Elongated Skull in Paracas

Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released – with incredible results

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Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru.  It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls.

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while cranial deformation changes the shape of the skull, it does not alter its volume, weight, or other features that are characteristic of a regular human skull.

The Paracas skulls, however, are different.  The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening. They also contain only one parietal plate, rather than two. The fact that the skulls’ features are not the result of cranial deformation means that the cause of the elongation is a mystery, and has been for decades. 

Artistic - Elongated Skull

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore / Ciamar Studio

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of the local museum, called the Paracas History Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of the Paracas skulls, allowed the taking of samples from 5 of the skulls. The samples consisted of hair, including roots, a tooth, skull bone and skin, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. Samples from three skulls were sent to the geneticist, although the geneticist was not given any information about what they came from until after the genetic testing, so as not to create any preconceived ideas.  

The results of a DNA analysis of one of the skulls are now back, and Brien Foerster, author of more than ten books and an authority on the ancient elongated headed people of South America, has just revealed the preliminary results of the analysis. He reports on the geneticist's findings:

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

The implications are of course huge. “I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” the geneticist wrote. He added that if the Paracas individuals were so biologically different, they would not have been able to interbreed with humans.

The result of this analysis is only phase one of many phases of analysis due to take place.  The next tests will involve having the initial test replicated, and conducted on other skulls, so that the results can be compared to see if there are any specific Paracas characteristics. We will update when more details emerge.

Watch the video interview with Brien Foerster revealing new details about the genetic analysis.

Featured Image: An elongated skull found in Paracas

By April Holloway


aprilholloway's picture

Hello Anthony, this information comes directly from the researcher investigating the skulls, Brien Foerster, and the results have just been released so you won't see it in any journals.  This is only phase one of the analysis and there are many more tests to be done before it would get even close to publication. For a start, the same analysis is due to be carried out on two more Paracas skulls and the intention is also to analyse multiple samples from the same skulls. A lot more replication has to be done and that has been made very clear in the article.  

No data will be released until all stages of analysis have been complete.

We are not here to convince people of any particular view, we are reporting updates and that is all. When we receive the next update, we will report that too. 

I understand that the person who did the genetic analysis was Dr. Melba Ketchum.
I'm not inclined to give this much credence. However, if the claim is true, no doubt other researchers will replicate the findings.

aprilholloway's picture

Hi Rusty, no, Dr Melba Ketchum is working on some other samples from the skulls and she is trying to get some labs in the US to agree to doing a complete genome test. But the geneticist who undertook the first DNA analysis is not her. He will be addressing the public once all stages of analysis have been complete. This is only phase one. 

Tsurugi's picture

What reasons do you have for doubting Dr. Ketchum's work?

Good question to ask Tsurugi!

Those people that question Dr Ketchums study, are those without specific knowledge in the technology being used. Strangely enough, you will find very few people with such specific knowledge saying a word about it, and those few that do, are entirely supportive. If anyone would be able to debunk the study in a serious way ( meaning technology based way) , they would be hailed as heroes from the scientific communitys side, and still no one has done this.

Tsurugi's picture

Thanks for the reply, Inventor!
I myself do not possess the specific knowledge in the technology being used, so I am unable personally to critique Dr. Ketchum's work and results. As such, I thought I should read critiques written by others in an attempt to gauge the quality of her efforts.
However, I never did find anything that appeared to me to be a serious, scientific rebuttal. Most of what I read focused a lot of attention on the details surrounding Ketchum's attempts to publish the work, and were generally loaded with ridicule while entirely lacking in actual scientific critique, IMO. Reading them taught me nothing about Ketchum's work, but I did learn a lot about her critics.

So if I see something negative regarding Dr. Ketchum, I usually ask what basis the person has for that negative reaction. So far I haven't gotten a substantive response.
Technically, the lack of real scientific critique and the stacks of unscientific invective should not cause me to infer value onto Dr. Ketchum's work...but I confess it does, a bit, because the efforts of the critics appear more like the kind of rhetorical chorus one encounters in politics, where hidden agendas and calculated narratives lurk behind every word. Plus, it seems to me that if a scientist who was predisposed to object could find actual flaws in the body of the work, they would publish critiques which highlighted those flaws. The only reason for lots of negative responses that contain no substantive scientific criticism would seem to be that those predisposed to object could not find anything concrete to criticize, and thus resorted to ridicule and fallacy.

So I am glad to hear you say that at least some people knowledgeable in the field have given positive responses. In the long run, if her work is solid, it will get the attention and respect it deserves. As a philosopher(whose name escapes me) said, "All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."


You seem to now how people and politics work and explain this in such a good way!

Myself, I am not a philosopher, but I have been active in molecular biology technologies, allthough this was many years ago. The title I did put over my comment now, is the scientific name of the Sasquatch, as accepted by Zoobank, based on dr Ketchums study. So you see, there is allready some generall acceptance. In my view, the study is excellent when assesing the results and the quality of the work producing those results. There is no way this could have been flawed. Critisism about samples being contaminated, is the most silly one, because on this point, dr Ketchum really has the excellens of knowledge and people from achademia are rather more sloppy.

What could be discussed in my view, is the hypothesis drawn from these results. The most dramatic point in this, is not the proving of the existence of Sasquatch, rather that everything in the study points towards them being formed as a species from hybrid offspring between human mothers and unknown fathers. Those unknown fathers not even being hominids.

In the generall view, evolution is not including hybridisation events. this general view has allready been outruled by the findings of the Neanderthal and Denisovan genes present in many populations genepool off today. Also, the general view is that hybridisation cannot occur between individuals being off very distant relationship to each other. This last notion is based on the "protection" against hybridisations based on chromosomal numbers, making offspring from hybrids with different chromosomal numbers at least infertile. But... There is primates ( for instance from the genus Aotus, owlmonkeys) that do have 46 chromosomes, like us, and they live on the American continent as well. First generation hybrid offspring may have a much lesser survival rate and even lesser reproductional succes, but if there is enough surviving offspring from further generations, those rates will quickly show improvement.

I believe that slowly by slowly more and more evidence will vindicate dr Ketchum.

If Humans have non-split pineal gland surely its possible elongated skulls may have whole brain non-split. note that humans are genetically engineered and dumbed down species. reason why humans use only 10-15% of their brain plus pineal gland partially functioning except for lucky few. why we have primate dna within us and 4000 genetic defects. (check Lloyd Pye - Everything you know is Wrong)

These elongated skulls are either Aliens or Humans who are possibly genetically unaltered. i don't believe elongated ones are extinct and pretty sure they are living inside hollow earth or other planets or both.

My pineal began functioning in a big way Nov 2012 and I did not know those things happened. I have an elongated skull but not to that extent.

Tsurugi's picture

How elongated is it? Perhaps in comparing elongations and levels of understanding of esoterica, we might discover a mathematical relationship between the two. For instance, suppose that the amount of elongation is equal to the square root of the amount of mystical comprehension. That could be expressed mathematically as "Elongation equals mystical comprehension squared" or "E=mc^2"....

...oh wait

I will be expecting official Video release by Brian Foerster on Youtube about this News :)

aprilholloway's picture

I interviewed him yesterday and the video will be uploaded in just a couple of hours.

Would like to receive. Thanks.

hmmmmm....just wondering, Could Bigfoot be related to them there bones?

Real good,i´m from Peru

I'm from Peru too!
I have no reason to object the likelyhood of the preliminary results, around the globe we are finding new evidences linked to more developed ancient cultures that might rewrite the text books. At this point everything is possible.

It's quite obvious that this is the result of cross-reproduction with space aliens, the same ones the natives of the period made the Nazca Lines for.

me myself like to keep an open mind if you ever listen to loyd pye and the starchild skull and what he reports on youll understand that not everything is soo cut and dry he gives you a no bullcrud point of view that i love to see and here when things are being discoverd and talked about especialy when it seems to be that not all is being said by mainstream scientists and archeologists itll be interesting to see what comes next in thier findings

They are the Nephilim.

Tsurugi's picture

If the Nephilim were physical giants, the longheads weren't Nephilim.
They may be connected, however. Not clear how though.

there is a real need to overthrow the current mainstream media, science and especially school textbooks that teaches darwin evolution bs, fake history, not teaching about ET's, etc.
we must choose which path to take, circle or spiral.

This analysis was started by author LA Marzulli to prove that fallen angels (what many think of as aliens from another planet) visited earth as described in the book of Genesis and the book of Enoch that was in the early Bibles.
The result of non-human DNA was expected. Visit his site at lamarzulli.wordpress.com/ or for more understanding read: tribulation-now.org/light-workers/ or for an ancient text expert visit author Zen Garcia at fallenangels.tv/

Only some of the skulls were possibly not the result of head binding, not 300...use your critical thinking,people..there are no ancient aliens..although there maybe some genetic malformation within that population that inspired others to bind the heads of their children.People have been trying for a hundred years to disprove the out of Africa theory of origin for purely racist reasons..that is why mainstream Archaeology often ignores this kind of research..they see it for what it is..

No ancient aliens, you say?
Huuuumm. Who told you that? Why do you belive it?

Tsurugi's picture

Bah. If any disagreement with the out-of-Africa theory is to be automatically presumed to arise from racism, the same can be said about proponents of the out-of-Africa theory from the other side of the equation. Racism is racism no matter what color in particular is being supported or oppressed.

Since that gets us exactly nowhere scientifically or logically(assuming that a person who is racist cannot do good science is a fallacy of composition. Pointing to their racism as a motivation for biased conclusions is a legitimate possibility, but far from a foregone conclusion), the best thing to do is follow the tenets of the scientific method and attempt to refute bad science with good science, leaving prejudice out of it entirely.

First of all, somebody made a statement that people are trying to overturn the out of Africa concept for purely racist reasons. This is both an assumption, and one of the standard ploys used by the scientific community to get people to back off.

That said, I would like to point out that some form of a proper scientific paper is always available if the research has indeed been done, irregardless of how far off the norm the subject is. Here's an excellent example of this:


This is what some of the folks are asking for. Does anybody know where to find something similar regarding this story?

Trace the Haplogroup mutations in our DNA, it all leads back to Haplogroup L3 originating in Africa, thus vindicating the Out of Africa theory as correct.

There is nothing proving that Haplogroup L3 originated in Africa. Only wait until someone dare to and succeds with retrieving the mt DNA sequens from an 500 000 - 1 million year old fossil from Africa and it will bring a new chock.

There certainly is proof of the Haplogroup L3 genetic marker originating from Africa. Haplogroup L3 is just one branch of the whole Haplogroup genome marker known as type L. There are two other branches of the Haplogroup L marker and are designated L1 and L2 respectively. Haplogroup L is the original source marker of the species of Hominin known as Homo Sapiens that evolved in South Central Africa around 200,000 years ago. Whilst Haplogroup L3 migrated out of africa and all over the world, groups L2 and L3 still reside in Africa and cannot be found outside of it at all.

First of all, denoting haplogroup type L as the original for all other human haplogroups is by choise based on the ruling preconception and not by evidence. Secondly, there is nothing proving that it originated in Africa. The timeframe for differences between those haplogroups works equaly well when viewed from the perspective that Homo Sapiens came into Africa some 200000 years ago. The missing link between the older fossils and Homo Sapiens fossils will never be found in Africa. Fossils of this age would only be looking like either Chimps or Gorillas. Strange that there is no fossil record of the ancestors of either of those Apes.

Brien Foerster and LA Marzulli will be on Paradigm Unhinged on the Inception Radio Network talking about these skulls, March 5th at 9pm EST.

I will be interested to hear what they have to say of course. This is beyond interesting. The implication is there that these people really had enough gray matter to fill those craniums. I would like to hear the details though. There has to be enough genetic evidence offered to explain the existence of this, else everything becomes suspect.

It's like that link I posted for an example. For anybody who did not look, it's a paper on elevated radiation levels found in Michigan that date to 12,500 years ago. And the origin/cause was particle bombardment. That would have been laughed off the planet of course ..... except Professor Firestone did an excellent job of delivering and explaining the proper evidence. I suggest you have a look, because if this story does not have that, then it's dubious as to whether or not it will be accepted. Personally, I think we may have found the people everybody tried to imitate, but we need those specifics.

Thats something worth investigating Tim, because Michigan is near where the the copper deposits in the Great Lakes area had been mined out from around this time and onwards. Could this particle bombardment be what brought upon the end of the last Ice Age and possibly be the Great Flood pre-cursor that is told in all ancient peoples histories?

Thats something worth investigating Tim, because Michigan is near where the the copper deposits in the Great Lakes area had been mined out from around this time and onwards. Could this particle bombardment be what brought upon the end of the last Ice Age and possibly be the Great Flood pre-cursor that is told in all ancient peoples histories?

Very interested in the concept of Alien Origins...it can't be definitively discounted out of hand, there is too much evidence, including that which has been officially buried! (However, it wasn't "Officially" discovered)...ordinary folks found items in the field, and they became "Officially" lost when turned over to "Peer Groups" for "Further Studies"!

Would you please? Just drop it. That's a good indication that somebody failed to do their job. Otherwise, nobody would have had the opportunity to dump evidence.

If you want to see something significant of this nature, the museum in Winnemucca, Nevada still has skulls and some bones from that cave in Lovelock, Nevada, where the Utes burned that group of "giants". Actually more like overgrown NFL linemen. But they aren't displayed, so you have to request to see them.

I'm probably a little older than most people here. When I was in grade school, it was still recognized that a race of people who grew from six to nine feet tall once lived here. Many of the First Nations have corroborating legends. There would be a couple of stories a year in our readers about it, and the scientific community was earnestly trying to solve, not hide, the issue. So what happened? All I know is that this research no longer takes place, most of the evidence seems to be gone, and Native Americans are receiving credit for the things those large people built. Like the Mississippian Mounds. I suspect you will find the culprits doing the hiding are from the political world, not the scientific.

Yes Tim, there seems to be some form of suppression of any of this type of information that relates to different species existing in our near ancient past, even going so far as to raid the museums in Iraq after the US occupation and specifically removing or destroying certain artifacts of this nature.

What with the atacama 'alien', the star-child skull and now the Paracas elongated skull genetic testing is definitely leading us into exciting avenues. Unfortunetly all three of these 'mysteries' require much more testing (and much more money) before anything conclusive is revealed. Should this stop us from building potential theories based on preliminary findings? I really don't think it should. As long as we are willing to adapt and modify our theories as new evidence comes to light there is no harm in addressing the potentialities, just as any Detective that is investigating a crime. Personally, I am no geneticist or archeologist but rely on my own capacities to infer ideas and build knowledge. Does this mean I'm always right? Of course not but I am always willing to doubt and re-asses any theories I do have. This was an very interesting article and I'm very pleased to have found this site. Thankyou to all of you that put ancient-origins.net together.

You should speculate. That's how ideas get started. But do take care to remember that this is what you are doing. If you actually want to develop some theories? Well, then you're going to need more facts.

That's why I was requesting the scientific paper on this. This is not my field either. I'm a Systems Analyst. But here is a story that implies that we have finally determined the source of these enlongated skulls, and the story would stand the Archaeological world on its ear, because it would require global travel thousands of years before it's supposed to have existed in order to satisfy all requirements. Naturally I want more information. I've followed this particular topic for at least thirty years

The star-child skull and now the Paracas elongated skull both have DNA currently unknown to us, along with a few sasquatch hair samples as well. That's enough proof for me to disbelieve all of those stupid prehistoric theories on evolution that they are still trying to preach to the masses.

This story is so sketchy, and Foerster deserves none of this attention.


I myself have an elognated skull. For years my friends have whispered behind my back (some friends). Do I have special powers? Can I levitate things? Is anything else elongated? Well, I'm tired of being treated differently. We are no different from other people. Except we're a hundred times smarter and will eventually replace you like you replaced the Denosivians, Desovonians (?)- whatever! You've been warned.

Send us a photo of your skull so we can determine if you need to be "confined" to a drawer in the Smithsonian, under lock and key, of course.

You don't seem "a hundred times smarter" than anyone. You just sound like dork with an oversized skull.

This is absolutely fascinating, the possibility of a new species. I can't wait for the research to have conclusive evidence from this. Our past is so vast and filled with as much mystery as our future.

if elongated skulls turn out to be unaltered humans, their DNA will have close or perfect match with 223 genes which are unique to humans and they will not have primate genes making them pure blood humans. it may become possible to restore humans to their former selves before droconians messed up the genetics.

when your connecting the dots.
these sure look like Allegewi who after a war( with mengewi ( MN, MENE) were forced south and mingled with the Natchez. YOU can also google their pictures to see they don't look like what has become sciences preferred "native american type", and other government sponsored types.. as it seem they prefer Asians and Asians dna to help prove bering straits ideas and thus to be able to create time , when there is not time. Sciences goal is not prove prove the truth, it is only to prove there is not a God and no creator.
there is also a site which explains how the Alegre, Alleshir , Aleshya/Aleshya/Alasyia, Allegani , Elis , Elisium etc etc etc etc OR how these the "Isles of Elishah were divided with his other brothers and Tarshish( probably his sister) KITTIM/ KITUWAH /Kets/ + more for a clue <<<<>------{ :) in a world wide trading networks when the world was changed at the time of the bronze age collapse. so really all elements of sea traveling people were on every island before the events of 3200 years ago. thus NO Asian looking tribes killed off all of the non asian looking tribes.. well that kind of happened but they all were all
"native" to here too aka all had an inheritance here also and thus shared parts of ISLANDs land masses with their cousins.. but the land masses all changed world wide just 3200 years ago.

.. I 'm pretty sure they did head shaping but I suspect that was to keep up some kind connection to our original/ created form , and pretend to still be in our original created to live forever forms. because humanity has de-evolved very quickly from giants with two rows of teeth created to chew forever and 6 fingers on the 6th day.
and yes the 4 cousins were on all the Island land masses at about the same time.

when the sea level got a lot lot lot lower , up to 800 to 1200 ft the sea levels dropped everywhere in the world about 3200 year ago . if they lived through it they all started fighting over room to expand on to the new land ..but even today it is very unproductive land and only grasslands because it was just 3200 years ago it was the bottom of the sea . . but it grows big buffalo and Elk now .

Interesting theory. Where is your evidence? Please site some sources...

This is very interesting, but the presence of DNA that doesn't correspond to anything in our database may simply mean that our database covers only the currently living bloodlines of humanity. There may have been many human variations that have died out long before our databases were created.


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