Abstract image depicting creation of the universe and mankind

The awesome, terrible, and unknowable creator gods through history

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All throughout history people have invoked gods of various kinds, including incomprehensibly strange creators. Crediting an almighty god as the creator of the universe is an acknowledgement that the universe is so complex and beautiful that only a being much greater than human could create it.

People from every inhabited corner of the planet have told stories about the creator and how he or she brought the world into existence. Creators have been seen as male and female, wonderful and awesome, terrible and unknowable. They are usually the oldest being in any pantheon.

Modern scientists too have a creation story: the Big Bang. Some modern people do not believe God set off the Big Bang. In fact, many millions of people from various traditions around the world, including Christians and Muslims, still believe in fundamentalist creation stories.

Abstract model of the Big Bang

Abstract model of the Big Bang. Source: BigStockPhoto

A creator is difficult to understand because it doesn’t show itself except through its works. It doesn’t explain how or when or why it made the universe and us. So people develop stories or allegories to explain the inexplicable: How did our universe come to be?

There was probably really never any creator who vomited up everything, or who fought a monster and sliced up her body and created the world from it, or who hatched the universal egg on her stomach and created the world and heavens from its parts. It’s uncertain if people truly believed these things happened, but these exact stories were first told long ago.

To give a flavor of just one people’s telling of a creation tale, here is a short excerpt from the very first part of the American Indian Navajo creation story Dine bahan é:

Of a long time ago, long ago these things are said.
It is said that at To bil dahisk’id white arose in the east and was considered day. We now call that spot Place Where the Waters Crossed.
Blue arose in the south. It too was considered day. So the Nilch’I diné’e, who already lived there, moved around. We would call them Air-Spirit People in the language spoken today by those who are given the name Bilagaana, which means White Man.
In the west yellow arose and showed that evening had come. Then in the north black arose. So the Air-Spirit People lay down and slept.— From the book Diné bahane: The Navajo Creation Story, University of New Mexico Press, Paul G. Zolbrod, editor and translator.

The text of the Navajo creation story runs 300 pages in Zolbrod’s book, and it tells a lot about ancient Navajo Indians.

It is fortunate the Navajo people have such a complete creation story from many centuries ago. Other indigenous people are not so lucky. Many ancient people’s stories were never recorded and are lost because their cultures or civilizations ended by attrition or in various disasters, including colonialism, imperialism, and genocide.

Below is a list of 20 creators as told by real people in real religions and cultures at various times around the world down through the ages. Some of these beings have fallen out of favor wand have no believers left. Some were imagined or prophesied about thousands of years ago. Others, though their stories are old, are still loved and worshiped today:

  • Atum of Egypt, "the not-yet-Completed One who will attain completion" and dwelt in the primordial depths, masturbated to create the father and mother of the earth and sky.
  • Nammu is the Sumerian mother ancestress who gave birth to all the gods.
  • Enki of Sumer impregnated the lovely Ninhursag, who was the mother of the land.
  • Marduk of Babylon sliced up the body of the terrible monster Tiamat and formed all of creation from her corpus.

Marduk and Tiamat

Marduk and Tiamat ( Wikimedia Commons )

  • The Persian gods Ahura Mazda, who fashioned all that is positive on Earth, and Ahriman, who fashioned all that is negative, are still believed in by Zoroastrians.
  • Awonawilona was the Zuni god who existed before the beginning and who contained the universe within his male and female self.
  • In Jewish Cabala, the Aged of the Aged, Unknown of the Unknown, Truth of all Truths, Form without Form, the Uncreated Uncreating has an unblinking face, Makroposopos, always seen in profile. On it is the blinking face of the Uncreated Creating, Mikroprosopos. Joseph Campbell describes them in his book The Hero With a Thousand Faces . Campbell said Cabalists believe Makroposopos is the “I AM” of the Old Testament, and the Mikroprosopos is named God.


Most of those stories are somehow related to Water, as in water is an Integral element of creation. I wonder why? Maybe Water symbolizes something like an "Ether Field" / "Quantum Superposition Field" etc. and whoever it is that creates the Universe/World etc. is somehow interacting with it or using it in the creation by some seemingly random Act, any interaction with a Field/Particle in a Superposition state will "collapse it" into a Specific state like the Universe. But then where did those "primitive" peoples got the idea, long before Plank, Heisenberg and Pauli? Did they have something like an Epiphany from "Magic Mushrooms" ?

GOD. He,She,It,was,is,always will be the  embodiment of the Great Unknown that is Us! God is our Source, our life, our destroyer, our punisher, our Boogieman, our Giver and our Devourer!

                I am the tears that you weep

                I am the thief who steals your sleep

                As you lay awake, with restless mind

              For  I am That which you cannot  find.

Hard Guy to figure out, but then.....just take a look at US!

Another great article. Ancient Origins has been an inspiration for me as I continue to try to understand myself and the world I live in.
This is a wonderful part of a poem John Dale. "the tears you weep"....not every human form can feel...the fact that the person who wrote this poem has tears reveals that they have the spark of Divinity in them.....they are not a machine. If we study the human forms around us, maybe it will become clear to some, as it has to me that not every human form is capable of feeling or loving. This is what separates the children of Ohrmad fro those of Ahriman....yes, there is a difference.
"For, I am That which you cannot find".....the Buddha taught that we have to quiet our mind and search within to find that spark of Divinity and remember who we are. So, the idea of meditation,, but meditation is not just achieving mindlessness as some Buddhist suggest, it is a process of remembering. Emerson spent time in Nature and he was able to hear her speak to him.....he was able to see the "authentic fire" of God shine through the black smoke of Typhon. The first step to remembering maybe to see the beauty in a flower or a sunset....to quiet the mind and not be caught up in distraction.....As in the Seven Sermons to the Dead by Jung....turn your eyes away from the flaming spectacle of ABRAXAS...as in Pluto's Allegory of the Cave, to stop watching the shadows on the cave wall and seek for the exit of the cave. Stop watching TV...the stupid dramas that keep us distracted and from remembering who we are.

You have obviously done some soul searching of your own,Karla, from what one can read here. Don't know who the children of Ohrmad or Ahriman are though, where do they fit in? A quick search on the net came up empty. Now I am curious.

           I kind of like the hierarchical manifestation of knowledge shown in the Vedanta tradition. Its like a pyramid. The base is wide and composed of many bricks while the capstone on top is a singularity. This symbolizes  the complexities of basal existence at the bottom to the top where there is only the "One". It is said that as one rises in awareness the knowables decrease in number and the mind is less busy, freeing up energy to admire what one does see. I can see enough bricks to tell me I'm nowhere near the top yet.

RalphTuckerSr's picture

To my best recollection, He hasn't personally told me squat, but there have been seemingly divine instances in my life. That being said, my personally believed doctrine would be that of some ancient genetic modifications of the primates and neo-homo-whatchamacallits resulting in our current hodgepodge of humanity. As for deities, believe what you will.

Let's not fill in the blanks with all kinds of stupid fantasies. Let's wait what science finds out...
Maybe we should understand all these ancient creation myths just as projections of our human psychological and social behaviour.

I am not sure that science will find out what created our Universe(s). They too much fixed on their BigBang. May be the quantum theory will.
But there is an other theory that says that the world was created with a ray of LIGHT and one of LOVE. Light (as photons) being the male part and the energy, while Love being the female part, directing the energy of the light. This sounds quite reliable to me.

Not a single mention of the Great Green Arkleseizure, or the Coming of the Great White Handkerchief...

Tsurugi's picture

Yes. Most of these sneezeless heathens will perish in the First Wipe.

1. THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it.
What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water?

2 Death was not then, nor was there aught immortal: no sign was there, the day's and night's divider. That One Thing, breathless, breathed by its own nature: apart from it was nothing whatsoever.

3 Darkness there was: at first concealed in darkness this All was indiscriminated chaos.
All that existed then was void and form less: by the great power of Warmth was born that Unit.

4 Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire, the primal seed and germ of Spirit.
Sages who searched with their heart's thought discovered the existent's kinship in the non-existent.

5 Transversely was their severing line extended: what was above it then, and what below it?
There were begetters, there were mighty forces, free action here and energy up yonder.

6 Who verily knows and who can here declare it, whence it was born and whence comes this creation? The Gods are later than this world's production. Who knows then whence it first came into being?

7 He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it,
Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not.

Ref: http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv10129.htm

"THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it.
What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water?"

The 'Hindu' word for zero is Sunyam. That is where the notion of zero came from and became part of our everyday number system. Sunyam is the infinitesimal point of nothingness out of which everything came about. How is it possible that everything came out of nothingness of zero dimension? Well, Physics is saying the same thing!!! God is that nothingness of zero dimension! SHE exists only when you can successfully justify HER existence, through your intellect. When you fail, SHE also disappears. But I have seen my GODs. They brought me into this world and spent their entire life to rear me and become someone who is worthy of being a part of this Universe in a living form.

The mentioning in water of most of these stories shows how heavily humans have relied on water throughout history, even though they did not always use it for drinking (in ancient cultures such as Mesopotamia and Egypt, beer was the primary source of drinking fluid) but it was used for fishing or for other various uses.  These stories that explain why people are around involve water so often because a majority or cities or villages live near some form of water both in ancient times and modern times (Chicago on Lake Michigan, New York on tthe Hudson River etc.).  This reliance on water as not only a drink, but as an energy source show how much we really need it, which could be why there has been such an abundant amount of hydropowered dams being built across the world, with China leading the field, especially with the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River.  The fact that these creation stories are formed with water points to the fact that even ancient peoples realized that life on Earth would be nonexistant without water

For me "The Water" simply is the source of life. It is like the blood in our veins, such is water on our Earth. Besides the sand and rocks it was one of the first Gods on this our planet.

On the other side water can also kill life, when it comes to tsunamis, overflowing, broken dams and unending rains. There is no importance whether Ancient Peoples preferred beer of wine or whatever, the important was the water contained in it.

For me, whenever I have the opportunity to drink a glass of possible fresh clear water, it is for me a glass full of milk of Mother Earth, she gives us to live.

May many more people learn this feeling and also to be thankful for it.

Tsurugi's picture

Is it the "milk of Mother Earth" though? I think it's interesting how many of the creation myths describe an act of procreation, of fertilization, eggs and semen, etc., which results in life. The Earth is the Mother, who is the Father? Helios, perhaps? The Sun god...in other words, stars.

Elements all the way up to iron (Fe) are created in the stellar fusion process. Higher elements are generated in the intense energetic environments of novas and supernovas, which could be likened to the spasm of ejaculation.…

Once you stop laughing, perhaps consider another possibility:


Perhaps water is not the milk of the mother but the seed of the father....?

Hello Tsurugi! Are you afraid people might laugh while reading your text? Sorry, but I took it as a serious argument. I only got the impression that some details were missing. It does not always need a father to reproduce, think about the monocellulars.
Can you explain why our planet is called by most (ancient and newer) civilizations "Mother Earth" or "Paca Mama" or similar? And how then can a liquid coming out of a female body be seed?
You mention the Sun and Supernova. Now a Supernova is the death of a sun.
There is the legend that at the very beginning the creator created two rays which he sent out into the universe(s): one of light and one of love. The light (being male) would then become the 'material' (photons) and Love (being female) would direct the energy. I love this idea!

Tsurugi's picture

Heya Nicolado,

Very interesting reply, thank you! I will have to think on what you said.

You ask “how then can a liquid coming out of a female body be seed?” I agree the earth has long been referred to as the “Mother”, that she is female. What I was suggesting was the water on earth does not originate from her but has its origins in the stars. The article I linked talks about a proto-star spraying jets of water deep into space from its poles. Perhaps Helios, our own sun, did the same when it was a proto-star, back near the beginning of the solar system, and this is the source of the water on earth.

I think it is an interesting possibility.

Hi Tsurugi, Thanks for your reply.
You see, I have the impression that there is a main difference between you and me. You are following the texts and science. the later being overcome in great part by the quantum physic. I am following my feelings and no so called organized religion is in my believe.
There is no importance where the water came from to Earth, it is here (probably it came as H & O and some flashes combined it to H2O). And we need it for life. Whether as pure water, as wine, beer or any other drink (even Coke!), we and any living creature on earth need it.
Certainly I love the Ancient-Origins-News. They are very interesting, especially what concerns the dates and ages of certain happenings. Also certain old texts contain hints to the rather unreality of our today's physic, based on Newton & all. and show that in ancient times the communication and others were quite different and partly still are within the so-called Native People. So the pyramids, not only the Egyptians, were not built with the power of muscles, but with the power of the mind.
I'm wishing you all the best!

Darren Pellichino's picture

In all of these creation myths there are truths to the process that created our world and heavens.  Tsurugi was touching the subject with some scientific facts and I honestly believe science has shown us without a doubt where the God who spoke words to humanity is located. 

The fact is we see how stars are created through telescopes and have worked on computer simulations as to how these swirling masses of intense explosive energy create the worlds around them.  But as yet we have not understood the forces that are at play.  We call it gravitational and it is baffelling to scientific mathematical energy equations, as it has too much power and then too little power.  That is as far as I will go into the science, but I have gone as deep an physics has gotten us to date.  Now quite lieterally I can’t think of any other object when I read the words God used to describe himself.  He is the light, his light created life and he abolishes darkness.  He created the Earth and the heavens.  Now the word heavens was understood as what originally?  And since we have peered further into space we have included everything out there as the UNIVERSE which we assume the heavens are.  But do you know for certain the word spoken did not mean Solar System?  I mean if he is the light, the creator of life, the Earth and abolishes the darkness and created the Solar System, then by gosh that one word being confused is the only missing piece.  Everything in the Solar mantle is inside of a protective womb, as the space beyond the solar mantle is found to have extreme turbulance.  We are literally inside of the atmospheric sphere of the Sun.

There is going to be so much resistance from religious and science peoples against this concept, BUT it is so blatantly obvious you(skeptics) have to just say I refuse to believe to discount it. Can anyone say the Sun is not a conscious entity, or have concrete proof that God is suposed to be immortal.  To understand where modern science is on consciousness, type in “What is consciousness?” and then read all of the thousands of theories on what it is.  No matter how deep you dig into this the only cons are a denial that it cannot be.  And where exactly are those denials coming from?


riparianfrstlvr's picture

skeptics my arss, they are in complete denial. the next really big bad solar flair that takes out everybodies cell phone service, and internet, they won’t be trying to see who “liked” their latest “selfie”, they are going to be trying to call you Darren to say duh, you were right. certainly if we aren’t actually in the sun’s atmosphere, our’s is affected by it, to say the least. as an EX-catholic, i can honetly say i was lied to. speaking metaphorically i see the the Sun’s light as male or the seed. I see  water of the Earth as the milk of life and all life needs water. and as said up above in another comment, some life here don’t need males to reproduce. so to there is life at the bottom of the ocean at those volcanic vents that owe nothing to the sun, and almost everything to water, and volcanoes. hence, Mother Earth for me. you know what i find fascinating about all of this, is that the sun is not stationary but is traveling through space, and that the solar system is not flat at all. but traveling with the sun, and if you track our path through space, all of the planets paths, it forms a helix and looks a lot like a strand of human DNA. since we all have circadian rythms, so does the earth in rotations and orbits, wouldn’t the sun? the galaxy?...



I think water exist because some elements melted and become possible for us to drink because we got use to it? or maybe it just happened that it is compatible for us? I think it's pretty much possible.

then the Sun itself is the father. Each planet on our solar system goes around its axis to get close to the sun. hahaha (lol)

The Elohim discrption is an accuret for what God in Islam is, the Cabala discription would be more fitting,

"What created the first cause?" Until science can answer that question... and it never will... a Creator is necassary to explain our existence.

Hello Travis, I fully agree with you!
And I like most the theory/believe that the world, universe(s) has been created by a thought of the creator, who sent two rays into the void: one ray of light and one of love. Light being the masculine part and bearer of energy, which formed later also material, and love being the female part of it and directing the light what to do.
It is like the heart commanding the brain what to do.

Interesting theory... I like it. You on Facebook?

Hello Travis, no, I'm not on Facebook and never will be. Maybe April will give you my mail address. i allow her to do so just for you. O.k?
Looking forward to hear from you.

aprilholloway's picture

Hello Nicolao, I have passed on your email address to Travis. 



You really want to know. Or are you just trying a way out of yourself? You are nothing, but ego. Free from ego and find out.
Face your fears and search for Jiddu Khrisnamurti in Youtube.

God: Only single name for the absolute place or Nature or God or Dark energy or absolute time sole dimension or sole dimension of power of the things of the universe, great space or the location the center of the connectors between the great world or the great universes, location of the beginning or ending or the most deepest place, same location of place period or the matter, location of the big black hole or primordial black hole or before big bang, huge reserve of the natural force etc, Or What was God doing before He created the universe? Before creating the universe, the God Imagined about it. The God or That the field of single dimension or dark energy or nature how occurred? In or under no circumstances: In that case there is no answer because it is not possible to take our imagination power or philosophical reflection before it.

Dear Author, please let me weigh in on Finland's Luonnotar and the Creation of the World, as we have been orally told from generation to generation.

Small exerpts from Kalevala:



Magic verses we have gathered,
Kindled by the inspiration
From the belt of Vainamoinen,
Under forge of Ilmarinen,
Sword blade of the man far-minded,
Aim of Joukahainen's crossbow,
From the way-back fields of Northland,
From the heaths of Kalevala.

Long ago my father sang them
As he carved his ax's handle
And my mother also taught me
Though she kept her spindle spinning,

Lonely born was Vainamoinen,
All alone, the poet immortal,
From the beautiful who bore him,
From his mother, Ilmatar -

She, the virgin of the air,
Beautiful maiden. Nature's child,
Long maintained in holiness
Her eternal maidenhood
In the far-horizoned heavens,
Level meadows of the air.

But in time she wearied of it,
Was estranged from this odd living,
Always being by herself,
In those vast and empty spaces.

So at length she then descended
To the seawaves down below,
To the open clear sea surface
Out upon the open ocean.

Suddenly a storm wind blew,
Out of the east an angry blast
Blew the water to a foam
Heaving up the rollers high.

By the wind the maid was rocked,
On a wave the maid was driven
Where her womb the wind awakened
And the sea-foam impregnated.

Thus a full womb now she carried,
Long she bore her burdened belly,
Seven hundred years she bore it
For nine lifetimes of a man,

Yet the borning was unborn,
Still the fetus undelivered.

As the mother of the water
Aimlessly the virgin drifted:

She swam eastward, she swam westward,
She swam south and northwestward,
Swimming round the whole horizon

In her belly's bursting pains.
Yet the borning was unborn,
Still the fetus undelivered.

Then she fell to weeping softly,
Said a word and spoke out thus:

"Woe is me, the water wanderer,
Luckless girl, misfortune's child!
Now already I'm in trouble,
Shelterless beneath the sky,
Ever rocking on the seawaves
To be cradled by the wind,
To be driven by the billows
On these far-extending waters,
Endlessly repeated billows.

"Better had it been for me
To have stayed the airy virgin
Than to be as I am now
Drifting as the water-mother.

Ifs too cold for me to stay here,
Painful to be drifting here,
Wallowing in this watery waste.

"0 thou Ukko, lord of all,
Hear me, thou the all-sustainer:
Come, 0 come where thou art needed;
Come, 0 come where thou art called!
Loose the maiden from her misery

Then a bit of time passed over
When the honest bird,
Came on hovering here and there
Searching for a nesting place,

She flew eastward, she flew westward,
Flew to northwest and to southward
But she cannot find a spot

"Must I make my home on wind,
Build my hut upon the billows
Where the wind can blow it over
Or a wave can wash away?"

So the mother of the water,
Water mother, airy maiden,
Raised her knee above the surface
And her shoulder from the wave
As a refuge for the honest bird
And a nesting place.

Then that lovely bird,
Fluttering round and hovering over
Spied the water-mother's knee
Lifted from the sea's blue surface;
Took it for a grassy tussock
Or a tuft of new-grown turf.

Settles on the lifted kneecap.
It is there she builds her nest,
There she laid her golden eggs -

Six were the golden eggs she laid,
But the seventh was of iron.

She began to hatch the eggs there,
Brooded one day, brooded two days,
Even on the third day brooding.

Then the mother of the water,
Little mother, airy maiden,
Felt the rising heat upon her,
Felt as if her skin were scorching,
Thought her kneecap was on fire,
That her very veins were melting.

All at once she jerked her knee,
Agitating every member,
And the eggs rolled in the water
To the tumbling of the tides;

Into bits the eggs were broken,
Shattered into crumbs and pieces.

But the eggs and pieces were not
Mixed up with the mud and water
For at once the crumbs grew comely
And the pieces beautiful.

One egg's lower half transformed
And became the earth below,

And its upper half transmuted
And became the sky above;

From the yolk the sun was made,
From the white the moon was formed,

All the colored brighter bits
Rose to be the stars of heaven

And the darker crumbs changed into
Clouds and cloudlets in the sky.

Quickly now the time goes forward
While the newborn sun is shining
And the newborn moon is gleaming.

Still the mother goes on swimming,
Water mother, airy maiden,
Swimming on those peaceful waters

Before her flowed the liquid deep,
Behind her shone the empty heaven.

In the ninth year, tenth of summers,
Raised her head out of the sea,
Lifts her crown above the water;
Set to work on her creations,
Hastens on her handiwork,
Out upon the open ocean.

Where she gave her hand a turn
There she put the capes in order;

Where her foot struck bottom, there
Grottoes for the fish were formed;

Where the bubbles reached the surface
There the deeps were made still deeper.

Where her side had scraped the land
There the level shores appeared;

Where she turned her foot to landward
There the salmon grounds were formed,

And wherever her head touched land
There the broad bays opened out.

Swimming farther out from shore
She halted on the smooth sea surface
Where she made the little islands.

Then she raised the hidden reefs
Where the grounded ships would founder,
Many a seaman lose his life.

Now the islands were in order
And the small isles of the sea;
Pillars for the sky were planted,
Lands and continents created;

On the rocks the writs were written,
And the signs drawn on the cliffs.

Yet Vainamoinen is unborn,
Poet eternal not emerged.

Old reliable Vainamoinen
Traveled in his mother's womb,
Traveled there for thirty summers
And as many winters too

He is pondering, he is thinking,
How to live or how survive
In this dismal hiding place,
In this narrowest of dwellings

Where he never saw the moon,
Never got a glimpse of sunlight.

So he speaks out in these words,
Says it in these sentences:

"Free me. Moon, and Sun, release me!
Thou, Great Bear, do ever guide me,
Lead a man through strange doors,
Through these unfamiliar gates.

Release me from this narrow nest,
Guide the traveler to the land,
Child of mankind to the open

To behold the moon in heaven
And to wonder at the daylight,
Get to know the Great Bear's grandeur
Or just to stare up at the stars!"

Since the moon did not arrive
Nor the sun come to release him,
Alienated from his birth time,
Impatient of this dull existence,
He pushed against his prison lock
Pressing with his nameless finger,
Slid the bony bolt aside,
With his left toe opened it;
Scrabbling with his nails he came
Crawling through the exit door.

There the man was left alone
In the rough care of the billows.

There he floated for five years,
Six, seven, even eight years,
Stopped at last upon the surface

There beside a nameless headland,
On a treeless continent.

Struggling up with knee and elbow
He stood up to see the world:

To behold the moon in heaven
And to wonder at the daylight,
Get to know the Great Bear's grandeur
Or just to stare up at the stars.

That was the birth of Vainamoinen.
Such the daring poet's descent
From the beautiful who bore him,
From his mother, Ilmatar.


This goes on in lenght, how Vainamoinen put the moon and sun in place, formed the continents, seas, oceans, rocks etc. And he planted seads, plowed the fields, with the help of the elemental beings, who are not strangers to most Finns, they help humans and tend gardens, sit in trees, look after fire, take care of the animals and guard homes. That way it all makes sense, how elemental beings were a very important part when creating the world.

Here is the 2nd rune: http://kalevala.gov.karelia.ru/songs/song2_e.shtml

Then there is this beautiful Finnish folksong concerning the creation of the world: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=usDgBw8oy-U

If you are interested, read Kalevala's runes. It is the oldest book in the world, sadly people aren't interested in it.

Mark Miller's picture

Dear Lycanthrope,

I wrote the article. Thanks so much for posting these verses from the Kalevala. Strange and beautiful.

Best wishes,

Mark Miller



Thank you, Mark Miller, you are one of the few who mentions Finland in connection with Pre-Christian history.

When Kalevala was published in Finland, most Finns didn't even buy the book. Finns have Kalevala in their souls.

Väinämöinen was a wise man, he saw the future and how Finland would be destroyed and looted by the Christian Crusaders. So he stored his divine wisdom inside Finnish people's DNA. Spells, healing of diseases and history.

After the crusade all wizards, seers, healers and sorcerers were burned or dismembered as "witches" and it was carried out by the "good" Christian bishops. Folk-healing was forbidden for a century.

Finland's national treasures and temples were destroyed or stolen. Sweden determined our history, in other words wiped it out.

Kalevala's last Rune tells how Väinämöinen left Finland when Christianity arrived, but he gave a promise he would return in the future..

Some exerpts from the Epilogue

(It is easier to read when knowing the rhythm - :Vaka Vanha Väinämöinen, Tietäjä iänikuinen
(Old reliable Väinömöinen, the eternal Sorcerer)


(Marjatta, a virgin maiden, ate a lingonberry and got pregnant. People saw her as a bad woman and forbid her to give birth in the sauna. Her only option was to give birth in a stable, because the horse's vapour is like sauna steam.

In the stable Marjatta gives birth to a Man-Child, Jesus, who attacks and shames Väinämöinen and kicks him out from Finland. )

Vainamoinen, shamed and angry,
Walked away down to the seashore.
There he sang his last enchantment:
Conjured up a copper boat,
Closed-in vessel decked with copper.

There he sat, steering seaward
As he sailed he went on speaking,
And he said as he was leaving:

"Let the rope of time run out-
One day go, another come-
And again I will be needed.

"They'll be waiting, yearning for me
To bring back another Sampo,
To invent another harp,
Set a new moon in the sky,
Free a new sun in the heavens
When there is no moon, no sun
And no gladness on the earth.

So old Vainamoinen sailed,
Sailed out in his copper vessel,
To the upper worldly regions,
To the lowest levels of the heavens.

There he halted with his vessel,
Rested weary in his boat.
But he left his harp behind,
Graceful instrument to Finland,
Joy eternal to the nation
And the great songs to its children.

"To hold back a song is better
Than to cut it short halfway.
So I'll cease and stop and end it,
In a ball I'll wind my verses,
Twist them in a tangled skein;
Put them in the storehouse loft,
Bolted there in bony locks

"That they cannot be released,
Never, never be untangled
Till the bones themselves are loosened,
Teeth pulled out and jaws pried open
And the tongue be freed once more.

" Now indeed there's many a one,
Many a one who scolds at me,
Speaks to me in angry accents,
Sharply in a voice unfriendly.

"Someone finds fault with my voicing,
Someone curses out my accent;
Someone says I'm out of rhythm
And my singing's out of tune,
That I sang too much and badly,
That my verse is badly turned.

"I have never been instructed
Nor have learned in wizard lands,
Borrowed charm-words from outsiders
Nor my spells from far-off places.
All the others learned from teachers.

"I have skied a trail for singers,
Skied the trail, snapped the brush tips,
Broke the branches, showed the way.

"That way now will run the future,
On the new course, cleared and ready
For new poets of greater power,

"Singing songs of mightier magic
For the rising younger people,
For the new and growing nation.

The End.

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Myths & Legends

Trailer for Ouija Movie. (BagoGames/CC BY 2.0) Insert: Ouija board on your skull: noe valley, san francisco (2015).
Ouija boards, also known as talking boards or spirit boards, are a relatively modern tool/game that strikes fear and wonder in the hearts of many people. Almost everyone has heard stories of someone connecting with malevolent beings or suffering unfortunate events following the use of a Ouija board. But what’s the real story behind these terrifying tales?

Human Origins

A Wa'a Kaulua (double canoe) of Hawaiian Nobility of the 18th Century. Polynesia was inhabited by skilled seafarers.
Oceania was the last region to be settled by humans and the last part of Oceania to be settled by humans was Polynesia. Polynesians are famous for their voyages to remote islands in distant parts of the Pacific. Using outrigger canoes, they founded a society across islands stretching in a triangle from the Hawaiian Islands to Easter Island to New Zealand

Ancient Technology

All images courtesy of Dr Rita Louise
The vajra is the most important ritual implement of Vajrayana Buddhism. In Sanskrit, the word vajra is defined as something hard or mighty, as in a diamond. It symbolizes an impenetrable, immovable and indestructible state of knowledge and enlightenment.

Ancient Places

On a chilly winter day in 1929, Halil Edhem, the Director of Turkey's National Museum, was hunched over his solitary task of classifying documents. He pulled towards him a map drawn on Roe deer skin. As Halil opened the chart to its full dimensions (two feet by three feet wide or 60 X 90 cm) he was surprised by how much of the New World was depicted on a map which dated from 1513.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
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