The prehistoric megalith Rujm el-Hiri.

Wheel of Giants: Mysterious Prehistoric Rujm el-Hiri Puzzles Archaeologists

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Sitting in plain sight but unnoticed for centuries, an unusual megalith near the Sea of Galilee has stumped experts. An ancient monument comprised of enormous stone circles dating to the Early Bronze Age remains a mystery to this day. No one knows who created the stone rings in the form of a wheel, nor why.

Livestock grazing nearby reveals scale of enormous stone rings on the plains of the Golan Heights.

Livestock grazing nearby reveals scale of enormous stone rings on the plains of the Golan Heights. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Pattern Within Giant Stone Circles Revealed From the Air

The impressive ancient ruins, located in the Golan Heights (a contested region claimed by both Israel and Syria) are a wheel-like design of enormous piled rocks—an estimated 40,000 tons of black basalt—stacked into at least five concentric rings, with a central burial cairn at its center, according to news website Haaretz.

Red marks indicate location of Rujm el-Hiri, "stone heap of the wild cat".

Red marks indicate location of Rujm el-Hiri, "stone heap of the wild cat". ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

In Arabic it is called Rujm el-Hiri, meaning the "stone heap of the wild cat”. In Hebrew it is named Gilgal Refaim, or the “wheel of giants”. The reference to a race of giants in the Bible, the Rephaites, alludes to only one of the many theories as to who built the complex monument, or the purposes behind it. Considering the great size of Rujm el-Hiri, it’s no wonder it might be considered the work of giant beings.

Referred to as “Stonehenge of the Levant”, it is estimated to be approximately 5,000 years old. Dated to the Early Bronze Age II period (3000 to 2700 BC), it is believed contemporary with the prehistoric Stonehenge monument in the UK.

The iconic Stonehenge at Whiltshire, UK.

The iconic Stonehenge at Whiltshire, UK. ( CC BY-SA 2.0 )

According to Reuters, at ground level it appears to be heaps of crumbling stone walls. Hundreds of dolmens, or rock formations, are scattered across the expansive field at the site, and so it was only the aerial archaeological surveys in the late 1960’s that finally allowed the whole of the pattern to be revealed from the air, which was unrecognized from the ground—that of a massive bull’s-eye.

A view of the site at ground level.

A view of the site at ground level. (Flickr/ CC BY 2.0 )

Excavations found it to be one of the biggest and oldest structures in the region.

No Bodies to be Found at the Large Burial Site

Between five and nine massive circular rings surround a central burial chamber, the largest ring measuring more than 500 feet (152 meters) wide, and reaching three to eight feet (one to 2.5 meters) high, reports About Education . The rings are not all complete, and some of them are connected with short walls, making ‘spokes’ in the giant wheel.

The walls were formed consistently thick, between 10.5 and 10.8 feet (3.2 and 3.3 meters).

There is debate as to whether the burial cairn at the center of this prehistoric megalith was made at the time original creation of the rings. The central heap of stone is approximately 15 to 16 feet (five meters) high, and 65 to 80 (20 to 25 meters) feet in diameter.

Precious few artifacts have been uncovered at Rujm el-Hiri, due to its age and an unfortunate history of looting at the site. A single Chalcolithic pin was seemingly dropped by looters at the site.  It is thought the central cairn may have once held jewelry and weapons. Excavations of walled chambers did not find any artifacts, indicating the spaces were not used for storage or living spaces.

No radiocarbon dating timelines could be established as no prehistoric organic material was ever recovered from the site.

The dark entrance to the burial chamber found at the center of the megalithic site.

The dark entrance to the burial chamber found at the center of the megalithic site. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Trying to Explain the Prehistoric Mystery

Uri Berger, an expert on megalithic tombs with the Israel Antiquities Authority said,

“It's an enigmatic site. We have bits of information, but not the whole picture. Scientists come and are amazed by the site and think up their own theories," reports Haaretz.

View inside the burial chamber.

View inside the burial chamber. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Archaeologists believe the site was not used as dwellings or a defensive structure, but other than that there’s no consensus on its purpose or function. No other structure like it has been found in the Near East.


While touring Gilgal Refaim in Bashan, a region where Ba'al was worshiped during unholy rituals, please heed the prophecy:
"When the blood of an unblemished lamb is spilled once again upon the altar of Bashan, look to the morning star for the return of Ha-Satan."

Ba'al translates to "God".

jpopplewell's picture

How do you stone Christians thousands of years before the birth of Christ?

jpopplewell's picture


jpopplewell's picture

I very much enjoyed this presentation on Rujm el-Hiri and was compelled to seek further information. I found an extremely well written and scholarly paper on the site, by Dr. Anthony Aveni, a Colgate University professor of astronomy and anthropology. He is considered one of the original founders of the field of archaeoastronomy and is on the boards of the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard, and the Mesoamerican Archive and Research Project, Princeton. Dr. Aveni’s research has led him to conclude that Rujm el-Hiri was both a ritual observatory and calendrical system. I highly recommend this article and marvel at the precision and detail of its tables and the schematics of the site's numerous alignments. For some particular reason, this paper may take over a minute to load, but it will, and is well worth the wait.

Rujm el-Hiri was a high water mark for third millenium B.C. megalithic archaeology, and this paper provides a profusion of information concerning it and other prehistoric locales.

Jeff Popplewell   


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