Petralona Cave - Greece

The human skull that challenges the Out of Africa theory

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This is the account of the discovery of a skull that has the potential to change what we know about human evolution, and a suppression and cover-up which followed.   

In 1959, in an area called Chalkidiki in Petralona, Northern Greece, a shepherd came across a small opening to a cave, which became visible when a thick covering of snow finally melted.  He gathered a group of villagers to help him clear the entrance so they could go inside and explore.  They found a cave rich in stalactites and stalagmites. But they also found something surprising – a human skull embedded in the wall (later research also uncovered a huge number of fossils including pre-human species, animal hair, fossilized wood, and stone and bone tools).   

Petralona SkullThe skull was given to the University of Thessaloniki in Greece by the President of the Petralona Community. The agreement was that once the research was done, a museum would be opened featuring the findings from the Petralona cave, and the skull would be returned to be displayed in the museum – something that never happened.

Dr Aris Poulianos, member of the UNESCO's IUAES (International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences), later founder of the Anthropological Association of Greece , and an expert anthropologist who was working at the University of Moscow at the time, was invited by the Prime Minister of Greece to return to Greece to take a position of a University Chair in Athens.  This was due to the publication of his book, ‘The Origins of the Greeks’, which provides excellent research showing that Greek people didn’t originate from the Slavic nations but were indigenous to Greece.  Upon his return to Greece, Dr Poulianos was made aware of the discovery of the skull at Petralona, and immediately started studying the Petralona cave and skull.

The ‘Petralona man’, or Archanthropus of Petralona, as it has since been called, was found to be 700,000 years old, making it the oldest human europeoid (presenting European traits) of that age ever discovered in Europe. Dr Poulianos’ research showed that the Petralona man evolved separately in Europe and was not an ancestor of a species that came out of Africa. 

In 1964, independent German researchers, Breitinger and Sickenberg, tried to dismiss Dr Poulianos’ findings, arguing that the skull was only 50,000 years old and was indeed an ancestor that came from Africa.  However, research published in the US in 1971 in the prestigious Archaeology magazine, backed up the findings that the skull was indeed 700,000 years old.  This was based on an analysis of the cave’s stratigraphy and the sediment in which the skull was embedded.  Further research in the cave discovered isolated teeth and two pre-human skeletons dating back 800,000 years, as well as other fossils of various species.

Today, most academics who have analyzed the Petralona remains say that the cranium of the Archanthropus of Petralona belongs to an archaic hominid distinguished from Homo erectus, and from both the classic Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans, but showing characterists of all those species and presenting strong European traits.  A skull dating back 700,000 which is either Homo sapien or part Homo sapien is in direct conflict with the Out of Africa theory of human evolution.  

Petralona Man

Further excavations continued in the cave of Petralona with the participation of international researchers (46 specialists from 12 separate countries), which provided further proof of Dr Poulianos’ claims, including remarkable findings like fossilized pieces of wood, an oak leaf, animal hair and coprolites, which enabled accurate dating, as well as the almost continuous presence of stone and bone tools of the Archanthropus evolutionary stage, from the lower (750,000 years) to the upper (550,000 years) layers of sediment within the cave.

The research, after an interruption due to the dictatorship in Greece, continued up to 1983. It was then ordered by the government that all excavations at the site were forbidden to anyone, including the original archaeological team, and for 15 years nobody had access to the site or to the findings – no reason was provided by the government.  Was this denial of access to prevent the extraction of whatever new scientific conclusions remained hidden within the incredible fossils embedded within the layers of the caves’ walls? 

After the Anthropological Society of Greece took the case to the courts, 15 years later they were again allowed access to the cave.  Since then the Ministry of Culture is trying in any way to overcome the Courts decision and further trials proceed.

Comments

Your reference is to the low set cheek bones similar to that of a primate... and considering the lower half of the skull isn't presented but it's not a primate or ape skull. Ape skulls have more of a slope below the nose leading to the upper lip. Look at the picture of the skull with it's low set cheek bones and the photo of Dr. Poulianos. It Is Human.

Most Chinese use the Mutiregional Origin Theory bolsted by their own finds in China, Indonisia, Mongolia and Australia, rather than Africa. It does not negate the out of africa theory in its entirety but takes away its  sense of exclusivness. Additionally, when it comes to the objectification of the of racial differances, the Chinese are less scrutinized. The world really only wants whites to practice Political correctness. You wont hear this officially but there is one line of reasoning that says, races, as commonly viewed are in actuality various sub-species of Hoimo-Sapeins, envisioning a world like in older times where sub species, like Homo sapiens and neanderthals lived side by side and had hybrid offspring. You won't hear THAT on the Discovery Channel. Much too inflamatory, and certainly not in line with the agenda of globalization and inclusion.

 
I dont have any links in my head on that right now, But you can look up Multiregional Orgin Theory and get a sense of how they see it.

  As far as the European tendency to fixate on the white race and who is on top, I dont quite know what you mean by that. Sounds like a need for status. When you actually are the ones creating what the rest of the world wants there is no need for status. There is only one place you CAN be!

Skin color is not a primary factor in any consideration, just a secondary one. The "out of Africa" opera is only sung by the Western Scientific comunity. The Chinese have their own school of thought on origins.They find us a little amusing. The Out of Africa theory is built on much conjecture, which has been disguised as fact. Thats why there is much comotion when the facts are questioned....don't y'all get too close now....look, but don't touch, read, but don't ask questions. Look at the poor Neanderthals! In the last 15 to 20 years they have been run absolutly ragged. Oh, they had a non-fragmented mind so no abstract thought. Oh, too genetically differant to humans, no chance of interbreeding. No cultural interaction with homo sapiens.No higher language skills. All that turned out to be wrong. They were assimilated to some degree but lost their place due to natural causes. The same is happening with other groups, as we speak, but I won't get into that on this forum. Political correctness needs a flat world to make all appear equal and those who see a world of non-equality are the new heretics, und, zehy muss be silenced, Herr Comandant!

thank-you - could you give us some links to the Chinese information - I have never seen any arguments or differing theories from that direction. I am very interested in new ideas. The more brains applied the better and I certainly understand the European tendency to fixate on the white race and who is at the top !

So how did they determine the age of this skull? C14 is only good on organics for 50,000 years unless I am misinformed.

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