Stone door at an entrance to the Özkonak Underground City, Turkey.

The Ancestral Myth of the Hollow Earth and Underground Civilizations

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Countless stories, myths, and legends are told about underground cities and subterranean civilizations spread through a vast network of interconnected tunnels across the planet.

There are many rumors surrounding these underground portals. We have only to remember the mysterious stories that revolve around the tunnels and galleries of the Cueva de los Tayos  in Ecuador, or stories about entrances to underground worlds, supposedly located in  the Andes the Himalayas the Gobi Desert Turkey, and even below the Sphinx of Giza .

The Hollow Earth Theory and an Expedition to the Arctic

The Hollow Earth theory states that the Earth is a hollow planet with ancient entrances to the subterranean world scattered throughout it, including near both polar caps. This theory has been reported since ancient times and scientists such as  Edmund Halley  have defended it throughout history.

From 1818-1826, the American  John C. Symmes  passionately supported the theory as well. According to him, there was a subterranean world inside our planet illuminated by a tiny sun, and that included mountains, forests, and lakes. Symmes launched a national campaign aiming to raise the necessary funds to send an expedition to the Arctic to search for an entrance to the subterranean world. He even sent a proposal to the United States Congress, with the intention of getting government assistance to find the entrance to the inner world. 

Unfortunately for him, he died before the government did allocate funding for his purpose and the expedition departed in 1838, although, in truth, its goals were not so altruistic. In reality it was part of the ploy as world powers were trying to learn the importance of the only land not yet conquered the world: both polar caps. Regardless, commanded by Charles Wilkes, the expedition lasted four years. It served to discover the vast geographical extent of the Arctic, but no sign of a passage into the earth was found.

The entrance to the Hollow Earth according to Symmes, as he believed we would see it from the moon with a telescope. Illustration of Harper's New Monthly Magazine October 1882

The entrance to the Hollow Earth according to Symmes, as he believed we would see it from the moon with a telescope. Illustration of Harper's New Monthly Magazine October 1882 ( Public Domain )

Nonetheless, the idea of Symmes remained anchored in the minds of a handful of writers (who tend to love the search for attainment of seemingly impossible dreams.) Thus,  Edgar Allan Poe Jules Verne , and  HP Lovecraft, among many others, paid tribute to the fascinating theory of the Hollow Earth.

Illustration drawn by Edouard Riou in 1864 from the original edition of "Journey to the Center of the Earth" by the famous Jules Verne.

Illustration drawn by Edouard Riou in 1864 from the original edition of "Journey to the Center of the Earth" by the famous Jules Verne. ( Wikimedia Commons )

Interest in the Hollow Earth theory did not end there. In fact, in twentieth century, with a knowledge of geography and geology of the earth, that was still lacking, there were those who continued trying to access that mysterious world under the earth’s crust. For example, some of the Nazi leaders, the lovers of ancient myths and the occult in Germany, showed a marked interest in these types of theories.

History of Hollow Earth Theory

Edmund Halley (1656 - 1742), the English scientist who studied the comet that bears his name, may have been the first to develop a scientific hypothesis about the Hollow Earth. After a series of observations of the Earth's magnetic field, Halley concluded that the anomalies observed could only be explained if the Earth was composed of two spheres: an external solid one and an internal hollow one, each with its own magnetic axis.

Edmund Halley with a drawing showing shells of his hollow earth theory.

Edmund Halley with a drawing showing shells of his hollow earth theory. (1736) (Wikimedia Commons )

Later on, another American,  Cyrus Teed , became convinced that it is mathematically impossible to discern whether we are inside or outside of a sphere, so we could live inside a hollow universe. In the center it would be the Sun, with the planets and stars only appearing bright to us because they reflect sunlight on the surface of the concave Earth. This land was called  Koresh - which is the Hebrew translation of his own name, Cyrus. Teed even founded a church and its adherents remained active and defending these ideas until at least 1982.

With the dawn of the twentieth century other scholars, such as William Reed  and Marshall Gardner , also believed they could provide evidence of the existence of an inner world. One of the most curious facts wielded as an argument, made ​​by some Arctic explorers, was that air and water temperatures warmed as they approached the North Pole. Based on these and other observations, they also claimed that mammoths were not extinct, but still inhabiting the interior of the Earth.

Comments

SJDF's picture

In 1967 a satellite named ESSA-3 was sent to take photograph's of the North pole region, one clearly show's the hole the photo's were first published by a American magazine editor Raymond Palmer.
Fast forward to 1972 the Apollo 16 show's yet again the northern opening from there flight.
I would also like to highlight a short YouTube video titled "Rotating sphere of water in microgravity " I don't think I need to be reminded, but everything in space rotates.
"the hollow earth enigma" by author Alec Maclellan theorizes that the earth is not alone with the concept and all planet's may share this fetcher, witch may explain why we have not found life on other planet's.
I will leave it there for now but this rabbit hole goes much deeper I have barley scratched the surface.

Why do so many people still believe the ancestral myth that the Earth is hollow? I guess for the same reason so many still believe the ancestral myth of evolution.

There are two worlds or dimensions on the Earth, the "upper (northern) world and the lower (southern) underworld", which simply are dividing the Earth hemispheres.
When the Underworld is mentioned in myths, this does not dela with any holes or caves in the Earth, but it deals with the celestial realms of the southern hemisphere.
Here we find the southern contours of the Milky Way and the Milky Way center from where everything is created in our galaxy. This center of formation is mythically called "the cosmic womb" and this Milky Way southernly contours is mythically imagined as both a celestial Cow and a huge celestial Woman in the Sky.
As a center of creation our galaxy is sort of a hollow structure because of its spherical electromagnetic currents and magnetic circuits and as such the very center can be mytho-cosmologically described as a womb or a cosmic cave which was duplicated and made by humans on Earth as a ritual structure in order to gain cosmic knowledge of the creation.
I don´t think there is a hollow Earth, but it seems that the myts of creation is misunderstood and misconcepted. The Underworld is not a hole in the Earth but a cosmic hole in the Milky Way galaxy.

Total nonsense. If the earth is hollow then show us where the entrances are.

I think these myths are there to explain that the earth is concave... Nukes are a hoax so the "story" in the video is a hoax.... That doesn't mean that the earth is not concave... https://plus.google.com/105361230398417363150/posts

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