Stone at Newgrange and Celtic with X symbol

Research Decodes Ancient Celtic Astronomy Symbols and Links them to Jungian Archetypes

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Special Acknowledgements

I wish to thank the special contributors to this research, whose photos, artwork, consultations and services made this extensive work possible: graphics specialist, Kirsten Babb; graphics designer Les Still, historian and lecturer Sherri Ellington, Tony Roche, artist Kathryn Gerhardt, photographer Dave Walsh and clinician Dr. Melissa Carver.

Featured image: Deriv; Stone at Newgrange ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ), and Celtic knot with X symbol ( Public Domain )

By Lewis Hales


(Dr. M. Carver, personal communication, February 25, 2016)

(Sherri Ellington, personal communication, February, 27, 2016)

Green, Miranda J. 1992. Dictionary of Celtic Myth and Legend . Thames and Hudson: London.

Souden, David. 1997. Stonehenge Revealed. Facts on File, Inc.: Great Britain

Holloway, April. (2013, October 19). The Mysterious Golden Lozenge of Stonehenge. Ancient Origins. Retrieved February 5, 2016 [Online]. Here


The X also looks like the Wheel of Life the Swastika

The X is also used in early medeval times as sign/symbol for Christ or God.

the practice of using the symbol “X” in place of Christ’s name has been going on amongst religious scholars for at least 1000 years.

Tsurugi's picture


You said, "Celtic artefacts can only be dated with precision from the mid 4th century BC[…]"

I'm not sure I understand. Would you mind clarifying/expounding upon the above statement?

Hi Lewis and thank you for your clarifications. Please note that I (nor I'm sure Gill) are calling your qualifications or experience into question. However, you are expounding theories. Not facts. Even within your clarification you use the term "Celtic artifacts" (sic) without blushing. Celtic artefacts can only be dated with precision from the mid 4th century BC as you must know. Any denoting of artefacts of any kind from prior to that date is pure speculation and underpins modern holistic use of the term "Celtic" for any wishy washy, swirly twirly ancient artform, driving an unattached quasi hippy/Druidic cultural that is by turns risible and incredibly annoying. In fact DNA analysis finds little in common between the peoples of Austria/Switzerland and those of, for example, Ireland. Ireland is often used as an example of a "Celtic" country. However the Celtic nature of Ireland from 150 BC onwards in purely cultural (art and language) and denotes no actual large scale presence of "Celts". To say otherwise is akin to saying that the French speaking aristocracy of Russian in the late 18th and early 19th Centuries wee French. they were anything but! They spoke French and aped French manners, style, food and dress because they admired French culture.

Indeed, the search for depth of meaning in the 3 contiguous swirls on the front kerbstone guarding the entrance to Newgrange has been interpreted quite simply by many local Irish archaeologists as representing the intertwined nature of the three main Megalithic passage tombs of Bru na Boinne - the Bend of the Boyne.

Once your theory has been fleshed out, hypothesised and is supported by facts I'll gladly eat my words. Until then however, the theories that you propound should come with a strong health warning. By the way, I've an MA and B.Sc. myself and am one of those local archaeologists.

luvartifacts1's picture

In addition to the above clarification post, I have also been conducting lectures on ancient Celtic history, with a focus on the Urnfield, Hallstatt and La Tène cultures, and the interpretation of ancient Celtic artifacts at several colleges, Universities and at other educational facilities for 15 years. Thank you all.
Lewis Hales, M.A., M.A.

Lewis Hales



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