The Hidden Identity of the Woman Glorified as Athena: Her Link to the Pre-Flood World
In the oldest written Greek known as Linear B, she was Athana, short for Athanatos, meaning the deathless or immortal one.
As I point out in my new full-color book, Genesis Characters and Events in Ancient Greek Art , Athana seemed immortal in the post-Flood world because she had come through the Flood, bringing the long pre-Flood life span possessed by Noah and his sons and their wives. She was, in fact, one of those wives—Naamah is her name, the conniving wife of Noah’s son Ham.
The Marriage of Ham/Chiron and Naamah/Chariklo
She is the last person mentioned in the line of Cain: “And the sister of Tubal-Cain is Naamah” (Genesis 4:22). She was the daughter of Lamech, the last ruler of the Cainites before the Flood. Greek artists depicted the courtship and marriage of Ham and Naamah on several ancient vases under their Greek names Chiron and Chariklo.
On a vase from about 500 BC, three Centaurs walk in line, two of them carrying a branch signifying they belong to a different branch of humanity - the line of Seth as opposed to the supposedly culturally and intellectually superior line of Cain. (Author provided)
Ham/Chiron was one of the men in the line of Seth. Greek artists depicted Seth-men as Centaurs, half-men, half-horses, almost always showing them bare-chested, often carrying a branch, as above, indicating that they belonged to an inferior branch of humanity, as opposed to the supposedly superior, cultured, man-elevating line of Cain.
On a vase from about 600 BC, Ham/Chiron grasps the wrist of Naamah/Chariklo, a sign in ancient Greek art that she is to be his bride. (Author provided).
The artists made a special exception for the Seth-man, Ham/Chiron, depicting him with the full front of a man because to them he was the “good” Centaur, who brought the Cainite princess, Naamah/Chariklo, through the Flood as his wife. In the above vase-depiction from about 600 BC, Ham/Chiron takes the wrist of Naamah/Chariklo, a sign in Greek art that she is to be his bride.
Naamah’s great-grandfather had the name Mehujael (Genesis 4:18) meaning “Wipe out God.” That’s the mindset Naamah brought with her through the Flood as Ham’s wife. There is no doubt in my mind that she is the one responsible for Ham’s mocking attitude toward his father Noah, related in Genesis 9:20-27. Naamah/Athena inspired and directed the resurgence of the way of Cain in the post-Flood world through her son Cush/Hermes and her grandson Nimrod/Herakles, and was exalted for that reason.
After the tower of Babel, mankind adored Naamah by many titles including: Lama, Astarte, Ishtar, Hathor, Isis, Maat, Artemis, Inanna, Asherah, and ultimately in her most glorious idolization as the great Greek goddess Athena.
Confirmation from Secular Scholars
A most revealing 782-page book by secular scholars Anne Baring and Jules Cashford, titled The Myth of the Goddess , supplies confirming evidence. The authors trace the goddesses of the ancient Near-eastern and Mediterranean world back to a single figure, the Sumerian Nammu—a minor linguistic variation of Naamah. Below, we see an ancient Sumerian image of Naamah/Nammu. She wears a mountain hat representing the mountain from which she descended after the Flood. In her hand, she holds the double-headed serpent symbolizing the serpent’s rule in the pre-Flood world, and now in the post-Flood world as well.
The Sumerian Nammu, depicted with her mountain hat representing the mountain from which she descended after the Flood, and holding the double-headed serpent symbolizing the serpent's rule in the pre-Flood world, and now in the post-Flood world as well. (Author provided)
Many of the significant ancient goddesses were linked to the Flood in some way, beginning with the one they represented, Naamah/Nammu.
Baring and Cashford: “The images of water and sea, the unfathomable abyss of the Deep, return us to Nammu, the Sumerian goddess whose ideogram was the sea . . . Asherah [a Canaanite goddess] was called ‘the Lady of the Sea,’ which links her to the Sumerian Nammu, and to the Egyptian Isis, ‘born in all wetness.’” Those descriptions of the great Cainite woman who became worshipped as a goddess evoke the memory of the Flood, and her passage through it.
According to Baring and Cashford, in both the Babylonian and Sumerian stories, Inanna and Ishtar, derivative goddesses of the woman, Naamah/Nammu, lament the destruction of their people in the Flood.
The title of Baring and Cashford’s book ought to be “The Memory of the Adored Woman,” but as academic disciples of atheist mythologist Joseph Campbell, they failed to make the obvious Genesis connection, a connection absolutely critical to understanding human history.