Dalai Lama

Chinese government says Dalai Lama must reincarnate to respect tradition

(Read the article on one page)

The Dalai Lama has said that he may choose not to reincarnate inside Tibet if it is not free, and that no one has the right to choose his successor for political ends. However, the Chinese government, which has always accused the Dalai Lama of being a political separatist, says declining to reincarnate is a step too far and insists he must ‘respect’ the ancient tradition of reincarnation.

According to a news release in Reuters, the 14 th Dalai Lama (born Tenzin Gyatso) explained in an interview to German newspaper Welt am Sonntag that the tradition of the Dalai Lama post could end with him, adding that Tibetan Buddhism was not dependent on a single person. The Chinese government was not amused.

China has ruled Tibet since Communist troops invaded in 1950. The Dalai Lama fled into exile in India in 1959 after an abortive uprising against Chinese rule. China has long viewed the Dalai Lama as a thorn in their side, calling him a “wolf in monk’s clothing”. However, in a curious twist, they seem to want him back again in another reincarnation.

Potala Palace

Potala Palace, the Dalai Lama's residence until 1959. Image source .

A spokesman for China’s Foreign Ministry, Hua Chunying told reporters that China had a “set religious procedure and historic custom” when it came to the reincarnation of living Buddhist lamas, including the position of Dalai Lama.

“China follows a policy of freedom of religion and belief, and this naturally includes having to respect and protect the ways of passing on Tibetan Buddhism,” said Mr Hua, according to Reuters.

“The title of Dalai Lama is conferred by the central government, which has hundreds of years of history. The 14th Dalai Lama has ulterior motives, and is seeking to distort and negate history, which is damaging to the normal order of Tibetan Buddhism.”

Qin Yongzhang, an ethnologist with the China Academy of Social Sciences, added that the Dalai Lama “cannot abolish the reincarnation system that has been carried on for five centuries with just one word.”

Professor Elliot Sperling, an expert on Tibetan affairs at the University of Indiana in Bloomington, said that the Dalai Lama may be trying to avoid a situation where China controls his successor.  “The Chinese want a Dalai Lama, but they want their own Dalai Lama,” said Professor Sperling. “They think they could use someone under their control … to manipulate the Tibetans.”

Indeed, Tibet’s religious traditions have increasingly come under the tight control of the Chinese government. In 1995, after the Dalai Lama named a boy in Tibet as the reincarnation of the previous Panchen Lama, the second highest figure in Tibetan Buddhism, China put that boy under house arrest and installed another in his place, who spends most of his time in Beijing. Then in 2007, the government issued "Management Measures for the Reincarnation of Living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism", giving itself a central role at all stages of the reincarnation process.

An Ancient Tradition

According to Tibetan Buddhist belief, the current Dalai Lama is a reincarnation of a past lama who decided to be reborn again to continue his important work, instead of moving on from the wheel of life. A person who decides to be continually reborn is known as tulku. Buddhists believe that the first tulku in this reincarnation was Gedun Drub, who lived from 1391-1474 and the second was Gendun Gyatso. However, the title ‘Dalai Lama’, which means Ocean of Wisdom, was not conferred until the third reincarnation in the form of Sonam Gyatso in 1578.

Since the 17th century until 1962, the Dalai Lama also controlled the Tibetan government. The 14 th and current Dalai Lama remained the head of state for the Central Tibetan Administration, made up of Tibetans in exile, until formally resigning from the role in March of 2011.

The process of identifying a reincarnated Dalai Lama is steeped in centuries of tradition and can take many years.  After the death of a Dalai Lama it has traditionally been the responsibility of the High Lamas of the Gelugpa Tradition and the Tibetan government to find his reincarnation.

The 14th Dalai Lama

The 14 th Dalai Lama was identified at the age of 3. Image source .

The High Lamas search for a boy who was born around the same time as the death of the Dalai Lama. The lamas may dream or have a vision about a location that will help to identify the boy.  Once they believe they have located the correct home, they present the child with a number of items, which include several items that belonged to the previous Dalai Lama. If the boy chooses the items that belonged to the previous Dalai Lama, this is seen as a sign that he is the tulku. 

Comments

angieblackmon's picture

I understand the seriousness of this, but I also find it kinda funny in a child like way....like when you tell a kid to do something and they won't....I hope it all works out and he does decide to reincarnate!

love, light and blessings

AB

Like all totalitarian regimes, China is immensely paranoid and disturbed by anything that might generate independent thought of any kind. His Holiness is simply playing this enormous machine of dictatorship at it own game here to highlight how Beijing likes to talk about "cultural and religious freedoms" that it demands complete control over. As Google found out a while back, and the whole world saw during the protests in the run up to the 2008 Olympics: the Chinese government sees itself as the sole repository of "freedom" for the people it controls. Well done to the Dalai Lama for forcing an atheist regime into such an amusingly paradoxical position!

China is acting like Russia again. Very curious to see who has influenced who over the years. So sad to see a last Dalai Lama, a last Pope, a last Democracy, last freedom, and a new institutional Doctrine.
Such a repeat of lessons not learned at a human child's live, no respect!

rbflooringinstall's picture

If the man doesn't want to reincarnate they need to respect his wishes. I'm sure everyone is going to find out that that decision is out of thier controllin the end.

Peace and Love,

Ricky.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Human Origins

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.
Most people are now familiar with the traditional "Out of Africa" model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago. However, technological advances in DNA analysis and other fossil identification techniques, as well as an emphasis on multidisciplinary research

Ancient Technology

Detail of a star chart dating to the Middle Kingdom.
The calendar is one of mankind’s most important inventions. Calendars allowed societies to organize time for religious, social, economic, and administrative purposes. The calendar, or rather, two sets of calendars, were invented by the ancient Egyptians. One of these was a lunar calendar, which was used mainly for the organization of religious festivals.

Ancient Places

Smuts house
The farmstead of General Jan Smuts on the outskirts of Pretoria, is reputed to be one of the most haunted private homes in the country, according to Mr Mark Rose-Christie, raconteur and social scientist, who regularly takes brave visitors on a tour of haunted sites on his mystery ghost bus.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article