming the Belt of Orion. Particularly, he suggested that a perfect alignment between the former and the latter  occurred in the year 10,450 BC.

As a result of this, a fervid debate among scholars originated, which has long slowed, and at times even impeded, objective analysis of the pyramid complex.

International Conference on Ancient Study, Zayed Univesity, Dubai.

Ahmed Osman, Armando Mei, Robert Bauval and John Major Jenkins.  

International Conference on Ancient Study, Zayed Univesity, Dubai. Photo Credit: Armando Mei

Still mysteries remain, for example, the dispute over the “Zep Tepi” (‘First Time’ or Golden Era). While academics agree to confine its purpose to mythology, I believe that their position conflicts with the long lists of sovereigns found so accurately transcribed in Egyptian documents and temples. I do not believe that the First Time is a myth, as it is regarded by some researchers.  I assume that the Zep Tepi was an historical time of prosperity. In my opinion, all major monuments of Giza were built before the Dynastic Age to celebrate the Age of Osiris rule. But, when were the monuments of Giza built?

Astronomical Configuration & the Zep Tepi

I studied the astronomical configuration of the sky above Giza in the remote past. First of all, I analyzed the astronomical configuration concerning the sky above Giza in the year 10,450 BC (Bauval’s Theory).

Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory – Vernal Equinox 10,500 BC

Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory – Vernal Equinox 10,500 BC. Al Nitak is not on the Meridian and not connected to the Great Pyramid. Sirius is under the Horizon. Planets have not a symbolic arrangement.

At the dawn of the vernal equinox, the Constellation of Lion is right on the ecliptic, while the Constellation of Orion is on the Meridian. Remarkable is the position of Mintaka, because this star lies on the Meridian while Alnitak has moved toward the south-east.  In my opinion, this is not the right configuration, because I would expect to find Alnitak (the correspondent of the Great Pyramid, the most important monument of Giza) on the Meridian and not the pyramid of Mycerinus, the smaller pyramid of Giza. Any other astronomical object, close to the monuments of Giza, were in the Sky at that time.

The Age of the Zep Tepi

In the following table, what is most striking is the configuration of the sky above Giza in the year 36,420 BC. At the dawn of the vernal equinox, at an entire astronomical precessional cycle before 10,450 BC, all monuments of Giza were perfectly aligned with the constellations as follows:

The Sky above Giza at Vernal Equinox in the year 36,400 BC: my proposal on Historical Golden Age of the Zep Tepi

The Sky above Giza at Vernal Equinox in the year 36,400 BC: my proposal on Historical Golden Age of the Zep Tepi (processing by Armando Mei)

At the dawn of the vernal equinox.

The Lion constellation and Sphinx are closely connected to the East. The Orion constellation is on the Celestial Meridian, exactly above the Pyramids.  Most importantly, it’s a perfect connection between Al Nitak – the largest Star of the Belt of Orion – and the Great Pyramid, the biggest monument in the Giza Plateau. The connection occurred only in this astronomical configuration and in no one astronomical alignment ever proposed by experts, from 2,000 AD to 100,000 BC.

As Al Nitak cuts the Celestial Meridian, so the Great Pyramid lies in the center of emerged lands, the main meridian and parallel intersection, or rather at the distance of 1/3 between the Equator and North Pole, symbolizing the “natural zero” for longitude.

Moreover, there are many astronomical guidelines proving the concept of the Beginning of a New Age. First of all, the planets positions. They are positioned in the south-east hemisphere, as though following the rising Sun through its movement along the ecliptic. In particular, the Moon is a New Moon, and it’s positioned just below the celestial horizon, ready to follow the Sun’s movement towards the light.

Symbolism Analysis

The seven planets are positioned along the ecliptic in a perfect row, fixing the beginning of the New Era. Just below the ecliptic, the New Moon gives way to Sunrise - the rebirth of the New Light - that will flood the Land of Egypt, bringing lifeblood for new crops. In a few moments, the Moon will follow the god Sun-Ra, through its astronomical move; while all courtiers-planets, waiting for him, will be darkened by its vitality.

In its rising path, the Sun-Ra will have its first stop at the foot of the Lion Constellation-Sphinx, where it will meet Jupiter-Temple of Valley; Jupiter symbolizes the Father of the Gods, and it’s an expressive symbol of Justice.

Giza 36,400 BC - Lion Constellation meets Mercury and Jupiter – Two mysterious temples have planets proportional values

Giza 36,400 BC - Lion Constellation meets Mercury and Jupiter – Two mysterious temples have planets proportional values (processing by Armando Mei)

Sun-Ra then meets Mercury-Temple of the Sphinx, the Messenger of the Gods, ready to accomplish its function: give forth the Beginning of the Zep Tepi.

The arrangement of two planets, in conjunction with the star Regulus, has an amazing meaning. If we take a look at the Sphinx, there are two temples at its feet; the buildings, characterized by colossal and mysterious columns, were built at the same time as the Pyramids and represent Jupiter and Mercury.

In his climbing path, that will lead it to the Zenith, Sun-Ra meets Venus, symbolizing Love, Passion and Beauty. The planet is located in the south-east quadrant, almost half way from the Zenith.  It is not an accidental position, and also it is the astronomical connection that gave birth to the original symbolic meaning of “unity of Opposite. An "astronomical wedding" takes place between different cosmic objects - a planet and a star – before walking together to the sunset.

Lastly, the Sun meets Mars, the red planet, symbolizing Power. It is time to establish the Rule over the Universe, sitting on the throne of the Sky, so as for Osiris when he ruled over the Land of Egypt, starting the Age of the Zep Tepi.

Now, the Sun-Ra is at the Zenith. Everything has been accomplished according to the Laws of Astronomy.  Passing the Zenith, the Sun-Ra goes through the ecliptic, in the south-west quadrant, where Saturn is waiting.

Observing the astronomical map, a curious detail strikes: all planets, whose names are associated with the days of the week, are on the ecliptic. It is very intriguing to note that the planet of rest, Saturn-Saturday, is located exactly in the south-west quadrant, the place of death for Ancient Egyptians. The disposition of Saturn is very fascinating.  In Hebrew traditions, they consider Saturday as the day of rest, dedicating it for celebrating the Lord. It means that Hebrew Traditions could have been influenced by memories of Zep Tepi.

Isis-Sirus & the Zep Tepi

Ancient Texts of Pyramids told us about connections between the Star Sirius and the Goddess Isis. She played a great role after the death of Osiris, at the climax of the Zep Tepi.  So, when Giza was projected, the builders gave her a key role; they built a monument to celebrate the goddess who preserved Egypt.  The monument is located south-east of the Sphinx, known as the Tomb of Khentkhaus.

As I explain in my book “The Gods Secret”, three clues prove my purpose:

1) a correct interpretation of the Inventory Stele;

2) Star Sirius position in the sky above Giza in the year 36,400 BC.

3) proportional connections between physical values of the Star and dimensions of the Monument.   

Correct interpretation of Inventory Stele hieroglyphs is essential to explain where her monument was built.

Abstract from Inventory Stele.

Abstract from Inventory Stele. Credit: Armando Mei)

The academic interpretation of the inscription is is:

He [Cheops] found that the temple of Isis, lady of the pyramid, was near the temple of the Sphinx (…)”

A correct interpretation of the hieroglyphs gives the following translation:

He [Cheops] found that the temple of Isis was beside the pyramid near the temple of the Sphinx (...)”

The hieroglyph, shown below, is the key to the mystery. Academics have misunderstood the meaning of the phrase. The hieroglyph comes into the sentence twice... first, it means "beside", and second it means "near". Egyptologists have translated it only once, making a remarkable mistake in translation..


So, according to the Inventory Stele there is a monument beside the Pyramid near the Sphinx. But where? Take a look at the Astronomical Map. Sirius is just above the horizon between the Lion and Orion constellations.

Lost Tomb of Khentkhaus is the correspondent of the Star Sirius

Lost Tomb of Khentkhaus is the correspondent of the Star Sirius (processing by Armando Mei)

The Tomb of Khentkhaus has the following property:

  • The lower part was built at the same time as the Pyramids and Sphinx;  
  • The lower part of the tomb has water erosion so to as the Sphinx;
  • Its base is entirely carved in the rock and has a spiral shape. Its transposition on a plane surface is equal to the orbital movement of Sirius;
  • Khentkhaus’ tomb proportions are very close to some Sirius physical parameters, for example: Tomb height is 10mt.; in Egyptian cubits is: 22.37. Sirius brightness is 22.40. (Difference  -0,03); Area of the Tomb is: 2083.9 square meters. Sirius Mass is 1/1000 of this value: 2,15  (Difference -0,067); Tomb Perimeter is: 182.6 mt. Sirius Radius is 1/100 of this value: 1.88 (Difference -0.054);.
  • Sirius Angular Separation from East is: 67°59’22”; Khentkhaus Tomb position from East is: 67°32’00”, a difference of 0°27’22”.

In conclusion, the lower part of the Khentkhaus tomb is the Ancient Throne of Isis!

That’s the hermetic message that the Lost Civilization of Giza wanted to convey. In the Age of Lion, preceding the perfect alignment that Bauval suggested, an extraordinary event took place. This event marked the climax of an amazingly developed civilization, that managed to colonize emerged lands and whose fingerprints have resisted the passing of time, but who wished to leave a record of their presence on Earth.

 © Armando Mei, 2014

Featured image: The Sphinx and Great Pyramids of Egypt. Source: BigStockPhoto

By Armando Mei



Barry Sears's picture

I do believe you will find the Earth zodiac is the missing link. The ancient study of the World anatomy around the connective equatorial belt. Zodiac icons are Earthly symbols sourced from each of the 12 zones around the equator. Leo the lungs is Egypt, Virgo the womb is Israel, the heads of Easter Island, stonehenge is cancer....
For my if you look from the sphinx to the tips of the pyramids they once may have connected to the rise of the Leo constellation. Google maps gets you to the sphinx to look at the pyramids. 

Lots of theories. Lots of pieces to put together.

Astrology ascribes Divine Powers to what appear to be distant suns. The interest for the mystic and the scholar that such constellations have is due to their very real properties, because from them, and certainly from Orion's Belt, "APPEAR" to be emitted thunderbolts of divine celestial power on occasion, according to both mythology and recent observation.
Now the crux of the matter resides in the word APPEAR, because it goes some way to explaining the study of Astrologies in ancient times when men and women were dependant, as now, upon Divine Favour, but who then unlike modern urban man, skies clear enough to marvel and to learn from what they could observe.
So this article is interesting, but unwise to contest itself as fact, rather than as a new modern myth, similar to, and invaluable to us as is Mesurier's " The Great Pyramid Decoded".
WE are here dealing with coincidence, yes, but also possibility. Our own personal search for the Divine is aided, like scriptures by such work, but if we are honest about it, should we not then add to it the open air roofless stone circle sites, as places where seekers go in hope of an initiation?
Surly Callanish, Stonehenge, and their like globally had this use, and it was this use, and not for anything lesser that such structures were first built? Like the Pyramids and Stonehenge they later were adopted by barbarians for feasting and blood sacrifice of animals, for burial and mummification of pet and Pharoah, but was this their purpose in the beginning?
In the Bible, is there a single reference to Pyramid construction by Jews conscripted, as in a cartoon film? No.
In the Bible, there is no reference to their existence, or that of the massive sculpted Egyptian temples either. The only fairly reliable record of building them , or their like, is in Akhenaten's correspondence, and these are much much later than the building of Pyramids whether by God, or by Man, or When, and these writings refer to the construction of an entire urban temple complex, though notably all those helping hands descending toward his family from the Sun should clue you in!!

Are you kidding me???

Khentkhaus’ tomb proportions are very close to some Sirius physical parameters, for example: Tomb height is 10mt.; in Egyptian cubits is: 22.37. Sirius brightness is 22.40. (Difference -0,03); Area of the Tomb is: 2083.9 square meters. Sirius Mass is 1/1000 of this value: 2,15 (Difference -0,067); Tomb Perimeter is: 182.6 mt. Sirius Radius is 1/100 of this value: 1.88 (Difference -0.054);.

How can you even make such ridiculous comparisons? You might as well say WW2 ended in 1945 and the melting point of gold is 1945 F (Difference 0.0). or The escape velocity from the Earth is 7 miles per second and there are 7 days in a week (Difference 0).

Barry Sears's picture

The study of animals and the regions of the World were the secret to interpreting our corresponding surrounding Celestial energies. The Egyptians have recorded how the World was also a complete body and this projected out to the full Celestial body of Nut. The twelve zones around the equator, give evidence through animal features and these were selected from each region of the World and then projected out to our Celestial surroundings. The lion was selected to connect to this region of the World as it contains the unique feature of the mane wrapped around the lung region of the anatomy. When the Egyptians studied the single species of the cat they express the changes in features from the head of the World to the base. The lynx has dominant facial features as it is from the head region, the jaguar strong forearm dynamics, the lion the lungs... Each zodiac sign is about the animal dynamics and dominant feature. The circular zodiac of Denderah rotates opposite to the Celestial zodiac of Nut because it is about the Worlds animals and regions. The sphinx of Leo connects to this lung region of the body, the World body and then to the Celestial body. The region of Israel is about the womb, the next region of the World anatomy, also corresponding to the Celestial body. 

The full structure of the Sphinx with running water would have been amazing in it's glory. Do you know if there is a viewing platform on the back of the Sphinx? I am curious if when positioned here and view the pyramids, does the apex of the pyramids align with corresponding stars?

No one can deny that the Sphinx has been a unique symbol of the Ancient Egyptian civilization from its ancient times to the present. It has inspired the imaginations of thousands of artists, poets, adventurers, scholars, and travelers from all over the world. For centuries, the Sphinx has inspired endless speculation about its age, its meaning and the secrets that it might hold.The Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed in the 4th Dynasty (2575 – 2467 B.C by the Pharaoh Khafre. it is carved out of a single ridge of limestone 240 feet long and 66 feet high. The Sphinx is only part of a set of structures built to serve the cult of the dead king and the sun god, Re, consisting of a pyramid, Pyramid Temple, causeway, Sphinx, Sphinx Temple, and Valley Temple


Armando Mei's picture

Armando Mei

Armando Mei is an investigative journalist born in Turin in 1967. He worked in prominent Italian newspapers.  A self-trained Egyptologist, he worked on many research projects that were the seed for his book (italian version): "36.420 B.C - Le Piramidi... Read More

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