Archaeological site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey

The Secret of Gobekli Tepe: Cosmic Equinox and Sacred Marriage - Part 1

(Read the article on one page)

Hands are carved into the pillars, coming together in the area of the navel, like many other statuettes and figures found around the world.

Hands are carved into the pillars, coming together in the area of the navel, like many other statuettes and figures found around the world.

Sun and moon symbols are not seen only on the center pillars of Temple D of Göbeklitepe. Later in history we see these signs on Sumerian and Akkadian cylinder seals and on other ancient artworks.

Akkadian Seal and Sun Moon

Sun and moon symbols

According to historian Emel Esin, Proto-Turks once named this symbol as “ Kün-ay (Sun-moon)” [3]. Kün-ay has a sacred meaning in Proto-Turkish culture. Emel Esin clarifies that this Kün-ay was the sign of the first crescent day: the first day of the first month of spring. At the same time, naturally it symbolizes the equinox day of spring, 21 of March. On that day, daytime and nighttime are of approximately equal duration. On the equinox Proto-Turks - and still modern Turks –celebrated the coming of spring, in a sense an awakening of nature, and the rebirth of earth. In this period, the fertility and of earth would increase, and soil would give plenty of produce.

Emel Esin also emphasizes that Chu Turks were using this symbol on their state flag circa 2000 B.C. in Middle Asia. According to Esin, Kün-ay sign is the origin of modern-day Turkish Republic state flag with crescent and star [3]. Kün-ay sign has been found in artworks of Hun Turks. Additionally, we see Kün-ay and crescent-star motifs on Gokturk state coins. In modern-day Mongolia (an old Proto-Turkish region) the state flag features two pillars and Kün-Ay sign.

Proto-Turkish Kün-Ay and Göbeklitepe's sun-moon signs are not just similar: they are exactly same! On both symbols, we see a cavity at the center of sun symbol. This is such a commonly repeated description that we can't say it is a coincidence. According to Emel Esin, the cavity at the center signifies the luminous side of nature [3]. It describes coming of spring, it describes rebirth of nature, and fertility as well.

Sun and moon symbols of various cultures

Dr. Cathy Burns refers to the crescent-star motif as a “fertility symbol” in her study “ The Hidden Secrets Of The Eastern Star ” [1]. Similar crescent-star motifs can be seen on Aphrodite temple images, and on ancient Cyprus coins. As it is well known, Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love, beauty, procreation and fertility. In Greek mythology, she is corresponded with the Sumerian goddess Inanna. Additionally, one of the symbols of Inanna was also the crescent-star. Hitittes saw this as a sign of rebirth. Lakota Indians used the crescent-star symbol for defining the solar eclipse.

B. G. Sidharth's comment about sun-moon images relates, in that he believes the sun-moon symbols found on the center pillar in Temple D describes a solar eclipse.

It is likely that the crescent-star sign then symbolizes rebirth of nature. If so, the sun-moon motif on the Göbeklitepe pillar might also symbolize the beginning of spring, time of the equinox, and rebirth of nature and earth.

[…]

Göbeklitepe, one of the most important archaeological discoveries of our time, continues to defy explanation, but further research into what might be the first temple in the world made by man, may reveal more about Neolithic understanding, and may deliver a message to us from the ancient past.

Read Part II of The Secret of Gobekli Tepe: Cosmic Equinox and Sacred Marriage.

Featured Image: Archaeological site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey. Wikimedia Commons

Images provided by Özgür Etli.

References

[1] Burns, C., The Hidden Secrets Of The Eastern Star ”, 1994.

[2] Çığ, M. İ., İnanna'nın Aşkı: Sumer'de İnanç ve Kutsal Evlenme ”, 9th ed., Istanbul, 2014.

[3] Esin, E., Türk Kozmolojisi'ne Giriş ”, Istanbul, 2001.

[4] Etli, Ö. B., Dünyanın İlk Gözlemevi: Göbeklitepe Tapınağı ”, Popüler Bilim Journal, Vol: 229, 2014.

[5] Halikarnas Balıkçısı, Altıncı Kıta Akdeniz ”, 5th ed., Ankara, 2007.

[6] Halikarnas Balıkçısı, Anadolu Tanrıları ”, 10th ed., Ankara, 2010.

[7] Plegge, J., Turkish Stonehenge: Göbeklitepe ”, 2012.

[8] Schmidt, K., Göbekli Tepe: En Eski Tapınağı Yapanlar ”, Istanbul, 2006.

By Ozgur Baris Etli

Comments

I see that this article has TRIGGERED you.

The site was NOT built by "Proto-Turks." The Turkish invaders did not conquer Anatolia until the Middle Ages. They are Central Asian invaders who came very LATE to this region. Before them, Anatolia was inhabited by Lydians, Hittites, Armenians, and other people.

The sun and moon on the Turkish flag are Islamic symbols as any fool knows. This article is offensive, revisionist, racist trash and propaganda.

Kun’Ay phonetically is similar to the Tibetan snake-eating Khyung, which is a creature made from a bull and a bird, which is a representation of the North Pole stars, and the precession Circle. Historically these two regions are linked with the three way war in`Tibet between a Turkic group, India and China

I believe there are numerous linear patterns drawn on the pillars. I would like to see if they align to the same astronomical value desribed in my book….

 

 

 

Enigmatic Lines

possibly those symbols are plasma dischares between the planets give symbols of an alien sky a look into https://youtu.be/t7EAlTcZFwY

I never register on these types of boards to comment but i needed to tell you your comment had more merit as to the sacred marriage than this whole demonstration of pseudo scientific dribble posing as scholarship. Klaus Schmidt is dead and personally i like the trend that sets for main stream "archeologists," and their now completely untenable theory's about "hunter gatherers." But I digress when you trace the the proto-Armenians to the Akkadians on through to the Ashkanazi you make sense of the most enigmatic line in Rosarium philosophorum ("the sacred marriage"); "take a Corascene dog and an Armenian bitch" the ingredients needed to begin the Great Work. I will be elaborating on that to finish my own series Black Sun Rising on Veterans Today. I don't know what this author was trying to say he had the title right but that's about it, don't worry I will be doing much better. i already have look me up some time...

Pages

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

Myths & Legends

Human Origins

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.
Most people are now familiar with the traditional "Out of Africa" model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago. However, technological advances in DNA analysis and other fossil identification techniques, as well as an emphasis on multidisciplinary research

Ancient Technology

The four-handled tureen adorned with dragons, birds and spikes
Chinese archaeologists have discovered ritual tureen and “soup bowls” next to a badly decomposed body in a Zhou dynasty-era tomb. Among the remains there were also uncovered two wine vessels, which experts suggest were probably used as part of the funerary rituals.

Ancient Places

Illustration of the "Emmons mask", a Mississippian culture carved cedarwood human face shaped object once covered in copper and painted with galena and used as part of a headdress
The City of Moundsville is located along the Ohio River in Marshall County, West Virginia. From the time of European settlement in the 1770s, Moundsville was regarded by antiquarians as one of the most significant ancient sites in North America. For it was here that the Adena mound builders and their descendants constructed the largest ceremonial center in the Upper Ohio Valley

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article