In Search of the Mythical King Minos, Did the Legendary Ruler Really Exist?
Egyptian texts during the New Kingdom Period (1550 - 1070 BC) often referred to the island of Crete as Kaftu or Keftiu (Akkadian kaptaru and Biblical Caphtor). But in some cases, it is paired with the name Menus, a possible rendering of Minos. During the reign of Ramesses III (1186 -1155 BC), there are times when Menus is written without the other. Was this the Egyptian way of identifying the island and its people under the name Minos? Does this also imply the existence of a historical Minos or a title inherited by the later Cretan kings?
Judge Minos in ’The Last Judgement’ by Michelangelo. ( Public Domain )
Top Image: Illustrations to Dante's "Divine Comedy" - "Minos" by William Blake . Source: Public Domain