Mesolithic sanctuary

Mesolithic sanctuary reveals evidence of ritual and astronomical practice

(Read the article on one page)

Archaeologists have uncovered evidence for the practice of rituals and possible astronomical practices in Western Pomerania, dating back to the Mesolithic period, at least 9,000 years ago, according to a report on PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland. 

The discovery was made in Bolków near lake Świdwie in Western Pomerania, where archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Szczecin, Poland, discovered a Mesolithic sanctuary.

The site was made famous earlier this year, when researchers discovered a hut containing a meteorite fragment , along with a large group of sacral objects, including an amulet, a so-called ‘magic staff’ fashioned from antlers and decorated with geometric motifs, and an engraved bone spear. Taken together, the collection of objects led the researchers to believe that the site in which the ancient inhabitants engaged in some form of ritual or ceremony.

Meteorite fragment

The meteorite fragment shown from different angles. Credit: Nauka w Polsce

Since then, researchers have continued to excavate the site and have now uncovered the remains of two pine and aspen pole structures which would have stood to a height of some 1.5 metres. Inside the structures, archaeologists found a single bundle containing pieces of pine and birch, animal bones, and bunches of grass. 

“These findings are very eloquent, direct evidence that the beliefs and rituals Mesolithic societies were inextricably linked to the world of animals and plants from which depended on their being economical. Bundles contain key elements of the contemporary environment,” said Professor Tadeusz Galinski, head of research.

In addition to the structures, researchers found seven perfectly preserved yew stalks embedded in the ground in a very distinctive pattern. According to Professor Galinski, the pattern corresponds to the constellation known as Ursa Major (the Great Bear) – the brightest star of which is the so-called Big Dipper.

Seven yew blades

Seven yew blades were found embedded in the ground in a distinctive pattern resembling the constellation Ursa Major. Credit: Tadeusz Galinski

Ursa Major

Ursa Major (inset: position of Yew stakes.) Main Image: Manfred Wassmann

The researchers believe that the discovery of the meteorite fragment and bundles of sacral objects, along with the possible astronomical discovery, suggests that shamans played an important role in Mesolithic communities, developing an interest in the mysteries of the sky, and honouring special elements in the natural world around them.

Featured image: A Mesolithic settlement. Crown Copyright reproduced courtesy of Historic Scotland.

By April Holloway

Comments

angieblackmon's picture

my thoughts exactly!

love, light and blessings

AB

rbflooringinstall's picture

thats awesome. i bet the place was founded because of the meteorite

Peace and Love,

Ricky.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

A painted relief shows Ramesses III making offerings to the gods in the sanctuary of the temple of Khonsu at Karnak. Design by Anand Balaji.
The reign of Ramesses III proved to be unprecedented in more ways than one. While most of his predecessors often had to thwart the designs of Egypt’s enemies one at a time, he had to quell invasion attempts by a coalition of savage forces on land and water. As the marauding Sea Peoples set their sights on the grandest prize, Ramesses realized that he had to make a bold statement as Pharaoh and prove that he was God on earth by annihilating their foes.

Myths & Legends

Human Origins

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.
Most people are now familiar with the traditional "Out of Africa" model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago. However, technological advances in DNA analysis and other fossil identification techniques, as well as an emphasis on multidisciplinary research

Ancient Technology

Ancient Places

Pictorial representation of Pyramid in Teuchitlán Guachimontones Museum.
Guachimontones (known alternatively as Huachimontones) is an archaeological site located in the western Mexican state of Jalisco. This is an important site of the Teuchitlan tradition, which was a pre-Columbian complex society that flourished in the western part of Mexico (occupying territories in the modern Mexican states of Jalisco and Nayarit).

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article