Stone at Newgrange and Celtic with X symbol

Research Decodes Ancient Celtic Astronomy Symbols and Links them to Jungian Archetypes

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My nonprofit educational corporation, The Celtic Collection Program, exhibits the largest privately owned collection of Celtic artifacts in the United States. When we started purchasing the artifacts from private collections and ancient galleries several years ago, I observed a motif of X and interconnected X designs on some of them, including important ones likely used to perform ceremonies. As a historian and a therapist with preferences for Psychoanalytic Theory and Neo-Freudian traditions such as Analytical Psychology, a school of psychology that originated from the ideas of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, interpreting these symbols became a personal and professional challenge.

After fifteen years of identifying hundreds of linear and X patterns on artifacts and studying the symbolism of Stonehenge and Newgrange, I have discovered remarkable data, some of which has led me to consider that there may be a correlation between ancient X symbolism and what Dr. Carl Jung referred to as the “Collective Unconscious”, a subconscious storehouse of buried memories inherited from our ancestral past.

Importance of the Sun in Ancient Celtic Society

According to Dr. Miranda J. Green in her book, Dictionary of Celtic Myth and Legend , the sun was significantly meaningful to the ancient Celts. She states that “One of the most important venerated natural phenomena was the sun, seen as a life giver, promoter of fertility and healing” and that “coins were struck with sun symbols associated with the horse” (Refer to Celtic Collection Program Artifacts #1).

Some of the primary symbols for the Sun in ancient Celtic times were an X or a four-spoked wheel featured on bronze axes, swords, coins, urns, pottery and jewelry since Neolithic Europe.  “Hallstatt Iron Age sheet-bronze vessels were decorated with repousse crosses and solar wheels,” states Dr. Green.

The X symbol was no doubt a significant astronomical representation for thousands of years; perhaps one of the most powerful ideograms valued by the Celts, which explains the X motif on our artifacts. The X artifacts range from 62 AD to 400 BC. However, to uncover the mystery of the interconnected design, a close evaluation of the symbols at Stonehenge and Newgrange needed to be conducted.

Celtic Collection Program Artifacts

Photo 1 is a coin from the Iceni tribe, 62 AD. Photo 2 is a Central European arm bracelet (c.a. 400 BC), in which are two sets of interconnected X’s extending from top to bottom inside of both bars . Photo 3 is a bell (200 BC) from Central Europe (likely used for ceremonial purposes) containing interconnected X’s engraved through its metal and around its body.

All photos taken and owned by Lewis Hales of artifacts held in the Celtic Collection Program. Photo 1 is a coin from the Iceni tribe, 62 AD. Photo 2 is a Central European arm bracelet (c.a. 400 BC), in which are two sets of interconnected X’s extending from top to bottom inside of both bars . Photo 3 is a bell (200 BC) from Central Europe (likely used for ceremonial purposes) containing interconnected X’s engraved through its metal and around its body.

This photo is a Central European bracelet (300 BC) with an atypical shape, which features a plain design on one side and a more elaborate version (twisted bronze) on the other one. Two long abstract shapes of a triangle are engraved into each terminal, a deeper cut one the plain side and a less elaborate cut one on the twisted side, forming an encoded cross reference of an X.

Photo taken and owned by Lewis Hales of artifact held in the Celtic Collection Program. This photo is a Central European bracelet (300 BC) with an atypical shape, which features a plain design on one side and a more elaborate version (twisted bronze) on the other one. Two long abstract shapes of a triangle are engraved into each terminal, a deeper cut one the plain side and a less elaborate cut one on the twisted side, forming an encoded cross reference of an X. This is the identical encoded design upon which Stonehenge was built (Refer to the Stonehenge geographical graphics design).

The Stonehenge and Newgrange X Factor

Stonehenge, prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England.

Stonehenge, prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England. (Flickr/ CC BY 2.0 )

According to David Souden in his book, Stonehenge Revealed, “The stone phase at Stonehenge extended from 2550 BC to 1600 BC”, and is located in Wiltshire, England. Stonehenge is approximately 2,000 years older than our artifacts and its construction layout and artifacts excavated at or nearby the monument have revealed pertinent information. Stonehenge was built with an encoded X symbol between its Station Stones; the North Barrow Station Stone was intended to cross reference the South Barrow Stone and the North Station Stone was meant to align with the South Station Stone, forming a symbolic X across the monument’s landscape. The X precisely connects at the location of the altar, forming a perfect alignment straight across the ceremonial Avenue (Refer to Stonehenge’s X graphic design).

Hundreds of artifacts featuring interconnected X artwork and the six images formed by that design (Refer to Findings and Summary) have been recovered from Stonehenge, such as the Chalk tablets (3,000-2,500 BC), an Early Bronze Age gold plaque from Wiltshire, and the Late Bronze Age gold lozenge, about which, Ancient Origins writer April Holloway accurately cited as an artifact believed by some to be an “astronomical instrument”, in her article, The Mysterious Golden Lozenge of Stonehenge .                                      

Comments

My own research has shown that the "x" is the same as the cross. Jesus, no that came later. No, it seems they knew of magnetic theory. the X or the cross is basically how you think. Is N, S, E, W points or corners. They knew of the bloch wall and the neel wall in other terms. they knew that we are in a electro magnetic universe and even our own galaxy has a north. south, east and west. Anytime one sees a ring around and X or a cross, that is a representation of magnetism. Especially if the ring is designed with twisting lines. Most of these are other representations of the Celtic cross, but, instead of a cross with points, they used an X with corners. This may have been easier for them to understand the separations in this manner. The center of the X or cross is always the center of the magnetism. And it may be that how they drew the lines, is a interpretation of the amount of magnetic activity.

To clarify, the cross or X can be applied to the earth, sun, galaxy, universe, or person (the heart being the center). All of these have the magnetic relations. And there is an actual Celtic cross out there that has the constellations rotating around it. The cross with the bent ends (swastika) may be the representation of the sun. It can be related to a celtic cross with broken lines (the circle around it). A circle with a tree in the center and a line drawn to separate above from below is also a similar issue.

What is a little disappoint in this article is the use of the term "Celtic". The European Hallstat and subsequent La Tene Celtic cultures did not appear until about 300 BC and it's influence did not reach Ireland until around 150 BC. There is no eveidence that Celts themselves reached either Ireland or Britain in large numbers although their cultural influence form 300 AD onwards right across Europe is undeniable.

However both Newgrange and Stonhenge predate Celtic Culture by thousands of years. I'm afraid this one simple fact undermines any subsequent theories put forward. To reiterate, both of these monumnet are pre-Celtic. They are not Celtic or even "ancient Celtic". In fact they are even pre-Beaker.

In the top left of the photo, not the highlight green parts, you will see a concentric circle that winds around from the center and moves into a smaller concentric circle.

I think this represents the “analemma,” an astronomical phenomenon of the sun’s orbit that plays a huge role in astro-theology.

The sun has a very strange orbit over the year and people have known for thousands of years that if you plot the sun’s postiion over the year, it makes a figure 8, with the “bottom” or southern part of the 8 much bigger than the top or northern part.

You can watch people like Santos Bonacci on youttube who know astrotheology well, discuss the analemma and how it works in the ascending and descending signs of the Zodia.

Tom Carberry

Might it be the annalemma ´s symetry is Not related to the Sun´s orbit but is related to the Earth movement and seasons and where on Earth the observer is at a specific time of year?

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