Hirbat Midras, in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel, part of what geologist Dr. Alexander Koltypin hypothesizes to be a massive complex of prehistoric underground structures stretching across the Mediterranean.

Is This a Huge Million-Year-Old, Man-Made Underground Complex?

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By Tara MacIsaac Epoch Times  

Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Yet many researchers have drawn attention to  artifacts and various other evidence of advanced civilizations long before this, even millions of years earlier.

Among them is Dr. Alexander Koltypin, a geologist and director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology.

Koltypin has analyzed ancient underground structures across the Mediterranean and identified similarities that lead him to believe the sites were once connected. Furthermore, the weathering of the structures, their material composition, and the geological features and historic changes in the region, lead him to believe they were built by an advanced civilization hundreds of thousands or millions of years ago.

Archaeologists working in the region usually date the sites by looking at the settlements located on them or nearby. But these settlements were simply built upon existing prehistoric structures, Koltypin said.

“When we examined the constructions … none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine, and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around,” he  wrote on his website .

He climbed a hill about 1,300 feet high near the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, central Israel. As he looked over the site, he recalled a similar feeling from when he had climbed to the top of the rock city Cavusin in Turkey.

“I was personally convinced once again … that all these rectangular indentations, man-made underground structures, and scattered debris of megaliths were one underground-terrestrial megalithic complex which was opened by erosion to a depth of several hundred meters.”

Erosion and Mountain-Formation

Not all parts of the purported complex are still underground. Some have come far above ground with geological shifts throughout history—the ancient rocky towns of Cappadocia in Turkey, for example, which Koltypin includes in the complex.

Some parts may also be found under the Mediterranean Sea, as is indicated by structures along the coast.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

In central and northern Israel and central Turkey, Koltypin estimates the sites were exposed after an erosive cut into the Earth of several hundred meters (more than 1,000 feet).

“According to my estimates, such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years,” he wrote.

He hypothesizes that part of the complex was brought to the surface as a result of alpine orogeny (mountain-formation).

The composition of building materials at a site in Antalya, Turkey, which Koltypin calls the “Jernokleev site,” are also some 500,000 to 1 million years old by his estimate.

Archaeologists usually date the man-made structures at Jernokleev to the Middle Ages. But, Koltypin says the materials indicate a much older age.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

What he identifies as a pink “cement” includes in it man-made ceramic fragments and basalts of volcanic origin among other materials. The last time an active volcano would have been present in the region to provide the basalts would have been some 500,000 to 1 million years ago.


As a result of the Earth’s crust moving over distant ages, parts of the underground complex have been plunged under sea level, Koltypin said.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey, sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor,” he wrote. The nature of the deposits suggest the complex was underwater for a long time.

Similar Megaliths and Underground Entrances

The similar megalithic ruins at the various sites are part of what led Koltypin to surmise a connection between the sites, united in a giant prehistoric complex.

Megalithic blocks weighing tens of tons seem to have at some point likely been attached directly to the underground constructions, he said. “This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.”

An entrance to the underground at Hurvat Burgin in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel.

An entrance to the underground at Hurvat Burgin in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

An entrance to the underground at Hurvat Burgin in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel.

An entrance to the underground at Hurvat Burgin in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

The megalithic constructions seem to surpass the technological capabilities of the civilizations conventionally thought to have built them, Koltypin said. For example, it remains a mystery how the 800-ton  megaliths in Baalbek , Lebanon, were transported from a quarry to their present location.


Western archaeologists are "paid" by their University grants to give Western Time to civilizations. The Pyramids and the Sphinx are examples. The caves in China which are purported to be 500,000 to 1 Million years old as well. Dates have been slanted due to the AD, BC designations on sites. There must a prophetic shift to actual carbon dating and then using BCE or CE as a designation for a archaeological site, instead of the common method of trying to fit this shard into a puzzle of my preconceived notions. I took a few Ancient history classes at a major university in Arizona, I will say this from my personal account, the history you are taught is a lie. The "tenured" professors forget to keep learning after tenure is achieved, they have their own agendas when lying to the students. My Greek History professor used 30 year old books for her class, mind you she's had tenure for half that time. What she did was peddle her "own dig" in Greece and her finds, forget learning about actual Greek History, just her history of Greece and where she was digging.. Instead they peddle their own "supplements' to a class the University thinks is being taught. The University system in America is a FOR PROFIT SYSTEM! Anyone who thinks it isn't, just look at the "Endowments" some in the mid to upper double digit Billions. Harvard is north of $30 Billion, tax free, meanwhile Kids go belly up daily due to the debt they incur from Attending Harvard. Don't fohget to pahk you cah on Havahd yadh

The similarities between many of the places that are credited to people that shouldn't have been able to accomplish what they did suggest that they were re-occupied, left over from before a near extinction event occurred. There were massive multilevel constructions on a scale that is difficult to accept. II have some videos online with some of the evidence I've collected over the last 10 years that you might like. Just do a search with my name.

The reason the National Geographic artist's impression of what was once at Gobekli Tepe looks like the Hypogium with the top removed is that those T shaped, load bearing supports once held up the ceiling. Evidence of subsurface construction is not unusual and is sometimes found on multiple levels. This would actually have a number of advantages including providing enough surface space for the agriculture needed to feed a very large population.

not sure what all the fuss is about...yes, the earth recycles everything and everybody and every footstep is on sacred ground...

Tsurugi's picture

The fuss is about the implications of extremely advanced human civilizations existing up to a million years ago or more. That flips the table on the accepted tale of human evolution, which upsets large numbers of people on an existential level. Since they feel their very existence is threatened, there is quite literally nothing they won't do to eliminate the threat. If that is hard to believe, just have a look at what they have done when there isn't a threat: they have engaged in a campaign of mass indoctrination beginning at a very young age; they have removed nearly all vestiges of critical thinking from curricula, classrooms, and testing; they have removed any clear teachings as to what science is, how to practice it, or how to recognize when others are not practicing it in good faith; they have set about to systematically destroy the reputations and careers of fellow academics who dared publish anything which called evolution into question, even if that was not the intent.

They do all that when there is no threat, so you can imagine the lengths they will go to if there is a threat. I don't doubt they'd pull the whole thing down--civilization, I mean--rather than allow their beliefs to be subject to serious question.


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