Hirbat Midras, in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve in Israel, part of what geologist Dr. Alexander Koltypin hypothesizes to be a massive complex of prehistoric underground structures stretching across the Mediterranean.

Is This a Huge Million-Year-Old, Man-Made Underground Complex?

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By Tara MacIsaac , Epoch Times

Most archaeologists and historians agree that human civilization only emerged some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Yet many researchers have drawn attention to artifacts and various other evidence of advanced civilizations long before this, even millions of years earlier.

Among them is Dr. Alexander Koltypin, a geologist and director of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology.

Koltypin has analyzed ancient underground structures across the Mediterranean and identified similarities that lead him to believe the sites were once connected. Furthermore, the weathering of the structures, their material composition, and the geological features and historic changes in the region, lead him to believe they were built by an advanced civilization hundreds of thousands or millions of years ago.

Archaeologists working in the region usually date the sites by looking at the settlements located on them or nearby. But these settlements were simply built upon existing prehistoric structures, Koltypin said.

“When we examined the constructions … none of us never for a moment had a doubt that they are much older than the ruins of the Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Roman, Byzantine, and other cities and settlements that are placed on it and around,” he wrote on his website.

He climbed a hill about 1,300 feet high near the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, central Israel. As he looked over the site, he recalled a similar feeling from when he had climbed to the top of the rock city Cavusin in Turkey.

 “I was personally convinced once again … that all these rectangular indentations, man-made underground structures, and scattered debris of megaliths were one underground-terrestrial megalithic complex which was opened by erosion to a depth of several hundred meters.”

Erosion and Mountain-Formation

Not all parts of the purported complex are still underground. Some have come far above ground with geological shifts throughout history—the ancient rocky towns of Cappadocia in Turkey, for example, which Koltypin includes in the complex.

Some parts may also be found under the Mediterranean Sea, as is indicated by structures along the coast.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey.

Cavusin village in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

In central and northern Israel and central Turkey, Koltypin estimates the sites were exposed after an erosive cut into the Earth of several hundred meters (more than 1,000 feet).

“According to my estimates, such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years,” he wrote.

He hypothesizes that part of the complex was brought to the surface as a result of alpine orogeny (mountain-formation).

The composition of building materials at a site in Antalya, Turkey, which Koltypin calls the “Jernokleev site,” are also some 500,000 to 1 million years old by his estimate.

Archaeologists usually date the man-made structures at Jernokleev to the Middle Ages. But, Koltypin says the materials indicate a much older age.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey.

An ancient stone structure in Antalya, Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Such depth of erosion … hardly could be formed in less time than 500,000 to 1 million years. — Dr. Alexander Koltypin, International Independent University of Ecology and Politology”

What he identifies as a pink “cement” includes in it man-made ceramic fragments and basalts of volcanic origin among other materials. The last time an active volcano would have been present in the region to provide the basalts would have been some 500,000 to 1 million years ago.


As a result of the Earth’s crust moving over distant ages, parts of the underground complex have been plunged under sea level, Koltypin said.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey.

The floor of Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey. (Courtesy of Alexander Koltypin)

“Practically in all the studied underground constructions of Israel and in the majority of underground constructions of Turkey, sediments of lithified (hard) and calcareous clay deposits are widely developed on their floor,” he wrote. The nature of the deposits suggest the complex was underwater for a long time.

Similar Megaliths and Underground Entrances

The similar megalithic ruins at the various sites are part of what led Koltypin to surmise a connection between the sites, united in a giant prehistoric complex.

Megalithic blocks weighing tens of tons seem to have at some point likely been attached directly to the underground constructions, he said. “This circumstance gave me a reason to call the underground structures and geographically related ruins of cyclopean walls and buildings as a single underground-terrestrial megalithic complex.”


Tsurugi's picture

I completely disagree that "regular traffic" of horse-drawn carts could make such deep ruts in stone. I know that is the mainstream view, but it is absolutely preposterous.

Besides finding this whole subject fascinating, I figure I have to add a comment to it. Decades ago I was fortunate enough to be able to visit Italy with my parents and we visited several Roman ruins, including the city of Pompay. There we could see in the stone covered streets deep ruts, from exactly that, traffic of both chariot and wagon. The older the road, as long as it was continually used, the deeper the ruts, and to the point you would wounder how they could still be being used at that time without filling them up again somehow with gravel or something. For ruts that continue along and go into the sea, I would think would make them at the very least older than 7,000 years ago, or when ever the mediteranean was opened to the sea. Flooded and then dry again ruins that accumulated clay deposits might be indicative of having come through either the 'Noah's flood' which by the tale submerged most of the land for up to a full year, or by the one that the Egyptians referred to as having been part of the destruction of Atlantis and corresponds with the Clovis extinction event, being about 12,500 years ago. Then there's the man made artifacts dredged up off the coast of India that date to about 30,000 years ago....

The history of Geography more and more is pointing towards the destruction of civilizations happening all at once instead of on a gradual , evolutional basis, coal deposits coughing up occasional man made metal artifacts, trees penetrating though several layers of rock giving lie to the theories that these were laid down in different time periods, and so forth. The Andes suddently thrusting upward, and thus preserving an ancient city instead of the opposite happening like with the submergence of other coastal cities of the era around 9, 000 BC. Wars thoughout the ages have destroyed much, but there still is enough legends passed down by older civilizations that we know about the 'gods' and others that supposedly restarted civilizations from their adobes both in the sky and underneath the ground.
American indian legends and even some more modern prospectors, today have tales of a people still inhabiting underground areas.

To finally put forth some serious effort to exploring the underground areas of ruins is to be that much closer to knowing the truth about history and the peoples that came before our era. Places to look is anywhere there are legends of the ancient 'gods' adobes and operating areas, to include Baalbek, which I don't believe anyone has excavated very deeply or found tunnels leading to the depths yet.

Tsurugi's picture

@White Eagle:

Pompeii is an excellent example. Those ruts were made in mud. The mud became the "flagstone paving stones" we see now after being baked beneath many meters of hot volcanic ejecta. Notice the pattern of the "paving stones" is the same pattern seen on mud that has dried and cracked.

Another clue that the roads were mud are the series of raised stones that can be seen in some places. Those are "stepping stones", they allowed people to cross the road without having to slog through mud a foot deep.

My elementart school was builtin before 1920. The steps were noticeable worn and receding by students from generations walking on them. I have seen the same form event a decade or less wear.

Tsurugi's picture

Yes. Worn steps are a far cry from ruts with sharply defined edges that cut 10 inches into the stone, or 12 inches, or 24+ inches (like on Malta), and continue for kilometers, sometimes disappearing beneath the sea, only to re-emerge on a nearby island....or ruts that run right off the edge of a steep cliff, and continue on at the base of the cliff....or when there are multiple sets of ruts, all running back and forth across each other, all the same depth and clearly defined....

What I'm saying is, I did not mean to imply that stone could not be worn down. I meant that simple wearing of stone could not account for the nature of the ruts. This is demonstrable in many ways.


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