Europa Ocean Water and Ice

Are Scientists Set to Discover Life Beneath Europa’s Underground Ocean?

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Europa is one of Jupiter’s moons and slightly smaller than our moon. It was discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610 and it was the first time that a moon orbiting another planet was discovered. What makes Europa special is that there is oxygen in the atmosphere and there is a huge ocean underneath the icy shell of the surface covering the whole of the planet.

It was only recently that scientists detected chemicals on the surface of the Moon that could only come from a liquid water ocean beneath the surface. Of course we realize that something like this could mean that there would be an abundance of underwater life.

Europa rotates around Jupiter in an eccentric movement with the same side of the moon facing Jupiter, just as one side of our moon faces Earth. The eccentric rotation creates motion in the ocean underneath the surface and tidal waves due to gravity change, which increases the pressure and probably causes cracks on the surface.

Scientists suggest that evidence shows that the water ocean is probably very close to the surface because of the chemical exchange detected between them. As a result NASA proposed the idea of sending a tiny submarine which could penetrate the surface by drilling a small hole and enter the subterranean ocean to investigate for life. Such a small vehicle could dramatically reduce the cost of a mission to Europa since weight is a major factor that increases the cost of launching any object to space.

That is going to be an exciting project giving the ability to investigate areas that previously would have been prohibited by cost and size.

By John Black

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Human Origins

Noah's Sacrifice - watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot
The imperfect state of archaeological researches in the Near East impedes any definite identification of the original race or races that created the earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. According to Gordon Childe, however, the predominant racial element in the earliest graves in the region from Elam to the Danube is the ‘Mediterranean’.

Ancient Places

Himmerod Abbey and Church building
Himmerod Abbey, a Cistercian monastery that's existed for almost 900 years in what is now western Germany is closing down for good, due to running expenses and also a shortage of monks. Notably, the monastery was used during the 1950’s in a distinctly non-monastic capacity, as a secret meeting point of former Wehrmacht high-ranking officers discussing West Germany's rearmament.


The ancient and mysterious Sphinx, Giza, Egypt.
In 1995, NBC televised a prime-time documentary hosted by actor Charlton Heston and directed by Bill Cote, called Mystery of the Sphinx. The program centered on the research and writings of John Anthony West, a (non-academic) Egyptologist, who, along with Dr. Robert Schoch, a professor of Geology at Boston University, made an astounding discovery on the Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt.

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At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

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By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
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