The reconstructed face of the young Egyptian woman.

The Face of a Beautiful Egyptian Woman Brought to Life from 2,000-Year-Old Mummy

(Read the article on one page)

The face of a young Egyptian woman who lived at least 2,000-years-ago has been reconstructed from a 3D print out of her skull. The forensic techniques employed revealed surprising facts about the beautiful woman, who has been named Meritamun, meaning beloved of the god Amun.

Researchers from the University of Melbourne in Australia, in collaboration with the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, used new technologies, including CT scanning, 3D printing and well known forensic facial reconstruction. Although, the mummy is incomplete, the remains stayed wrapped throughout the process.

The 3D printed skull of Meritamun took 140 hours to print.

The 3D printed skull of Meritamun took 140 hours to print. Picture: Paul Burston.

As Dr Ryan Jefferies, curator at the university's Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, said:

"This allowed for a non-invasive technique where we were able to see through all of the layers of the specimen, including the remanent muscle and all of the skull," he said. It's a powerful insight into someone's life who lived thousands of years ago. The advances in technology are making it easier. Whereas traditionally there was a lot more speculation, now we can be a lot more scientifically accurate with the data sets that we're using and then it becomes easier to do the reconstruction."

The head of a mummy has spent more than 90 years in the basement, which belongs to the University of Melbourne. According to the researchers, she died as a young woman between the age 18 and 25. It was determined due to the width of her mouth and the positioning of her teeth, and her nose shape and size was determined by the width of the nasal aperture. The researchers also found out that she had quite large eyes. Other parts of the body were lost due to unknown reasons.

The mummy was brought to Australia by English anthropologist Frederic Wood Jones, who joined the University of Melbourne as head of anatomy in 1930. It was excavated most probably between 1907 and 1908, when Jones completed archaeological survey work in southern Egypt to save ancient relics ahead of the Aswan Dam expansion on the Nile.

The reconstruction of Meritamun was just the beginning of the project related to the mysterious mummy. Now they hope to learn how she lived, where she came from and how she died. Moreover, according to Jefferies, the reconstruction is an exceptional teaching tool for students studying forensic analysis and pathology. It may have opened the doors to future works on many of the 12,000 forensic human specimens which belong to the collection from Melbourne.

Facial reconstruction from old skulls is a relatively new technique but is beginning to be practiced more frequently. In July, , 2016, Alicia McDermott from Ancient Origins reported on another impressive female facial reconstruction. She wrote:

''Although she has been dead for over 3,700 years, a woman known as ‘Ava’ became the muse for a modern artist. By combining her ancient remains with modern software and imaging techniques, the appearance of the mysterious Bronze Age woman has been brought to light.

Specifically, the work Ava inspired is a facial reconstruction and the artist who recreated her appearance is a forensic artist specializing in this area. According to  Daily Mail  , Hew Morrison created the reconstruction by using a variety of techniques. First, he used an anthropological/pathological assessment of Ava’s skull to better determine her age and ancestry.

Next, Morrison said  that he “implemented a formula that was pioneered by the American Anthropologist Wilton M Krogman in his 1962 book 'The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine,’” to create the shape of Ava's lower jaw, which was missing.

The archaeologist details on her website how Ava’s was undoubtedly a special burial. The remains of the young woman were probably interred in a  crouched position  in the unmarked rock-cut pit. This is considered rather odd, as most burials from the location and period were underneath a cairn or in a pit dug into soil.

One of the most interesting and hotly debated aspects about Ava’s remains is her skull. Short and round skull shapes were supposedly common amongst the Beaker people, but Hoole’s website says that the Achavanich specimen is exaggerated and of an abnormal, uneven shape.''

Top image: The reconstructed face of the young Egyptian woman. Image: Paul Burston / University of Melbourne

By Natalia Klimzcak

Comments

Her skull was "exaggerated and of an abnormal, uneven shape." Also, "quite large" eyes. "Other parts of the body were lost due to unknown reasons." More cover up for elongated skull Pharaonic Neanderthal master species Homo Capensis. See Mac Tonnies' crypto terrestrial hypothesis. They're here. They've always been here, before Sapiens humans. Probably some high in military, secret societies, Vatican, Knights Templars have more direct contact.

following

Why is this portrayal of this 2000yr-old face, and features Caucasian?

Why Not? What makes you think they wouldn't have what you call Caucasian - (In tis case European/Mediterranean ) features.. Egypt borders a sea that is very easy to navigate and had been a trade route for hundreds, though sands of years.. not to mention all the other mid eastern and other countries on the other borders,.. were you under the impression that All Egyptians were black? Hardly...

It is a reconstruction of an ancient Egyptian person's face. There is nothing unusual about it in comparison with average faces of other, North African people.

2000yr-old face - Ptolemaic period (Mediterranean appearance / no Caucasian)

The outcome is always Caucasus because it is always a Caucasian forensic scientists making the claim and remaking the world into their likeness as they do throughout history, cause, you know, no Black race of people existed until recently :-( according to them thus it retains their grasp on the world history and makes them feel better about themselves

Wow, you sure seem to have a stick up your rear end! I suppose anyone who's skin color is not black, in this world, falls into the Caucasian category where people like you are concerned! The entire world is made up of only Caucasians and black people. WOW, I really had no idea! Take your hate somewhere else, this site is for those of us who actually care about ancient history.

It is not about you. This is purely a example of the type of face that this beautiful ancient woman had. If they had made her face a different color would she be an less beautiful?

She doesn't look Caucasian to me. She looks Romanian to me! I guess having a narrow nose makes EVERYONE Caucasian these days.................... What modern race, in your opinion, should she have been formed to look like?

Uh huh...if you say so----anything but having African features is ok----They even contradict themselves by giving her braids---thick braids with the hair a contextual representation of Black hair--again they are creating the old world in thire vision as if Blacks never existed or even had an advanced civilization when we know better than the distortions they portray

Please do your research. They often shaved their heads because of the prevalence of head lice in those days. Again, would it make her any less beautiful?

An Egyptian woman of this time would have had a shaved head and worn a wig made out of assorted materials to keep from getting lice in her hair.

WATCHER517, it is unnecessary and unhelpful to try and turn everything into a race issue. The fact is, the facial reconstruction fits what many North African people look like. Her hair style is nothing unusual and has never been limited to black people, just as straight hair has never been limited to white people.

There is great variety among modern humans, including people from Africa. There is no need to try and make a race issue where is none.

BRAIDS ARE A "EUROPEAN" THING. MALE & FEMALE. SOME NEGROIDS PICKED IT UP THROUGH CONTACT WITH CAUCASOIDS. NORTH AFRICA IS A CAUCASOID PLACE WITH PRIMARILY CAUCASOID PEOPLE, THEN AND NOW. TODAY THERE IS AN ADMXTURE OF ARABS & NEGROIDS. THE REMAINS REFLECT ALL THE DIVERSITY OF THE CAUCASOID. REDS, BLONDES, AND BRUNETTES. THEY OFTEN SHAVED THEIR HEADS AND WORE WIGS WHEN THE DESERT BLEW IN LICE. HOWEVER, AS LITTLE AS A MILLIMETER OF HAIR VIEWED UNDER A MICROSCOPE CAN VERIFY RACE. USING FORESIC ANTHROPOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES, THEY WOULD IDENTIFY THE RACE AND MOST PROBABLE COMPLEXION. SIMPLE ENOUGH AND QUITE ACCURATE.

obviously you are deluded and in denial and trying to rewrite history as if the efforts of your ikl. Your usage of Negroids in and of itself betrays your pusillanimous racism. Braids have always been and will always be an African hairstyle. In Africa hair braiding can be traced back as far as 3500 B.C. As far as Caucasoids go, they merely appropriated the hairstyle as they do everything. Caucasoids were still living in caves while African were flourishing and building culture and the foundations of humankind..

The point of fact answer: The reconstruction was done by someone that felt that her features and tanned skinned was of the caucasian. Because chances are great that the person that did the reconstruct is caucasian themselves or identify as caucasian.

The ancient Egyptians were Nubian and the facial reconstruction is biased and incorrect.

Not all were Nubian. The fact is, the facial reconstruction fits what many North African people look like. There is great variety among modern humans, including people from Africa.

Rudresh's picture

The skull does not look elongated. It's quite a normal shape. Jeeves in PG Wodehouse is depicted this way. I know many people with this type of skull. 

It also means a lot of gray matter and therefore intelligence. 

I saw both videos. How did they decide to give her the braided hairdo. That is very common style amongst Burundi women. (Let's not talk about rap stars)

Meritamun does not mean beloved of Amun. That would be "Amunapiya”.

Meritamun means "my Amun". 

If this name or others are based on the Rosetta Stone translations then it's wrong. Those Egyptian hieroglyphs are not alphabets in the way we know of A, B, C type of letters. They are depictions of sounds. 

I find this type of artistic rendering quite offensive and blatantly racist. Just a bit of ethnographic research would show the ivory tower experts who create this type of work that the native peoples of Northern Africa are NOT white. It is extremely misleading (not to mention unscientific) to portray Egyptians this way. Obviously these experts have a problem imagining a beautiful Egyptian woman with golden-olive or dark brown skin, and having African features, as shown in innumerable period tomb paintings representing centuries of Egyptian culture.

You should try adjusting your screen. The reconstruction is clearly not white. There is nothing unusual about it in comparison with average faces of other, North African people.

You idiot, her skin is not white! Clearly there is a color to her skin! Anyone living in that region would have been tanned, not white as you are claiming this figure is. I guess the model isn't dark enough for you! But, guess what? NOT ALL EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK! It amazes me how people seem to think that only BLACK people lived anywhere in Africa, EVER!!!

So now I'm an idiot because you want hr to be white---Again the area was black until the Romans came in and conquerd it however this was befor the Romans---and again, a white person is using their personal bias to make her white------get used to it---this world was Black until the white virus appeared---and you just proved my point by your pusillanimous outburst---seeya loser---POOF BE GONE

Wrong. Egypt was not a black country until they were conquered by blacks and had black Pharoahs long after this woman lived. . The reign of the black Pharoshs was short and the Egyptians overthrew them and regained control. The Egyptians were semetic people, much like the Jews who had contact with them during the time of Abraham and then Joseph and prpbably long before that.

Check out the bust of Nefertiti on line, that woman was NOT Saharan African. North Africans don't look like Africans from the Saharan region any more then the Ethiopians do.

Duh Nefertiti was from the Ptolemaic era when Greeks and Romans over ran Egypt DUH---Blacks come in many shades unlike whites of the time and today---Whites always have tried rewriting history then get their panties in a bunch when the lies are exposed and live a state of perpetual denial

Nefertiti was NOT from the line of Ptolemy! She was King Tut's step mother long before Alexander the Great left Egypt to Ptolemy. the Roman period came even later.,

Hello Sandra I would like to know if the Ancient Egyptians were Black or White, like Pharaoh Thutmouse. Can you give insight into what transpired between 1800 - 1300 BC in Egypt ...were Jews there then, were they black , some people say Jews were originally black people like Ethiopians... that's why their hair type allows for dreadlocks like Samson in the Bible, Ras taferrians in Ethiopia ... please just insight. I appreciate. Thanks

Neferteri was 18th Dynasty which ended in 1292 BS. The Nubian Dynasty was the 25th and there were 3 in that line, but they didn't live in Egypt the first of the line returned to Nubia after taking Egypt over during a period of severe unrest and civil war.

Really, maybe there is some important information about Nefertiti, but the sarcasm totally distracts from the message.

It's only vulgar to you because it goes against the white perspective of history and therefore your racial biases. Now, you may deflect elsewhere

Before the Romans, Egypt was ruled for 500 years by Persians and Greeks. And even before that, Egyptians were not blacks. They were just like they are today, the conquerors were only a very small proportion of the population and they were assimilated.

keep the white washing of history going as i know how much you people dislike the truth as it shines the light on your lies and miserable existence

Not everything or everyone in the world is racist.

"Just a bit of ethnographic research would show the ivory tower experts who create this type of work that the native peoples of Northern Africa are NOT white." Indeed but, that doesn't mean that they are all black Africans. It also doesn't mean that the reconstruction in this article is white. Talking of doing research, if you do some you would see that many North Africans are not white or black Africans and therefore, this reconstruction fits the common appearance of many of them.

For crying out loud, the west are making the images of lord Christ as a Caucasian. Without hurting anybody's sentiments, he could have been brown or even a darker colour. What has colour or features got to do with humanity

IT'S GOT A LOT TO DO WITH IT. AS IMAGES, FALSE IMAGES ONLY SERVE THE AGENDA AND INTENT OF INDOCTRINATION AND PROPAGANDA OF WHITE DOMINANCE, AS IF NO OTHER PEOPLES CONTRIBUTED TO THIS WORLD----just like TV conveys false images and perspectives in the imaginations of others, when only whites are portrayed in movies, etc and used to white wash history----SO OF COURSE YOU WOULD NOT UNDERSTAND THE STRONG FALSE LIES THESE THINGS SEND OUT, ESPECIALLY SINCE 3/4 OF THE WORLD IS ACTUALLY OF PEOPLE OF COLOR----and I'm certain you questioning what difference it makes means you too feed into the white washing and are offended when presented with evidence contrary to the alternative narratives which have been painted thru out the centuries, otherwise our mind would be open enough to understand the full ramifications

It was done by a 3D PRINTER ! Good grief people. Relax on the racism. Just look respectfully for historic accuracy and enjoy the site. So much insane visciousness is uncalled for.

Again, you are the vicious one on your attempts to dilute and marginalize black history with your pusillanimous and passive attempt to be dismissive. I am certain you're the type of person who would tell the black race to get over enslavement in order to whitewash the truth to fit your racist agenda and intent. Especially being that you betray yourself by lingering, trolling and quickly responding. Yeah, You outed yourself

I have an caucasian ancestor who shares tthe same YDNA haplotype with Tut. It is explained that Egypt had trade with many other countries who had trade with many other countries and caucasian DNA could have been imported to Egypt through slaves sold to Egypt by other countries who traded with caucasian countries.

Egypt was not an isolated country 2,000 years ago. They had large metropolitan cities with ships from many foreign ports bringing in goods. A later Pharoh had Scandinavian bodyguards. And, did those bodyguards keep it in their loincloths? Probably not.

Actually they did keep it in their pants otherwise they would have suffered a painful death ---they had to eunuchs-------furthermore their were never any Scandinavians ever in Egypt----and according to you if there were that would mean Egyptians definitely populated Scandinavia with their seed LMAO YOU WANT SOME LMAO

Yes, please Google "Celts in Egypt." And, Egypt did not conquer Scandinavia. You certainly do not know much about history. The Scandinavians were a seafaring people who DID travel to almost all of the world. They DID breed with Egyptian woman because King Tut has a YDNA haplotype shared by many Europeans. Please do not argue with a well read and well educated anthropoligist and Egyptoligist.

Rameses II and his dad were gingers. His mom was said to be blonde.
I'm not really surprised with the depiction.

Egypt Island doesn't exist. Most orthodox Egyptologist are in control of the message of the science of racism being told to the world in a desperate attempt to exclude Black East Africans from the foundation of pharanic ancient Egypt. Even though the culture connection is100 % black east african and not Middle Eastern or European. No one will ever deny that in the lower nile delta region a small group of Mediterranean people began to settle in the country, but to make this bogus claim that the ancient Egyptian civilization belongs to them is just another example of the science of racism without any factual evidence. Once you strip away the European Greece name for nile valley region. The real black african civilization is revealed "Ta-Merry (Egypt) Ta-seti (Sudan) Ta-Neter (Ethiopia /Eritrea). A multicultural black ethnic society .

THOSE NAMES DO NOT INDICATE ANYTHING NEGROID. THE REGIONS WERE NAMED BY CAUCASOIDS. NEGRIODS HAD NO WRITTEN LANGUAGE UNTIL IT WAS GIVEN BY CAUCASOIDS. THOTMOSIS/THOMAS IS A COMMON NAME AMONG THE WELSH AND THEY MATCH GENETICALLY. MEROE IN ETHIOPIA (GREEK MEANING SUN BURNT COMPLEXION) WAS CAUCASOID. THE PULANI/FULANI (MEANS PALE) WERE CAUCASOID. THE BEJA TOOK THEIR NAMES WITH THEM AFTER RELOCATING TO SOUTHERN FRANCE WHERE THEY USED NAMES LIKE BEAUJOLAIS, BORDEAUX, BOUGEREAU/BOUDREAUX ALL DERIVED FROM BEJA. THE CULTURE AND NATURAL ENVIRONS ARE THE SAME ON BOTH SHORES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN. HENCE THE BERBER/MOORS GENETIC LINK WITH WESTERN EUROPE. IFRIQEA ONLY REFERRED TO LIBYA (LIKE LEBANON WHICH MEANS WHITE). THEY WERE REDS AND BLONDES. LATER THEIR NAME BECAME THE NAME FOR THE CONTINENT. SO AFRICANS WERE CAUCASOID. NOW NEGROIDS CALL THEMSELVES AFTER OUR NAMES AND HERD THE CATTLE WE LEFT BEHIND. WE LEFT SOME OF OUR DNA TOO WHICH IS WHY EAST AFRICANS LOOK MORE LIKE US THAN LIKE NEGROIDS.

Your white wash fantasy about black africans are truly delusional in every way. There's more diversity within the Black african population then in Europe or the Middle East. Difference in facial features, body types, hair tesure / color and hue of skin colors which range from the spectrum from light /brown/black..Due to climate zones and the evolution of subspecies of Black African in various region of Africa .There are many different enfnic group's within West Africa that have the same features as there black Ethiopian counterparts .Racist white anthropologists discovered this fact when travelling through out west , central, and southern east/west Africa but the chose to omitted this from there finding and papers and books .To create the mythology true negros and Caucasian infuse blacked skin race of North East Africa. Ancient Egyptian culture/custom/custom/ritual/signs/symbolism /matriarchal clan and divine Kingship .Can ony be found within Black Africa the cultural heritage and bond is 100 % proof and doesn't exist in the history of Europe, Asia, Mediterranean or Arabia .Caucasian have a recessive gene and Black African have a dominant gene.After 400 years of inter breeding with Caucasian Black Americans are still black africans in appearance. Black African can genetically through breeding make the Caucasian race extinct. Know your science and history of Black Africa and stop living in a racist mythology fantasy.

The tomb of Pharaoh king TUT was sealed and fully intact when it was discovered in 1922. A eyewitness account for the whole world to see. The opening of King TUT tomb and no reason for any debates, opinions, point of view or interpretations from anyone .Inside the tomb is a life size statue of King TUT made in his likeness . A black east african for the whole world to see . The painting on the wall of his tomb chambers also show King TUT as a black east african . Most interesting is a walking stick among items found inside TUT. One side is the image of a white asiatic and the other side of the stick black african of unknown ethnic group. The Black african and KING TUT are represented in the same way "both of them are jet black in skin color". Yet the racists propaganda still continues. National geographic magazine had on the front cover the face of KING TUT shown as a white semetic person and on TV fabricate DNA results about KING TUT which claim he had ancestry with white European. There's nothing within KING TUT tomb that would make these bogus lies believable. Pharanic ancient Egyptian culture is black african and is culturally connected with the rest of Black Africa. No white European, Mediterranean, Asiatic, or Semitic can ever claim Pharanic Egyptian culture because it doesn't exist. No cultural connection with Europe, Middle East, Asia or Arabia. Only within Black Africa . Although the racists propaganda will always be around it will always be discredited and abandoned. The Black african cultural roots of the foundation of pharanic ancient Egypt can never be destroyed

wikipedia disputes your claims. you should write them. thx

TUT WAS A EUROPEAN SO HE HAD TO BE RAACCCIST. AFTER ALL HE DREW PICTURES OF NEGROID ENEMIES ON HIS SHOES TO WALK ON THEM. AND CARVED THEM INTO HIS ECCLESIASTICAL FOOTSTOOL SO AS TO DOMINATE THEM. ALSO CARVED THEM INTO HIS WALKING STICKS SO HIS ENEMIES WOULD ALWAYS BE IN HIS HANDS. NO EGYPTIAN KNEW THEMSELVES TO BE OTHER THAN CAUCASIAN. THEIR CONTACT WITH SOUTHERN NEGROIDS WAS TO BATTLE INVADING "TROGLODYTES" WHOSE SPEECH RESEMBLED SCREECHING BATS.. WHEN AT THE END OF EGYPTIAN GREATNESS, A MULATTO FROM THE THEN MIXED SOUTH WAS INSTALLED AS LEADER, HE WAS NOT AN EGYPTIAN, BUT HAD LEARNED SOME OF THEIR CUSTOMS. SIMULATION IS NOT CREATION, AND IS NEVER IDENTICAL TO THE ORIGINAL WHICH IS WHY EGYPT S NO MORE. CIVILIZATIONS ARE CREATED BY PEOPLE AND WHEN THOSE PEOPLE DEPART, SO DOES THEIR CIVILIZATION.

Pages

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Ancient Technology

All images courtesy of Dr Rita Louise
The vajra is the most important ritual implement of Vajrayana Buddhism. In Sanskrit, the word vajra is defined as something hard or mighty, as in a diamond. It symbolizes an impenetrable, immovable and indestructible state of knowledge and enlightenment.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article