Exploring Ancient Lunar Legends as Largest Supermoon in 68 Years is set to Dazzle Tonight
The moon has been an object of worship, veneration, and intrigue among ancient civilizations for thousands of years. Now, it is set to capture our admiration once again as the largest Supermoon in 68 years will dazzle in tonight’s sky.
Supermoons occur when the moon reaches its closest approach to Earth in a given orbit, making it appear significantly larger and brighter than usual. This year’s supermoon will make the full lunar disk appear 14 per cent bigger and 30 per cent brighter than usual, and there will be nothing to match it until 25 November 2034.
End of world theories
The rarity of the Supermoon event has given rise to a number of doomsday theories, among them that the world will be struck by a giant asteroid.
Apocalypse author Robert Rite has claimed that Israel would be the worst affected country. "In this latest series of Total lunar eclipses, we are seeing four of them in a short span of time – this is referred to as a Tetrad: The fact that these 4 Blood moons are occurring during Jewish Holidays portends something big that will occur surrounding Israel and the Middle East," he said.
Another doomsday theorist, Texas pastor John Hagee, author of “Four Blood Moons: Something Is About to Change," said in a statement via The Blaze that “God is trying to tell us something”.
However, NASA has dismissed claims that the Supermoon would bring a meteor strike leading to the end of the world. "There is not one shred of evidence that an asteroid or any other celestial object will impact Earth on those dates," Paul Chodas, manager of Nasa's Near-Earth Object office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory told CBS.
The moon has been shrouded in myths and legends for thousands of years, many of which still persist to this day, and Supermoons even more so. For example, there are many who believe that full moons can drive a person mad, cause natural disasters, and increase crime rates. These beliefs have their roots in ancient religions and superstitions. Indeed, the words “lunacy” and “lunatic” come from the Roman goddess of the moon, Luna, who was said to ride her silver chariot across the dark sky each night.
Luna riding across the night sky in her chariot, Archaeological Museum in Milan (c. 2nd–5th centuries AD). Image source: ( Wikipedia)
Ancient healers and health professionals believed in a strong connection between mania and the moon. For instance, ancient Greek physician Hippocrates (460 – c. 370 BC) wrote that “one who is seized with terror, fright and madness during the night he is being visited by the goddess of the moon.” Roman philosopher and historian, Pliny the Elder (23 – 79 AD), maintained that full moons had a particularly influence upon our brains, being the ‘moistest’ organ, and that this resulted in more crime and violence. In medieval England, people on trial for murder could campaign for a lighter sentence on the grounds of lunacy if the crime occurred during a full moon; meanwhile, psychiatric patients at London’s notorious mental institution, Bethlehem Hospital, were shackled to their beds as a preventive measure during certain lunar phases.
The moon controls fertility
Perhaps because the menstrual and lunar cycles are similar in length, many early civilizations believed that the moon controlled women’s menstruation and could determine when women could become pregnant. Ancient Assyrian astrological texts give advice regarding when women are most fertile, according to the different phases of the moon, and moon deities, such as the Chinese goddess Chang’e, and the Incan Quilla, were believed to control fertility and reproduction.
An image depicting the phases of the moon, used to predict periods of fertility. ( Image source )
In ancient cultures, the moon's waxing and waning have also made it a symbol of both birth/creation and death/destruction. For example, the Polynesian islanders of the Pacific Ocean saw the moon as a symbol of creation, represented by the creator goddess named Hina, while for the Aztecs of Mexico the moon was Mictecacuiatl, a destructive force which travelled through the night sky hunting out its victims. The Maori people of New Zealand also referred to the moon as the "man eater." For the Tartars of Central Asia, the moon, known as the Queen of Life and Death, was dualistic, representing both the forces of creation and destruction.
Perhaps the greatest myth involving the full moon is the ever-popular werewolf, a mythological or folkloric human with the ability to shapeshift into a wolf or wolf-like creature during a full moon. The origin of the werewolf legend can be traced back to Germanic paganism and Proto-Indo-European mythology, where lycanthropy (the transformation of man to wolf) is reconstructed as an aspect of the initiation of the warrior class. But the link between moon and wolf is not only associated with lycanthropy. The Greek goddess of the moon was said to keep the company of wolves, while the North American Seneca tribes believing wolves sang the moon into existence.