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All the latest news on finds, advancements, and research in archaeology and ancient history, from the No 1 Ancient History website in the world

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: From 1967 to 1969, archaeologists excavated the Kyrenia shipwreck, which had been discovered off the north coast of Cyprus in 1965.	Source: Cornell University

Almonds, Pottery and Wood Help Accurately Date Famed Kyrenia Shipwreck

Cornell University Researchers have identified the likeliest timeline of the famous Hellenistic-era Kyrenia shipwreck, discovered and recovered off the north coast of Cyprus in the 1960s. Historic...
Researchers at Jabal Kaf Addor rock shelter in the Al Habhab region, UAE.  	Source: Fujairah Tourism & Antiquities Authority

Arabian Rock Shelter Shows Evidence of Human Occupation From 13,000 Years Ago!

Contrary to popular belief, Fujairah in southeast Arabia, was not deserted in ancient times. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed human settlements in the area, resetting previously...
An illustration of various planetary technosignatures, including artificial atmospheric gases. Source: Sohail Wasif / UC Riverside

Scientists Identify Greenhouse Gases Which Could Signal an Inhabited Planet

While we have yet to identify life on any other planet or anywhere else in space, a new study has revealed the telltale signs which could indicate a planet being inhabited . Researchers at the...
Apotheosis or deification of Roman emperor Claudius. 	Source:	I, Sailko/CC BY-SA 3.0

Retrieving Rome's Last Teutoburg Eagle: Claudius' Quest (Video)

In 9 AD, the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest marked one of Rome's most devastating military defeats, resulting in the loss of three legions and their revered eagle standards. The capture of these...
Battle of Vienna 1683. 	Source:	Public Domain

Siege to Salvation: The 1683 Battle of Vienna

Europe has seen a lot of bloody battles throughout its history, but few have been as pivotal as 1683’s Battle of Vienna. This bloody confrontation between the Ottoman Empire as the aggressors and a...
AI image representative of a Neanderthal child.	Source: robert/Adobe Stock

Neanderthal Child with Down’s Syndrome Received Compassionate Group Care

An anatomical study of a piece of a Neanderthal child’s skull showed that this young person had been born with severe health challenges, of a type commonly associated with Down’s syndrome. Yet...
Ivory fragments of the pyx arranged in the round on a white background.	Source: © Universität Innsbruck

Stunning 1,500-Year-Old Ivory Reliquary Discovered in Austria

Since the summer of 2016, archaeologists from Innsbruck have been excavating a late antique hilltop settlement in the municipality of Irschen in southern Austria. Their efforts have unearthed...
Archaeologists at work in a large burial field in southeastern Norway, where 40 circular stone formations with cremated bone remains, mostly from children, were found placed in the middle.		Source: Museum of Cultural History/Science Norway

Ancient Stone Circles Cover 2,800-Year-Old Graves of Children in Norway

An ancient burial field in Norway that features more than 40 circular stone grave markers has been found to contain the remains of mostly children, all of whom died more than 2,000 years ago, Norway’...
Portrait of a man dressed like Moctezuma.

The Social Hierarchy of the Aztec Empire: A Complex Human Mechanism

The Aztec Empire, known for its grandeur and sophistication, was one of the most powerful and influential civilizations in Mesoamerican history. Flourishing from the early 14th century until the...
Port Erin, Calf of Mann, Isle of Man.    Source: tr3gi/Adobe Stock

Short History of the Isle of Man, the Small But Significant Island

Nestled in the heart of the Irish Sea, the Isle of Man is a small, but very significant island nation with a rich history that stretches back thousands of years. T he Isle of Man boasts a unique...
Worked human bones found on Janitzio island in an excellent state of conservation. Source: CINAH Michoacán

Traditional Boat Find Reveals Pre-Hispanic Treasures in Mexico

A recent accidental discovery of a traditional boat, or tepari, on the island of Janitzio in Lake Pátzcuaro has led to significant archaeological findings, shedding new light on the region's pre-...
16th century painting of Wilfred receiving a charter from King Cædwalla.	Source: Chichester Cathedral/UCL

West Sussex’s Lost Early Medieval Kingdom Has Been Rediscovered

New research by UCL Archaeology South-East archaeologist suggests West Sussex in England successfully resisted Saxon rule for centuries longer than originally thought, and a kingdom existed there...
A recreation of the original Roman sandal. Source: Courtesy of the Bavarian State Office for Monument Protection.

Archaeologists Discover a 2,000-year-old Roman Military Sandal with Nails for Traction

Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of a 2,000-year-old Roman sandal near an ancient military fort in Oberstimm, Bavaria in Germany. The discovery was made while conducting excavation work at a...
Portrait of the royal Queen Elizabeth I. AI generated image. Source: AS Photo Family/Adobe Stock

Opulent Excess: The Elizabethan Ruff Trend (Video)

During the Elizabethan era , the trend of wearing oversized collars became synonymous with aristocracy and opulence. These massive collars, known as ruffs, were not merely fashion statements but...
A collection of over 3,000 years old endangered prehistoric engravings Source: Author provided

History Sleuth Explores Cordillera's Little Known 3,500-Year-Old Alab Petroglyphs

Carved on a boulder resting at Mt. Data of Alab Oriente, Bontoc, Mt. Province is a remarkable plethora of 2 nd millennium BC petroglyphs. The oldest and only kind of engravings that is discovered by...
Elaborate artifacts were found in the Roman-Greco tombs unearthed in the Aswan region, Egypt.	Source: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities of Egypt

Greco-Roman Burials Indicating Ancient Disease Unearthed in Egypt’s Aswan

A joint Italian-Egyptian archaeological mission near the Agha Khan Mausoleum west of Aswan has successfully unearthed numerous family graves, 33 tombs in total, dating back to the late Greco-Roman...
Close up of the 44,000-year-old wolf from Siberia.

Perfectly Preserved 44,000-Year-Old Wolf Discovered in Siberian Permafrost

A remarkably well-preserved ancient wolf has been unearthed from the Siberian permafrost, stunning researchers with its intact teeth, fur, bones, and even internal organs. Discovered in the Abyi...
Viking ship at Jarlsberg

Signs of Viking Age Ship Burial Found in Vestfold County, Norway

In 2018 metal detectorists in Norway found curiously shaped and obviously old iron rivets scattered around in the shallow soil of a field at Jarlsberg Hovedgård (Jarlsberg Manor), the ancestral home...
AI image of Naram-Sin

Heroic Tales of a God-Emperor

Long before Homer retold the stories of the mighty deeds of the great warriors who took part in the Battle of Troy, similar tales were told and retold by Sumerian and Akkadian bards. The epic...
Detail of the entrance to the barrow at the D35 Plotiště-Sadová highway site, Czech Republic.	Source: Department of Archaeology UHK

Monumental Long Barrow Burial Discovered in the Czech Republic

Recent archaeological research on the D35 Plotiště-Sadová highway in the Czech Republic has unveiled an extraordinary long barrow, shedding light on the funerary practices of the Eneolithic period...
The bronze bust of Caligula. Source: Courtesy of the Schroder Collection

A Bronze Bust of Roman Emperor Caligula Rediscovered

Long believed to have been lost, a bronze bust of the Roman Emperor, Caligula , has been rediscovered. The bust vanished nearly two centuries ago and concludes a decade-long quest by the curator at...
Old steel Houses, Botallack Mines, Cornwall, UK. Source: Ernest Davies/Adobe Stock

Who are the Mysterious Cornwall Knockers?

Cornwall's tin mines, with their labyrinthine tunnels and subterranean chambers, have long been the backdrop to stories of supernatural beings known as the Knockers. These elusive spirits, central to...
: A sambaqui on the coast of Santa Catarina: these mounds of shellfish debris, bones and other remains were burial sites.	Source: Jéssica M. Cardoso/Plos ONE

Study Revises History of Brazilian Coast Occupation From 2,000 Years Ago

A brilliant new study from Brazil has revised the historical narrative of human occupation along Brazil’s coast, offering new insights into the ancient sambaqui builders at the Galheta IV...
Captain Keitt: illustration of a pirate captain on deck. 	Source: 	Public Domain

A Glimpse into the Life as a Pirate Captain (Video)

The transition to Pirate Captain often stemmed from a background in privateering or ownership of a ship. Wealthy backers would commission vessels, appointing experienced leaders like Henry Jennings...

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